Searchinger, T., et al. 2008. Use of U.S. croplands for biofuels increases greenhouse gases through emissions from land-use changes. Science 19(5867):1238-1240. Available at http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/1151861.

Swenson, D. 2007. “Understanding Biofuels Economic Impact Claims.” Department of Economics Staff Report, Iowa State University. Available at www.econ.iastate.edu/research/webpapers/pa-per_12790.pdf.

Ugarte, D., et al. 2000. The Economic Impacts of Bioenergy Crop Production on U.S. Agriculture. Oak Ridge, TN: Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Available at www.usda.gov/oce/reports/en-ergy/AER816Bi.pdf.

Ugarte, D. G., and D. E. Ray. 2000. Biomass and bioenergy applications of the POLYSYS modeling framework. Biomass and Bioenergy 18(4):291-308.

Ugarte, D. G., et al. 1999. Assessment of Biodiesel Production Potential in the Southeast: Final Report. Southeast Regional Biomass Energy Program.

U.S. DOE and USDA (U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Department of Agriculture. 2009. Sustainability of Biofuels: Future Research Opportunities. Report from the October 2008 Workshop. Available at http://genomicsgtl.energy.gov/biofuels/sustainability/ [Accessed May 14, 2009].

Wackernagel, M., et al. 2002. Tracking the ecological overshoot of the human economy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 99(14):9266-9271. Available at www.pnas.org/content/99/14/9266.full.pdf.

Walsh, M., et al. 2003. Bioenergy crop production in the United States: potential quantities, land use changes, and economic impacts on the agricultural sector. Environmental and Resource Economics 24(4):313-333. Available at http://ideas.repec.org/a/kap/enreec/v24y2003i4p313-333.html.

Wang, M. 1999. GREET 1.5—Transportation Fuel Cycle Model. Volume 2: Appendices of Data and Results. Argonne, IL: Argonne National Laboratory, p. 208. Available at http://www.transportation.anl.gov/modeling_simulation/GREET/publications.html.

Wang, M., et al. 2007. “Life-cycle energy and greenhouse gas emission impacts of different corn ethanol plant types.” Environmental Research Letters (2): 024001.

Warner, E. S. 2009. Evaluating Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Models for Use in a Low Carbon Fuel Standard Policy. M.S. thesis. St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota. Available at conservancy. umn.edu/bitstream/50481/1/Warner,%20Ethan.pdf.

Zah, R., et al. 2007. Lifecycle Assessment of Energy Products: Environmental Assessment of Biofuels. Bern, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Office for Energy, Environment and Agriculture.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement