a Ph.D. in geography from the Ohio State University, and a master’s degree in resource planning from the University of Massachusetts and is a Certified Energy Manager.

Dr. Doug Arent is Executive Director of the Joint Institute for Strategic Energy Analysis at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). He specializes in strategic planning and financial analysis, clean energy technologies and energy and water issues, and international and governmental policies. In addition to his NREL responsibilities, Arent is an author and expert reviewer for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Special Report on Renewable Energy, a member of the U.S. Government Review Panel for the IPCC Reports on Climate Change, and a Senior Visiting Fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. Arent is on the Executive Council of the U.S. Association of Energy Economists, is a Member of the Keystone Energy Board, and is on the Advisory Board of E+Co, a public-purpose investment company that supports sustainable development across the globe. He serves on the University of Colorado Chancellor’s Committee on Energy, Environment and Sustainability Carbon Neutrality Group and on the Clean and Diversified Energy Advisory Council of the Western Governor’s Association. Previously, Arent was Director of the Strategic Energy Analysis Center at NREL and was a management consultant to several clean energy companies. Dr. Arent has a Ph.D. from Princeton University and an M.B.A. from Regis University.

Ms. Ann Carlson is Professor of Law and the inaugural Faculty Director of the Emmett Center on Climate Change and the Environment at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) School of Law. She is also on the faculty of the UCLA Institute of the Environment. Professor Carlson’s scholarship in environmental law focuses on climate change law and policy, federalism, and the role social norms play in affecting environmentally cooperative behavior. Her recent work involves analyzing unusual models of environmental federalism, with a focus on the unique role California plays in regulating mobile source emissions, including greenhouse gas emissions, under the Clean Air Act. She has also written on the legal and political obstacles utilities will face in cutting greenhouse gas emissions and on the threat of heat waves and climate change. She is a frequent commentator and speaker on environmental issues, particularly on climate change. Professor Carlson’s article “Takings on the Ground” was selected in 2003 by the Land Use and Environmental Law Review as one of the top 10 environmental articles of the year. She is co-author (with Daniel Farber and Jody Freeman) of Environmental Law (7th Ed.). Professor Carlson teaches Property, Environmental Law and Climate Change Law and Policy and was the recipient of the 2006 Rutter Award for Excellence in Teaching. She served as the law school’s academic associate dean from 2004 to 2006. Carl-

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