TABLE 3-3 Health and Other Non-GHG Damages from a Series of Gasoline and Diesel Fuels Used in Light-Duty Automobilesa

 

2005

2030

5th and 95th Percentile Rangeb (Cents/VMT)

Population-adjusted Mean (Cents/VMT)

Population-adjusted Mean (Cents/gge)c

5th and 95th Percentile Rangeb (Cents/VMT)

Population-adjusted Mean (Cents/VMT)

Conventional gasoline (SI, petroleum)

0.34-5.07

1.34

29.02

0.43-4.87

1.35

Conventional gasoline (SI, tar sands)

0.35-5.36

1.35

29.26

0.45-4.99

1.36

Reformulated gasoline (SI, petroleum)

0.35-5.12

1.38

29.83

0.45-4.87

1.35

Reformulated gasoline (SI, tar sands)

0.35-5.40

1.39

30.07

0.45-4.99

1.36

Reformulated gasoline (SIDI, petroleum)

0.33-4.89

1.32

32.68

0.45-4.96

1.37

Reformulated gasoline (SIDI, tar sands)

0.33-5.14

1.33

32.92

0.45-5.09

1.38

CIDI using low-sulfur diesel

0.30-7.57

1.49

38.65

0.40-4.22

1.19

CIDI using Fischer-Tropsch diesel

0.41-7.77

1.80

46.65

0.58-5.48

1.61

aCosts are in 2007 USD.

bFrom the distribution of results for all counties in the 48 contiguous states in the United States.

cCents/gallon of gasoline equivalent, calculated by multiplying average miles per gallon by per VMT damages. This calculation will therefore show highest damages for the most fuel-efficient vehicles. Costs are in 2007 USD.

ABBREVIATIONS: GHG = greenhouse gas; VMT = vehicle miles traveled; gge = gasoline gallon equivalent; SI = spark ignition; SIDI = spark ignition, direct injection; CIDI = compression ignition, direct injection.



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