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Priorities for the National Vaccine Plan
TABLE I-1 National Vaccine Plan Goals
Develop new and improved vaccines
Enhance the safety of vaccines and vaccination practices
Support informed vaccine decision making by the public, providers, and policy makers
Ensure a stable supply of recommended vaccines, and achieve better use of existing vaccines to prevent disease, disability, and death in the United States
Increase global prevention of death and disease through safe and effective vaccination
implementation of the responsibilities of the Director” and stated that the plan (which originally was to be updated annually)2 would
establish priorities in research and the development, testing, licensing, production, procurement, distribution, and effective use of vaccines, describe an optimal use of resources to carry out such priorities, and describe how each of the various departments and agencies will carry out their vaccine functions in consultation and coordination with the Program and in conformity with such priorities. (Public Law 99-660, Title XXI, Subtitle 1, Section 2103:3757)
The first National Vaccine Plan was issued in 1994. The plan was updated by NVPO in 2008 at the request of the Assistant Secretary for Health, and NVPO subsequently began to gather stakeholder input on the plan. As part of the process, NVPO asked the IOM to convene an ad hoc committee and gave the committee a two-part charge. The committee was asked to first “prepare a letter report on its review of the 1994 plan” and then to “hold workshops with national expert stakeholders in medicine, public health, and vaccinology to review a publicly available, draft update of the Plan” and prepare a “report with conclusions and recommendations about priority actions within the major components of the new draft plan” (see Box I-1).
The 1994 National Vaccine Plan had four goals: (1) to develop new and improved vaccines; (2) to ensure the optimal safety and effectiveness of vaccines and immunization; (3) to better educate the public and members of the health professions about the benefits and risks of immunizations; and (4) to achieve better use of existing vaccines to prevent disease, disability, and death (HHS, 1994). The plan also offered 26 objectives and more than 70 strategies for achieving those objectives. In addition, 14 anticipated
In 1998 the requirement for annual updates of the National Vaccine Plan was repealed by Public Law 105-362, Title VI, § 601(a)(1)(H), Nov. 10, 1998, 112 Stat. 3285.