After 2019, total defense and domestic discretionary spending fluctuates slightly as a share of GDP in the study baseline (see Table F-1 in Appendix F). Correspondingly, spending also fluctuates slightly for Options 1-4, with the defense, domestic discretionary, and other mandatory

TABLE D-1 Defense, Domestic Discretionary, and Other Mandatory Spending, as a Percentage of GDP

Spending Category

2008

2019

Actual

Study Baseline

Option 1

Option 2

Option 3

Option 4

Defense

4.3

3.4

2.6

3.1

3.4

4.2

Domestic Discretionary

3.7

3.0

2.3

2.8

3.5

3.7

Other Mandatory

2.8

2.1

2.0

2.0

2.1

2.1

Total

10.8

8.5

6.9

7.9

9.0

10.0

TABLE D-2 Defense Spending, 2008-2019

Year

Baseline

Option 1

Option 2

Option 3

Option 4

In Billions of Dollars

2008a

609

NA

NA

NA

NA

2009

671

NA

NA

NA

NA

2010

734

NA

NA

NA

NA

2011

755

NA

NA

NA

NA

2012

717

692

707

717

775

2013

684

637

665

684

794

2014

670

601

643

670

812

2015

673

581

637

673

827

2016

683

566

637

683

842

2017

693

551

638

693

856

2018

705

536

639

705

869

2019

717

545

650

717

881

As a Percentage of GDP

2008a

4.3

NA

NA

NA

NA

2009

4.8

NA

NA

NA

NA

2010

5.1

NA

NA

NA

NA

2011

5.0

NA

NA

NA

NA

2012

4.5

4.4

4.5

4.5

4.9

2013

4.1

3.9

4.0

4.1

4.8

2014

3.9

3.5

3.7

3.9

4.7

2015

3.7

3.2

3.5

3.7

4.6

2016

3.7

3.0

3.4

3.7

4.5

2017

3.6

2.8

3.3

3.6

4.4

2018

3.5

2.7

3.2

3.5

4.3

2019

3.4

2.6

3.1

3.4

4.2

NOTE: NA = not applicable.

aActual spending.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement