American College of Physicians, 159

American Indians and Alaska Natives, 29, 62, 81, 93, 129, 131, 168

Anti–tumor-necrosis factor therapy, 162

Asian American Hepatitis B Program, 92

Asians and Pacific Islanders (APIs).

See also Foreign-born

access to care, 56, 169

educational programs for, 87, 92, 93, 153, 183

health-care providers, 82

incidence and prevalence of HBV infection, 1-2, 23, 27, 29, 81-82, 83, 93, 117-118, 153-154, 161, 183, 184-185

knowledge and awareness of HBV, 13, 82, 89-90, 173

liver cancer, 29, 153-154, 169

medical management of hepatitis, 183

risk of HBV, 90

screening/testing, 161, 173

surveillance, 32, 62, 68

treatment disparities, 169

vaccination, 10, 90, 92, 116, 117-118, 161-162

Aspartate transaminase, 49, 167

Asymptomatic infected individuals, awareness of infection, 1, 3, 24, 26, 27, 50, 51, 90

At-risk populations.

See also Foreign-born populations;

Illicit-drug users;

Incarcerated populations;

Men who have sex with men;

Pregnant women

access to services, 3, 56, 79

defined, 27, 86, 156

education programs, 4, 14, 85-86, 92-93, 95-96, 97, 98-100

health service provider knowledge of, 80, 81-84, 89

immunization, 4, 9, 10-11, 27, 81, 93, 113, 120-125

knowledge and awareness of hepatitis, 3, 4, 8, 9, 34, 89-91, 93-96

prevalence and incidence of hepatitis, 62, 81

recommendations, 16-17

screening and testing, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 11, 13-14, 16, 27, 71-72, 85, 86, 97, 124-125, 148, 153, 155, 156-159, 161, 173

services, 3, 5, 6, 13, 16-17, 56, 79, 149, 189-192

surveillance, 2, 4, 6, 7, 61-62, 67, 68, 71-72

Awareness. See Knowledge and awareness of chronic hepatitis

B

Baltimore, 28, 92, 122-123, 190

Blacks. See African Americans/Blacks

Blood transfusions, 2, 21, 24, 28, 50, 83, 84, 151, 158

Brachial neuritis, 32

Brazil, 138

Breastfeeding, 84

Bureau of Primary Health Care, 151

C

California, 58, 81, 83, 89, 99, 120, 121, 122, 173, 174, 182, 183, 186

Cambodian Americans, 90, 92

Cancer chemotherapy, 162

Case definitions for hepatitis, 7, 48-49, 50, 51, 52-53, 54, 55, 65, 68, 69

Case management, 43, 45-46, 57-58, 62-63, 65, 68, 70, 72

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2

Adult Hepatitis B Vaccine Initiative, 129

case definitions for hepatitis B and C, 48-49, 50, 52-53, 54, 55, 68

Division of Viral Hepatitis, 150-151

educational programs, 4, 8-9, 86, 87, 97, 96

Emerging Infections Program, 43, 58, 59

Epidemiologic Surveillance Project, 60

estimates of hepatitis burden, 25, 26, 27, 62, 120, 182, 189

National Immunization Program, 126

NEDSS, 61

NETSS, 60-61, 64

partner services guidelines, 63

PHIN-compliant systems, 64, 70

prevention and control recommendations of, 30

resource allocation for services, 5-6, 14, 15, 16-17, 26, 42, 54, 126-127, 148-150, 151, 152, 153, 175, 183, 186, 192



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