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Informing an Effective Response to Climate Change
standards. We also judge that the United States could benefit from a federally supported, high profile, single organizational contact and structure for greenhouse gas management and information, which would include informational, advisory, standard setting, assessment, and research functions.
The nation should establish a federally supported system for greenhouse gasmonitoring, reporting, verification, and management that builds on existingexpertise in the EPA and the DOE but could have some independence. The system should include the establishment of a unified (or regionally and nationallyharmonized) greenhouse gas emission accounting protocol and registry. Suchan information system should be supported and verified through high qualityscientific research and monitoring systems and designed to support evaluationsof policies implemented to limit greenhouse gas emissions.
The federal government should review and promote credible and easily understood standards and labels for energy efficiency and carbon/greenhouse gasinformation that build public trust, enable effective consumer choice, identifybusiness best practices, and can adapt to new science and new emission reduction goals as needed. The federal government should also consider the establishment of a carbon or greenhouse gas advisory service targeted at the publicand small and medium enterprises. Core functions could include informationprovision, assessment of user needs and national progress in limiting emissions,carbon auditing guidelines and reporting standards, carbon calculators, and support for research.