TABLE 2.1 A Typology of Decision Makers Responding to Climate Change







Intergovernmental organizations (e.g., World Bank, UNFCCC), international networks of local governments (e.g., ICLEI, WCI)

Federal agencies, Executive, Congress, Judiciary

Tribal and state governments (agencies, executives, legislatures and judiciaries), regional offices of federal agencies, interstate networks and agencies (e.g., RGGI)

City, county, and other local government

Private sector

Multinational corporations, international business networks (e.g., WBCSD)

Corporate HQs, national business networks

Regional corporate offices, companies and business associations

Local businesses and associations

Non-profit organizations

International environmental and humanitarian organizations and networks (e.g., CAN, Oxfam)

Environmental and other NGOs

Regional offices of NGOs, regional organizations

Local NGOs


International citizens networks

Voters, citizen and consumer networks

Voters, citizen networks

Individual as voters, consumers, agents

NOTE: CAN, Climate Action Network; ICLEI, Local Governments for Sustainability; NGO, non-governmental organization; RGGI, Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative; UNFCCC, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change; WBCSD, World Business Council for Sustainable Development; WCI, Western Climate Initiative.

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