• Chapter 4 analyzes federal policies for implementing the key emission reduction strategies discussed above, and, where an adequate research basis exists, recommends critical policy goals.

  • Chapter 5 discusses policies for promoting the technological innovation needed to develop strategies that are less costly and more effective than those in hand today.

  • Chapter 6 examines how climate change limitation strategies interact with other important national policy goals, including social equity concerns, economic development threats and opportunities, energy security, and protection of air and water quality.

  • Chapter 7 discusses policies for assuring a multilevel response to the climate problem. In particular, we consider how U.S. national policy affects international incentives and institutions, as well as state and local actions.

  • Chapter 8 explores the concepts of policy durability and evolution as the basis for guiding the policy process over the coming decades.

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