H
General Aviation Questionnaire

The following excerpt from the NAOMS Reference Report (Battelle, 2007) introduces the general aviation questionnaire, which is reprinted here.

NAOMS began interviewing general aviation (GA) pilots on August 7th, 2002. The approach used for GA pilot interviews was quite similar to that used for air carrier (AC) pilots. The questionnaire consisted of four sections that corresponded with the general topics covered in the air carrier questionnaire: Section A addressed pilot qualifications and experience; Section B addressed safety events; Section C addressed a specific focus topic (weather-related issues); and Section D offered pilots an opportunity to provide feedback on the interview process and the questionnaire. This appendix contains a copy of the GA questionnaire.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 106
H General Aviation Questionnaire The following excerpt from the NAOMS Reference Report (Battelle, 2007) introduces the general aviation questionnaire, which is reprinted here. NAOMS began interviewing general aviation (GA) pilots on August 7th, 2002. The approach used for GA pilot interviews was quite similar to that used for air carrier (AC) pilots. The questionnaire consisted of four sections that corresponded with the general topics covered in the air carrier questionnaire: Section A addressed pilot qualifications and experience; Section B addressed safety events; Section C addressed a specific focus topic (weather-related is - sues); and Section D offered pilots an opportunity to provide feedback on the interview process and the questionnaire. This appendix contains a copy of the GA questionnaire. 0

OCR for page 106
0 APPENDIX H Appendix 12: General Aviation Questionnaire INTRODUCTION: Hello, I’m (NAME) calling for NASA. We sent you a letter a few days ago to tell you about the National Aviation Operations Monitoring Service project that NASA is conducting. SQ1. Did you receive the letter? NO .................................(READ SCRIPT)..................................... 0 YES ................................(SKIP TO SQ2)...................................... 1 SCRIPT: I’m sorry. Let me read to you what it says. The purpose of this project is to provide reliable safety data for improving aviation safety. We randomly selected pilots from the pilot registry to participate in this interview. The interview will only take about 30 minutes. The anonymous information you provide will be combined with information submitted by about 10,000 other general aviation pilots. Your participation is entirely voluntary. The information you provide will be held in complete confidence. NASA will not retain any record of your identity, or link your name to your answers in any way. SQ2. Before beginning, first let me check your recent NO ..................(SKIP TO TERMINATION SCRIPT)...................... 0 YES ............................................................................................... 1 flight experience against our survey requirements. Have you flown as a pilot or co-pilot logging hours on an airplane or in a helicopter during the last 60 days? Please do not include non-powered aircraft, military or ultra-light flying. (Note to interviewers: “co-pilot logging hours means that you flew as a co-pilot and logged hours in your official FAA logbook.”) TERMINATION SCRIPT: I’m sorry, but we are only interviewing pilots who have flown in the last 60 days. NASA would like to thank you for your time. Goodbye. TERMINATE INTERVIEW SQ3. The interview may be monitored by my supervisor NO ............. (FILL OUT CALL BACK INFORMATION) ................. 0 for quality control purposes. Is this a good time to YES ............................ (PROCEED TO A1) .................................. 1 proceed? TIME BEGUN ................ (MILITARY)................. : (FILLS) INTERVIEWER: DATE OF INTERVIEW IS BEING RECORDED AS (START DATE). IS THIS THE CORRECT DATE: NO.................(RECORD DATE OF INTERVIEW)................0 YES .......................................................................................1 START DATE ....................................... / / MONTH DAY YEAR ........................................................................................................... START DATE = 60 DAYS BEFORE END DATE END DATE............................................ / / MONTH DAY YEAR (FILLS) END DATE = DAY BEFORE DAY OF INTERVIEW 134

OCR for page 106
0 AN ASSESSMENT OF NASA’S NATIONAL AVIATION OPERATIONS MONITORING SERVICE General Aviation Questionnaire Section A: Background Questions 135

OCR for page 106
0 APPENDIX H SECTION A: BACKGROUND QUESTIONS INTRODUCTION: The first few questions are about your general flying experience. A1 Do you hold an A.T.P certificate or instrument rating? NO .................................................................................................0 YES ...............................................................................................1 ATP=AIRLINE TRANSPORT PILOT RF..................................................................................................7 DK............................................... ..................................................8 A. Are you I.F.R current? NO .................................................................................................0 YES ...............................................................................................1 NOTE: IFR = Instrument Flight Rules RF..................................................................................................7 DK............................................... ..................................................8 During your life, approximately how many hours in A2 TOTAL HOURS DURING LIFE ..................... , total have you flown as a pilot? Include all types of RF.........................................................................................99 997 flying including FAR part 121 air carrier, military service, DK.........................................................................................99 998 and ultralight flying. INTRODUCTION: The rest of the questions will refer to 60 days prior to today. Whenever I say the “last 60 days,” I am referring to the period from (START DATE) through (END DATE). Also, for all these questions, I will be asking you about events when you flew as a pilot in command or copilot logging hours in your official FAA logbook under FAR Part 121, Part 135 or Part 91. First I would like to ask a few questions about the type of flying you have done in the last 60 days. During the last 60 days, how many hours did you fly as A3. TOTAL HOURS FLOWN LAST 60 DAYS ................... a pilot or copilot under FAR Part 121, Part 135, or Part NO HOURS(TERMINATE INTERVIEW, CODE “NOT ELIGIBLE” 91? IIF HOURS IN A3 ARE ABOVE 300 ASK A. OTHER RESPONSES SKIP TO A4 A. I’d just like to verify. You said you flew (# HOURS NO (ASK B) ......................................... 0 YES .......................................(SKIP TO A4) ................................ 1 A3) hours during the last 60 days. Is this correct? RF..........................................(SKIP TO A4) ................................ 7 DK..........................................(SKIP TO A4) ................................ 8 During the last 60 days, how many hours did you B. # HOURS..................................................................... fly? NOTE TO INTERVIEWER: AS A PILOT OR RF............................................................................................. 997 COPILOT UNDER FAR PART 121, PART 135 OR DK............................................................................................. 998 PART 91. A4 How many of these (HOURS IN A3) hours did you fly as # OF HOURS FAR PART 121..................................... an airplane pilot or copilot under FAR Part 121? RF............................................................................................. 997 DK............................................... ..............................................998 HOURS CANNOT EXCEED HOURS IN A3. A5 How many of these (HOURS IN A3) hours did you fly as # HOURS UNDER FAR 135........................................ an pilot or copilot under FAR Part 135? RF............................................................................................. 997 DK............................................... ..............................................998 HOURS CANNOT EXCEED HOURS IN A3 MINUS A4. IF >0, ASK A. OTHERS SKIP TO A6. A. Of the (HOUR IN A5) hours flown under Part 135, # HOURS FAR 135 AIRPLANE................................... how many were flown on fixed wing airplanes? RF............................................................................................. 997 DK............................................... ..............................................998 HOURS CANNOT EXCEED HOURS IN A5. IF = A5, SKIP TO A6. IF OCR for page 106
0 AN ASSESSMENT OF NASA’S NATIONAL AVIATION OPERATIONS MONITORING SERVICE B. Of the (HOUR IN A5) hours flown under Part 135, # HOURS FAR 135 HELICOPTER ............................. how many were flown on helicopters? RF............................................................................................. 997 DK............................................... ..............................................998 HOURS CANNOT EXCEED HOURS IN A5 MINUS A5A. A6 How many of these (HOURS IN A3) hours did you fly as # HOURS UNDER FAR 91.......................................... a pilot or copilot under FAR Part 91? RF............................................................................................. 997 DK............................................... ..............................................998 HOURS CANNOT EXCEED HOURS IN A3 MINUS SUM (A4 PLUS A5). IF >0, ASK A. OTHERS SKIP TO A6. A. Of the (HOUR IN A65) hours flown under Part 91, # HOURS FAR 91 AIRPLANE..................................... how many were flown on fixed wing airplanes? RF............................................................................................. 997 DK............................................... ..............................................998 HOURS CANNOT EXCEED HOURS IN A6. IF = A6, SKIP TO A7. IF 0, READ: During the last 60 days you # OF LEGS/TAKEOFFS PART 121 ............................ mentioned you flew (# HOUR A4) hours as an RF............................................................................................. 997 airplane pilot or copilot under FAR Part 121. DK............................................................................................. 998 How many flights or legs did you experience as a pilot or copilot during this period? A8 IF A5A > 0, READ: During the last 60 days you # PART 135 AIRPLANE TAKEOFFS .......................... mentioned you flew (# HOUR A5A) hours as an RF............................................................................................. 997 airplane pilot or copilot under FAR Part 135. How DK............................................................................................. 998 many takeoffs did you experience as an airplane pilot or copilot during this period? IF A8 BLANK OR 0, SKIP TO A9. A. Of these (# TAKEOFFS A8) flights, how many # PART 135 AIRPLANE FLIGHTS NIGHT.................. occurred during night time conditions? RF............................................................................................. 997 DK............................................................................................. 998 MUST BE EQUAL TO OR LESS THAN A8 B. Of these (# TAKEOFFS A8) flights, how many # PART 135 AIRPLANE FLIGHTS LONG................... were at least 50 nautical miles long? RF............................................................................................. 997 DK............................................................................................. 998 MUST BE EQUAL TO OR LESS THAN A8 A9 IF A5B > 0, READ: During the last 60 days you # PART 135 HELICOPTER TAKEOFFS ..................... mentioned you flew (# HOUR A5A) hours as a RF............................................................................................. 997 helicopter pilot or copilot under FAR Part 135. How DK............................................................................................. 998 many takeoffs did you experience as a helicopter pilot or copilot during this period? IF A9 BLANK OR 0, SKIP TO A10. 137

OCR for page 106
 APPENDIX H A. Of these (# TAKEOFFS A9) flights, how many # PART 135 HELICOPTER FLIGHTS NIGHT............. occurred during night time conditions? RF............................................................................................. 997 DK............................................................................................. 998 MUST BE EQUAL TO OR LESS THAN A9 B. Of these (# TAKEOFFS A9) flights, how many # PART 135 HELICOPTER FLIGHTS LONG.............. were at least 50 nautical miles long? RF............................................................................................. 997 DK............................................................................................. 998 MUST BE EQUAL TO OR LESS THAN A9 A10 D. IF A6A > 0, READ: During the last 60 days you # OF TAKEOFFS PART 91 AIRPLANE ...................... mentioned you flew (# HOUR A5A) hours as an RF............................................................................................. 997 airplane pilot or copilot under FAR Part 91. How many DK............................................................................................. 998 takeoffs did you experience as an airplane pilot or IF A10 BLANK OR 0, SKIP TO A11. copilot during this period? A. Of these (# TAKEOFFS A10) flights, how many # PART 91 AIRPLANE FLIGHTS NIGHT.................... occurred during night time conditions? RF............................................................................................. 997 DK............................................................................................. 998 MUST BE EQUAL TO OR LESS THAN A10 B. Of these (# TAKEOFFS A9) flights, how many # PART 135 AIRPLANE FLIGHTS LONG................... were at least 50 nautical miles long? RF............................................................................................. 997 DK............................................................................................. 998 MUST BE EQUAL TO OR LESS THAN A10 A11 IF A6B > 0, READ: During the last 60 days you # OF TAKEOFFS PART 91 HELICOPTER ................. mentioned you flew (# HOUR A5A) hours as a RF............................................................................................. 997 helicopter pilot or copilot under FAR Part 91. How DK............................................................................................. 998 many takeoffs did you experience as a helicopter pilot IF A11 BLANK OR 0, SKIP TO A12. or copilot during this period? A. Of these (# TAKEOFFS A10) flights, how many # PART 91 HELICOPTER FLIGHTS NIGHT............... occurred during night time conditions? RF............................................................................................. 997 DK............................................................................................. 998 MUST BE EQUAL TO OR LESS THAN A11 B. Of these (# TAKEOFFS A9) flights, how many # PART 135 HELICOPTER FLIGHTS LONG.............. were at least 50 nautical miles long? RF............................................................................................. 997 DK............................................................................................. 998 MUST BE EQUAL TO OR LESS THAN A11 A12 ASK ONLY IF A1 = YES. During the last 60 days, # FILED IFR FLIGHT PLAN .............................................. for how many flights did you file an I.F.R flight RF................................................................................................... 997 plan? DK .................................................................................................. 998 FLIGHTS CANNOT EXCEED SUM OF (A8+A9+A10+A11) 138

OCR for page 106
 AN ASSESSMENT OF NASA’S NATIONAL AVIATION OPERATIONS MONITORING SERVICE INSTRUCTION: REVIEW A1, A2 AND A3, THEN FOLLOW THE FIRST INSTRUCTION THAT APPLIES. IF A1 HIGHEST, FOLLOW AIRPLANE ROUTE. IF A2 HIGHEST, FOLLOW AIR CARRIER ROUTE. IF A3 HIGHEST, FOLLOW HELICOPTER ROUTE. IF ANY TWO OR THREE ARE EQUAL, FOLLOW ROUTES IN FOLLOWING PRIORITY: O HELICOPTER O AIRPLANE O AIR CARRIER OR ANY OTHER ORDER WE WOULD PREFER! INTRODUCTION: You mentioned that during the last 60 days you flew (# HOURS DECIDED FROM ABOVE) hours flying as (an airplane/a helicopter) pil ot or copilot under FAR (Part 135/Part 91/Part 135 and Part 91). For the rest of the interview, I will be asking you about your expe riences flying (airplanes/helicopters) during this period of time. A13 AIRPLANES AND HELICOPTERS During the last 60 days, did you fly an airplane engaged in FAR . Part 135 or Part 91 air carrier operations in any of the following capacities (READ CATEGORIES)? YES NO RF DK a. as a captain or pilot in command........................... 1 0 7 8 b. as a copilot or first officer ...................................... 1 0 7 8 c. as an instructor pilot .............................................. 1 0 7 8 d. in any other capacity ............................................. 1 0 7 8 (ASK 1) 1. What was that capacity? SPECIFY SPECIFY:_______________________________________ A14. I am now going to read a list of different types COL I. of general aviation flying. Please tell me if Approximately you engaged in any of these types of flying how many during the last 60 days. Did you undertake hours would any (airplane/helicopter) flights (READ you say was CATEGORIES)? devoted to YES (BOLD WORDS (ASK IN A9a-g)? NO RF DK COL I.) for flight instruction as the a. instructor ............................................... (NOTE: INCLUDES CHECKOUT FLIGHTS) 0 1 7 8 for flight instruction as the student ..... b. (NOTE: INCLUDES CHECKOUT FLIGHTS) 0 1 7 8 for corporate transportation as a c. pilot employee of a corporate flight department .............................................. (NOTE: DOES NOT INCLUDE CHARTER FLIGHTS) 0 1 7 8 for you to support your own d. business................................................. 0 1 7 8 139

OCR for page 106
 APPENDIX H in aircraft owned or operated by e. government entities, sometimes called public use flights ........................... 0 1 7 8 flights with revenue passengers? f. (NOTE: THIS MEANS PAYING PASSENGERS WHO ARE ON THE AIRCRAFT) ................................................... 0 1 7 8 flights that carried only cargo or g. freight and did not carry revenue passengers? .......................................... 0 1 7 8 for transporting patients or critical f. medical products such as organs for transplant or blood .................................. 0 1 7 8 for recreation or personal g. transportation not associated with business .................................................. 0 1 7 8 h. for any other purpose (SPECIFY) ............ 0 1 7 8 SPECIFY VERBATIM: ___________________________________________ A15. Please tell me all of the (airplane/helicopter) makes and models you flew as a pilot or copilot during the last 60 days. RECORD VERBATIM. LIST ALL MODELS THEN ASK COL I. AND II. FOR EACH. COL III COL I. COL II. Is this an During the last 60 How many engines experimental days, how many does this aircraft airplane? hours you fly the have? (MAKE/MODEL)? MAKE/MODEL (RECORD VERBATIM) 1st ______________________________ YES NO RF DK 2nd ______________________________________ YES NO RF DK 3rd ______________________________________ YES NO RF DK 4th YES NO RF DK ______________________________________ 5th ______________________________ YES NO RF DK 6th ______________________________ YES NO RF DK A16 (AIRPLANE ONLY) During the last 60 days, how HOURS FLY EXPERIMENTAL ............... many hours did you fly an experimental airplane? RF……….(SKIP TO a14)………….997 DK…..…..(SKIP TO A14)………….998 A. What was the make and model of the RECORD MAKE/MODEL experimental airplane? 140

OCR for page 106
 AN ASSESSMENT OF NASA’S NATIONAL AVIATION OPERATIONS MONITORING SERVICE General Aviation Questionnaire Section B: Safety Related Events 141

OCR for page 106
 APPENDIX H SECTION B: SAFETY RELATED EVENTS INTRODUCTION: My next set of questions are about safety related events. Just as a reminder, I’d like you to report only events that you experienced flying under FAR Part 135 or Part 91 on (an airplane/a helicopter) on which you were a pilot or copilot. The first questions are about equipment-related events. ER1. How many times during the last 60 days did # EQUIPMENT PROBLEMS ........................................ (an airplane/a helicopter) on which you were a IF 0, SHIP TO ER2. pilot or copilot divert to an alternate airport or return to land because of (an airplane/ a helicopter) equipment problem? RECORD MAKE/MODEL A. ASK ONLY IF MORE THAN ONE MAKE/ MODEL IN A10. Which (airplane/helicopter) experienced this equipment problem? Was it (READ A10 MAKE/MODEL LIST). SPECIFY: B. What systems caused the diversion or return to land? AIRPLANES ONLY ER2-A I am going to read a list of possible airplane malfunctions or failures. For each one, please tell me how many times during the last 60 days an in-flight airplane on which you were a pilot or copilot experienced any of these malfunctions or failures. If a piece of equipment does not apply, please answer “not applicable” rather than “zero”. How many times did you experience (READ QUESTIONS): A. Uncommanded movements of the speedbrakes? # SPEEDBRAKERS ..................................................... IF 0, SKIP TO B. 1. ASK ONLY IF MORE THAN ONE MAKE/ MODEL IN A10. Which aircraft experienced this malfunction? SPECIFY MAKE/MODEL: Was it (READ A10 MAKE/MODEL LIST)? B. Uncommanded movements of the trim tabs? # TRIM TABS................................................................ IF 0, SKIP TO C. 1. ASK ONLY IF MORE THAN ONE MAKE/MODEL IN A10. Which aircraft experienced this malfunction? SPECIFY MAKE/MODEL: Was it (READ A10 MAKE/MODEL LIST)? 142

OCR for page 106
 AN ASSESSMENT OF NASA’S NATIONAL AVIATION OPERATIONS MONITORING SERVICE C. Uncommanded movements of the flaps? # FLAPS ....................................................................... IF 0, SKIP TO D. 1. ASK ONLY IF MORE THAN ONE MAKE/MODEL IN A10. SPECIFY MAKE/MODEL: Which aircraft experienced this malfunction? Was it (READ A10 MAKE/MODEL LIST D. Failure of the trim system to operate? # TRIM .......................................................................... IF 0, SKIP TO E. 1. ASK ONLY IF MORE THAN ONE MAKE/MODEL IN A10. SPECIFY MAKE/MODEL: Which aircraft experienced this failure? Was it (READ A10 MAKE/MODEL LIST)? # GEAR......................................................................... E. Failure of the landing gear to extend or retract? IF 0, SKIP TO F. 1. ASK ONLY IF MORE THAN ONE MAKE/MODEL IN A10. Which aircraft experienced this failure? Was it SPECIFY MAKE/MODEL: (READ A10 MAKE/MODEL LIST)? # FLAPS IN OR OUT.................................................... F. Failure of the flaps to extend or retract? IF 0, SKIP TO G. 1. ASK ONLY IF MORE THAN ONE MAKE/MODEL IN A10. Which aircraft experienced this failure? Was it SPECIFY MAKE/MODEL: (READ A10 MAKE/MODEL LIST)? G. Did you experience a malfunction or failure of YES................................................................................................1 NO .................................... (SKIP TO ER3)....................................0 any other aircraft device or system during the RF ..................................... (SKIP TO ER3)....................................7 last 60 days? DK..................................... (SKIP TO ER3)....................................8 NA ...................................... (SKIP TO ER3)....................................9 Which aircraft experienced this malfunction or failure? Was it (READ A10 MAKE/MODEL SPECIFY MAKE/MODEL: LIST)? Which device or system malfunctioned or failed? SPECIFY: __________________________________________________________________________________________ 143

OCR for page 106
 AN ASSESSMENT OF NASA’S NATIONAL AVIATION OPERATIONS MONITORING SERVICE 7. Did you obtain pre-flight weather YES ...............................................................................................1 information in some other way? NO ..................................... (SKIP TO C2).....................................0 RF ...................................... (SKIP TO C2).....................................7 DK...................................... (SKIP TO C2).....................................8 a. How did you obtain the weather SPECIFY: information? C2. IF ONLY ONE QUESTION ANSWERED IN COMMERCIAL NOT SPECIFIC TO AVAITION C1A1-7, SKIP TO C2A. COMMERCIAL SPECIFIC TO AVIATION You said you used the following pre flight COMPANY PROVIDED weather information sources in the last 60 days (LIST ITEMS CODED ONE OR DUATS OR OTHER COMPUTER ACCESSED HIGHER IN C1A1-7. Which did you use most PRE-RECORDED FLIGHT SERVICE STATION recently? VERBAL FAA BREIFING OTHER RF DK A. How understandable was the Not at all understandable...............................................................1 weather information you received Slightly understandable ................ ................................................2 Moderately understandable .......... ................................................3 most recently from (SOURCE Very understandable .................... ................................................4 LISTED IN C2)? Would you say it Extremely understandable............ ................................................5 was [READ OPTIONS]? RF ................................................. ................................................7 DK................................................. ................................................8 . B. How accurate was that weather Not at all accurate..........................................................................1 information you received most Slightly accurate ........................... ................................................2 Moderately accurate ..................... ................................................3 recently from (SOURCE LISTED IN Very accurate ............................... ................................................4 C2) in relation to the weather Extremely accurate....................... ................................................5 conditions you encountered during RF ................................................. ................................................7 flight? Would you say the information DK................................................. ................................................8 was [READ OPTIONS]? C. How much time elapsed between HOURS ...........…………………………………………….. your most recent weather briefing and the time of takeoff? MINUTES… ………………………………………………. C3 In which state or states do you primarily fly? STATE 1: STATE 2: INTERVIEWER: RECORD UP TO STATE 3: 3 STATES USING 2-DIGIT STATE CODE OTHER (RECORD) LISTED BELOW. IF PILOT GIVES OTHER TYPE OF ANSWER (E.G., “NORTHEAST,” RECORD. 163

OCR for page 106
 APPENDIX H C4. As a reminder, we are still only asking about # TAKEOFFS UNDER VFR.......................................... events that you experienced flying under CANNOT BE GREATER THAN A5A+A6A FOR AIRPLANE OR FAR Part 135 or Part 91 as (an airplane/a A5B AND A6B FOR HELICOPTER helicopter) pilot or copilot (Of the [# in A5A+A6A FOR AIRPLANE OR A5B AND A6B FOR HELICOPTER] takeoffs you made during the last 60 days, how many of these flights were/Was the takeoff you made during the last 60 days) conducted under V.F.R flight rules? VFR = Visual Flight Rules: Visibility greater than 3 miles and ceiling greater than 1,000 feet above ground level C5. Do you, or your organization, apply pre-flight YES ...............................................................................................1 V.F.R weather minimums that are more NO ..................................... (SKIP TO C6).....................................0 RF ...................................... (SKIP TO C6).....................................7 conservative than those required by the DK...................................... (SKIP TO C6).....................................8 F.A.A? INTERVIEWER: IF PILOT MENTIONS IFR HERE, LET HIM/HER KNOW WILL BE GETTING TO IFR LATER IN THE INTERVIEW. A. Under those more conservative MILES VFR MIN VISIBILITY ........................................ weather minimums, what is the minimum number of miles of visibility you or your organization require? B. Under those more conservative FEET VFR MIN CEILING ............................................ weather minimums, what is the minimum ceiling in feet that you or your organization require? INTRODUCTION: My next questions are about the weather related issues during the flights. C6. Earlier in the interview, you indicated you made # LOST DUE TO WEATHER .... ……………………….. [# TAKEOFFS IN A5A+A6A FOR AIRPLANE CANNOT BE GREATER THAN A5+A6 IF 0, SKIP TO C7. OR A5B AND A6B FOR HELICOPTER] takeoffs as (an airplane/a helicopter) pilot or copilot during the past 60 days. (On how many of these flights/On that flight) did poor weather result in you loosing track of your position? A. (For that time/For the most recent time that VISIBILITY IN MILES …………………………………. happened), what was the visibility in miles? NEED TO ADD DECIMAL C7. (In how many of the [# TAKEOFFS IN A5A+A6A FOR AIRPLANE OR A5B AND A6B # TIMES SPATIAL DISORIENTATION ……………… FOR HELICOPTER] flights did you experience CANNOT BE GREATER THAN A5A+A6A FOR AIRPLANE OR spatial disorientation from poor visibility due to A5B AND A6B FOR HELICOPTER. weather?/On the one flight you made during IF 0, SKIP TO C8. the last 60 days, did you experience spatial disorientation from poor visibility due to weather?) 164

OCR for page 106
 AN ASSESSMENT OF NASA’S NATIONAL AVIATION OPERATIONS MONITORING SERVICE A. For (that/the most recent) event, what was VISIBILITY IN MILES …………………………………. the estimated visibility in miles? NEED TO ADD DECIMAL B. (How many occurred at night?/Did that # SPATIAL DISORIENTATION AT NIGHT……………. flight occur at night? CANNOT BE GREATER THAN C7. C8 During the last 60 days, (on how many of the [# # INADVERTENT IMC.................................................. TAKEOFFS IN A5A+A6A FOR AIRPLANE OR CANNOT BE GREATER THAN A5A+A6A FOR AIRPLANE OR A5B AND A6B FOR HELICOPTER] flights) A5B AND A6B FOR HELICOPTER. how many times did you inadvertently enter IF 0, SKIP TO C9. instrument meteorological conditions or I.M.C while on a VFR flight? IMC = Instrument meteorological conditions: Visibility less than 3 miles and/or cloud ceiling less than 1,000 feet above ground level VFR = Visual Flight Rules: Visibility greater than 3 miles and ceiling greater than 1,000 feet above ground level A. (How many times did this/Did this) occur at # IMC AT NIGHT………………………………………. night CANNOT BE GREATER THAN C8. B. How did you resolve [that/the most recent] Ask for A.T.C help without declaring an emergency. Ask for A.T.C help and declare an emergency. inadvertent I.M.C problem? Did you (READ Reverse course ANSWERS)? Climb Descend File IFR Do something else (RECORD)__________________________ RF DK C9 (On how many of the [# TAKEOFFS IN # GO AROUND ............................................................ A5A+A6A FOR AIRPLANE OR A5B AND A6B FOR HELICOPTER] flights/On the one flight CANNOT BE GREATER THAN A5A+A6A FOR AIRPLANE OR you conducted during the last 60 days) did A5B AND A6B FOR HELICOPTER. weather conditions result in you conducting a IF 0, SKIP TO C10. go-around or missed approach on landing? A. How many were/Was this) due to due to # GO AROUND VIS...................................................... poor visibility? CANNOT BE GREATER THAN C9. B. How many were/Was this) due to high # GO AROUND WINDS ............................................... winds? CANNOT BE GREATER THAN C9. C10 (On how many of the [# TALKEOFFS IN # LAND DUE TO WEATHER ....................................... A5A+A6A FOR AIRPLANE OR A5B AND A6B FOR HELICOPTER] flights/On the one flight) you conducted during the last 60 days, how many times did worsening weather conditions result in you diverting to an alternative landing site? 165

OCR for page 106
 APPENDIX H RECEIVE AN UPDATED INFLIGHT WEATHER BRIEFING A. On the most recent/On that) flight how did FROM A FLIGHT SERVICE STATION (ALL METHODS). you determine that the weather was OBSERVE THE WEATHER DIRECTLY FROM COCKPIT. worsening? Did you (READ ANSWERS)? OBTAIN PILOT REPORTS FROM OTHER PILOTS USING FLIGHT WATCH DO SOMETHING ELSE (RECORD) _________________________________________________ The following questions are for VFR rated pilots only (Determined from question A1=no) All other skip to C15. C11 My next questions are about instrument flying # VFR ON TOP............................................................. you may have conducted. Now I’m going to ask a few questions about instrument flying you may have conducted as (an airplane/a CANNOT BE GREATER THAN A5A+A6A FOR AIRPLANE OR A5B AND A6B FOR HELICOPTER helicopter) pilot or copilot over the last 60 days. (On how many of the [# TAKEOFFS IN A5A+A6A FOR AIRPLANE OR A5B AND A6B FOR HELICOPTER] flights /On the one flight you conducted) did you find yourself flying V.F.R over a cloud deck sometimes called “V.F.R on top,” where you had to penetrate the cloud deck in order to land? VFR = Visual Flight Rules: Visibility greater than 3 miles and ceiling greater than 1,000 feet above ground level A. On the most recent/On that) flight how did ASK FOR ATC HELP WITHOUT DECLARING AN EMERGENCY. ASK FOR ATC HELP AND DECLARED AN you get through the cloud deck to land? EMERGENCY. DESCENDED THROUGH THE CLOUDS Did you (READ CATEGORIES)? WITHOUT CONTACTING ANYONE FILE IFR OR SOMETHING ELSE RECORD) _____________________________ C12 How many hours of instrument training have # HOURS OF INSTRUMENT TRAINING ........ ………. you received since you began to fly? C13 How many hours of training have you received # HOURS OF ACTUAL INSTRUMENT TRAINING ..... in actual I.M.C conditions (visibility less than three miles and/or ceiling less than 1,000 feet above ground level) since you began to fly? IMC = Instrument meteorological conditions: Visibility less than 3 miles and/or cloud ceiling less than 1,000 feet above ground level 166

OCR for page 106
0 AN ASSESSMENT OF NASA’S NATIONAL AVIATION OPERATIONS MONITORING SERVICE C14 How long ago was your last instrument training YEARS................................……………………………. session? MONTHS………………………………………………….. NOTE: THIS INCLUDES BIENNIAL FLIGHT REVIEWS DAYS……………………………………………………… The following questions are for IFR rated pilots only (Determined from question A1=yes) Other skip to D1 INTRODUCTION: My next questions are about instrument flying you may have conducted. Now I’m going to ask a few questions about instrument flying you may have conducted as (an airplane/a helicopter) pilot or copilot over the last 60 days. C15 (On how many of the [# TAKEOFFS IN IFR FLIGHT PLANS …………………………………….. A5A+A6A FOR AIRPLANE OR A5B AND CANNOT BE GREATER THAN A5A+A6A FOR AIRPLANE OR A6B FOR HELICOPTER] flights/On the A5B AND A6B FOR HELICOPTER one flight) did you file an I.F.R flight plan? IF 0, SKIP TO C16. IFR: = Instrument Flight Rules A. Of these [# FLIGHTS IN C15] flights, how #IMC CONDITIONS ……………………………………. . many had I.M.C conditions at least part of CANNOT BE GREATER THAN C15 the time?/Did this flight have I.M.C conditions at least part of the time?) IMC: = Instrument meteorological conditions: Visibility less than 3 miles and/or cloud ceiling less than 1,000 feet above ground level C16 Do you, or your organization, apply pre-flight YES ...............................................................................................1 I.F.R weather minimums that are more NO .................................... (SKIP TO C17)....................................0 RF ..................................... (SKIP TO C17)....................................7 conservative than that required by the DK..................................... (SKIP TO C17)....................................8 F.A.A? IFR= Instrument Flight Rules A. Under those more conservative I.F.R # IFR MILES VISIBILITY .............................................. weather minimums, what is the minimum number of miles of visibility you or your organization require? B. Under those conservative I.F.R weather # IFR IN FEET CEILING .............................................. minimums, what is the minimum ceiling NOTE—MAY NEED MORE BLOCKS in feet you require? 167

OCR for page 106
 APPENDIX H C17 IF C15 IS 0, SKIP TO C18. During the last flight you flew where you filed I.F.R, did the aircraft have (READ QUESTIONS)? A. Weather radar or thunderstorm detection YES ...............................................................................................1 NO ................................................ ................................................0 equipment? RF ................................................. ................................................7 DK................................................. ................................................8 B. Autopilot, including wing levelers? YES ...............................................................................................1 NO ................................................ ................................................0 RF ................................................. ................................................7 DK................................................. ................................................8 AIRPLANES ONLY YES ...............................................................................................1 NO ................................................ ................................................0 C. Anti-icing equipment that is approved for RF ................................................. ................................................7 flight in icing conditions? DK................................................. ................................................8 C18 (On how many of the [# FLIGHTS IN C15] # INSTRUMENT LANDING IMC .................................. flights/On the one flight) you conducted during ............................................................................................................ I the last 60 days, did you fly an instrument F 0, SKIP TO D1 approach to land in I.M.C.? IMC = Instrument meteorological conditions: CANNOT BE GREATER THAN C15 Visibility less than 3 miles and/or cloud ceiling less than 1,000 feet above ground level A. During the (last) flight where you flew an ILS instrument approach to landing in I.M.C VOR conditions, what type approach was flown? RNAV GPS LDA SDB NDB BACK COURSE ILS OTHER__________________________________________ B. During the (last) flight where you flew an # CEILING INSTRUMENT LANDING........................... instrument approach to landing in I.M.C DK conditions, what was the ceiling, in feet, during the approach? RF C. During the last flight where you flew an # VISIBILITY INSTRUMENT MILES ............................ instrument approach to landing in instrument meteorological conditions, what RVR (RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE) IN FEET ……………….. ... was the visibility during the approach in DK miles or RVR (NOTE: runway visual range) RF 168

OCR for page 106
 AN ASSESSMENT OF NASA’S NATIONAL AVIATION OPERATIONS MONITORING SERVICE C19 Just as a reminder, we are only asking about # INSTRUMENT PART 91 ........................................... events that you experienced flying under FAR IF 0, SKIP TO D1 Part 135 or Part 91 as (an airplane/ a helicopter) pilot or copilot. You indicated that you made [# FLIGHTS C18] flights on which you conducted an instrument approach to landing in IMC during the last 60 days. (How many of these approaches were/Was this approach) conducted under FAR part 91? C20 As you may know, the F.A.A currently allows pilots flying under FAR Part 91 to conduct instrument approaches, but not landings, when the weather conditions at the instrument approach landing facility is below landing minimums. A. Are you aware of these regulations? YES/NO/RF/DK B. You just indicated that you made [# # INSTRUMENT BELOW MIN ..................................... FLIGHTS C19] instrument approach[es] in I.M.C and under FAR part 91 during the last 60 days. (How many of those times DK did you fly the/Did you fly that) approach RF with the reported weather conditions below the minimums for that approach as allowed by the F.A.A? C. (On the most recent/On that) approach did YES ...............................................................................................1 NO ................................................ ................................................0 the airport have on-site weather reporting? RF ................................................. ................................................7 DK.................................................................................................... D. (During how many of those approaches/ # INSTRUMENT BELOW MIN LAND........................... During the approach) was the weather above minimums when you landed? 169

OCR for page 106
 APPENDIX H General Aviation Questionnaire Section D: Questionnaire Feedback 170

OCR for page 106
 AN ASSESSMENT OF NASA’S NATIONAL AVIATION OPERATIONS MONITORING SERVICE SECTION D: QUESTIONNAIRE FEEDBACK INTRODUCTION: I only have a couple more questions and these are about your reactions to the survey we have just done. D1. How confident are you that you accurately Not confident at all ..........................................................1 Slightly confident .............................................................2 counted all of the safety-related events that I Moderately confident .......................................................3 asked you about? Would you say you were Very confident .................................................................4 (READ QUESTIONS)? Extremely confident.........................................................5 RF ....................................................................................7 DK ....................................................................................8 D2. Were any of the questions I asked confusing, YES .............................................................................................1 NO...................................... (SKIP TO E3) ..................................0 poorly worded, or ambiguous? RF ...................................... (SKIP TO E3) ..................................7 DK ...................................... (SKIP TO E3) ..................................8 A. Could you please describe these question problems? RECORD VERBATIM. AT COMPLETION OF INTERVIEW, ENTER QUESTION NUMBER. QUESTION NUMBER RECORD VERBATIM D3. Are there any safety problems happening YES .............................................................................................1 NO...................................... (SKIP TO E4) ..................................0 within the national aviation system that I did RF ...................................... (SKIP TO E4) ..................................7 not ask about but that you think may be DK` ..................................... (SKIP TO E4) ..................................8 worth asking about in further surveys? A. What are these problems? SPECIFY: _______________________________________________________________________ Do you use the internet at home? D4. YES................................................................................................1 NO..................................................................................................0 RF ..................................................................................................7 DK ..................................................................................................8 171

OCR for page 106
 APPENDIX H D5. Do you have any other comments or suggestions about this survey? RECORD VERBATIM. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Again, thank you very much for your time and your help with this survey. Your input will help the aviation ENDINT industry a great deal to measure the level of safety in the aviation system and will be held in confidence. QUESTIONNAIRE LENGTH: QUESTIONNAIRE LENGTH (MINUTES) 172

OCR for page 106