As a result of the committee’s extensive discussions, the committee decided to focus its findings on readjustment needs and gaps related to the conditions most frequently diagnosed in returning OEF and OIF active-duty personnel and veterans, such as PTSD and other mental health conditions, TBI, and social outcomes.


Chapter 2 presents the demographics of the OEF and OIF populations and provides an overview of the extent of the problem with regard to adverse outcomes. Inasmuch as there was incomplete information on the needs of military personnel returning from OEF and OIF and their family members, the committee believed it prudent to examine the needs of veterans who returned from other wars, particularly the Vietnam War, which are described in Chapter 3. Chapter 4 details the findings regarding adverse physical, mental, and social outcomes, the effects of deployment, issues specific to women and minorities, and planning for the long-term needs. Chapter 5 provides a summary of the current federal response to the needs of OEF and OIF active-duty military, veterans, and family members. Chapter 6 contains the committee’s findings and recommendations and discusses how it plans to accomplish its phase 2 tasks as described by the legislation. The report has two appendixes: Appendix A is a copy of the legislation directing the committee’s work, and Appendix B summarizes some of the issues raised at its meetings around the country.


American Psychological Association Presidential Task Force on Military Deployment Services for Youth, Families, and Servicemembers. 2007. The Psychological Needs of US Military Service Members and Their Families: A Preliminary Report. American Psychological Association. (accessed July 20, 2009).

IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2006. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Diagnosis and Assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

IOM. 2008a. Gulf War and Health: Volume 6. Physiologic, Psychologic, and Psychosocial Effects of Deployment-Related Stress. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

IOM. 2008b. Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: An Assessment of the Evidence. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

IOM. 2009. Gulf War and Health Volume 7: Long-Term Consequences of Traumatic Brain Injury. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Slone, L. B., A. S. Pomerantz, and M. J. Friedman. 2009. Vermont: A case history for supporting National Guard troops and their families. Psychiatric Annals 39(2):89-95.

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