TABLE D-3 Domestic Discretionary Spending, 2008-2019

Year

Baseline

Option 1

Option 2

Option 3

Option 4

In Billions of Dollars

2008a

524

NA

NA

NA

NA

2009

576

NA

NA

NA

NA

2010

640

NA

NA

NA

NA

2011

623

NA

NA

NA

NA

2012

584

564

577

640

644

2013

584

544

571

657

665

2014

589

528

570

672

685

2015

596

514

571

686

704

2016

610

505

577

699

722

2017

623

494

583

711

741

2018

634

481

586

723

758

2019

635

482

587

734

776

As a Percentage of GDP

2008a

3.7

NA

NA

NA

NA

2009

4.1

NA

NA

NA

NA

2010

4.4

NA

NA

NA

NA

2011

4.1

NA

NA

NA

NA

2012

3.7

3.6

3.7

4.1

4.1

2013

3.5

3.3

3.5

4.0

4.0

2014

3.4

3.1

3.3

3.9

4.0

2015

3.3

2.9

3.2

3.8

3.9

2016

3.3

2.7

3.1

3.7

3.9

2017

3.2

2.5

3.0

3.7

3.8

2018

3.1

2.4

2.9

3.6

3.8

2019

3.0

2.3

2.8

3.5

3.7

NOTE: NA = not applicable.

aActual spending.

categories; they have the same relative shares in 2020 and beyond as they did in 2019 (see Tables F-4, F-6, F-8, and F-10 in Appendix F).

DEVOLUTION POLICIES: OPTIONS 1 AND 2

The committee identified illustrative candidates for devolution and budget reduction by selecting from a list of federal grants to state and local governments (U.S. Office of Management and Budget, 2009). The committee’s candidates are in education, training, employment, and social services.

  • Indian education: supports the efforts of local educational agencies and tribal schools to improve teaching and learning for the nation’s Native American children



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