panels, and was a member of the TRB Committee for a Study of Contracting Out Transit Services of the National Research Council (NRC). He chairs the National Transit Institute Board and serves on the Easter Seals–Project Action National Steering Committee, the TRB Executive Committee, and the Subcommittee on Planning and Policy Review. Mr. Barker earned a bachelor’s degree in engineering from Case Western Reserve University and a master’s degree in public administration from Cleveland State University.

Emil H. Frankel is the Director of Transportation Policy for the Bipartisan Policy Center in Washington, D.C., and an independent consultant on transportation policy and public management issues. He was Assistant Secretary for Transportation Policy of the U.S. Department of Transportation from 2002 to 2005, where he played a key role in the coordination and development of the administration’s proposal to reauthorize the federal highway, transit, and highway safety programs and provided policy leadership in such areas as intermodal freight transportation, reform of the nation’s intercity passenger rail system, transportation project financing, and the application of information technologies to transportation systems operations. Mr. Frankel was Commissioner of the Connecticut Department of Transportation from 1991 to 1995, responsible for managing an agency with more than 4,000 employees and an annual budget exceeding $1 billion. Previously, Mr. Frankel served as Special Assistant to the Under Secretary of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and as a Legislative Assistant to U.S. Senator Jacob K. Javits of New York. Mr. Frankel received his bachelor’s degree from Wesleyan University and his LLB from Harvard Law School, and he was a Fulbright Scholar at Manchester University in the United Kingdom. From 1981 to 1997 he was a Trustee of Wesleyan University, where he is now a Trustee Emeritus.

Edward A. “Ned” Helme is President and founder of the Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP). As an expert on climate and air policy, he advises members of Congress, state governments, the European Commission, and developing countries on these issues. Mr. Helme is the author of more than 50 key studies on climate change, air quality, electricity regulation, and transportation policy. With more than 25 years’ experience in climate

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