Appendix D
Excerpts from 32 CFR § 199.6: Selected Subsections Regarding the Practice of Authorized Mental Health Providers Under TRICARE

  1. Other allied health professionals. The services of the following individual professional providers of care are coverable on a fee-for-service basis provided such services are otherwise authorized in this or other sections of this part.

  1. Clinical psychologist. For purposes of CHAMPUS, a clinical psychologist is an individual who is licensed or certified by the state for the independent practice of psychology and:

    1. Possesses a doctoral degree in psychology from a regionally accredited university; and

    2. Has had 2 years of supervised clinical experience in psychological health services of which at least 1 year is post-doctoral and 1 year (may be the post-doctoral year) is in an organized psychological health service training program; or

    3. As an alternative to paragraphs (c)(3)(iii)(A)(1) and (2) of this section [that is, as an alternative to the clauses above] is listed in the National Register of Health Service Providers in Psychology.

….

  1. Certified Clinical Social Worker. A clinical social worker may provide covered services independent of physician referral and supervision, provided the clinical social worker:



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Appendix D Excerpts from 32 CFR § 199.6: Selected Subsections Regarding the Practice of Authorized Mental Health Providers under TRICARE (iii) Other allied health professionals. The services of the following individual professional providers of care are coverable on a fee-for- service basis provided such services are otherwise authorized in this or other sections of this part. (A) Clinical psychologist. For purposes of CHAMPUS, a clinical psy- chologist is an individual who is licensed or certified by the state for the independent practice of psychology and: () Possesses a doctoral degree in psychology from a regionally accredited university; and () Has had 2 years of supervised clinical experience in psycho- logical health services of which at least 1 year is post-doctoral and 1 year (may be the post-doctoral year) is in an organized psychological health service training program; or () As an alternative to paragraphs (c)(3)(iii)(A)() and () of this section [that is, as an alternative to the clauses above] is listed in the National Register of Health Service Providers in Psychology. …. (F) Certified Clinical Social Worker. A clinical social worker may pro- vide covered services independent of physician referral and supervision, provided the clinical social worker: 

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 MEnTAL HEALTH CoUnSELInG SERVICES UnDER TRICARE () Is licensed or certified as a clinical social worker by the jurisdic- tion where practicing; or, if the jurisdiction does not provide for licensure or certification of clinical social workers, is certified by a national professional organization offering certification of clinical social workers; and () Has at least a master’s degree in social work from a graduate school of social work accredited by the Council on Social Work Education; and () Has had a minimum of 2 years or 3,000 hours of post-master’s degree supervised clinical social work practice under the super- vision of a master’s level social worker in an appropriate clinical setting, as determined by the Director, OCHAMPUS, or a designee. Note: Patients’ organic medical problems must receive appropriate con- current management by a physician. (G) Certified psychiatric nurse specialist. A certified psychiatric nurse specialist may provide covered care independent of physician referral and supervision. For purposes of CHAMPUS, a certified psychiatric nurse specialist is an individual who: () Is a licensed, registered nurse; and () Has at least a master’s degree in nursing from a regionally accredited institution with a specialization in psychiatric and mental health nursing; and () Has had at least 2 years of post-master’s degree practice in the field of psychiatric and mental health nursing, including an average of 8 hours of direct patient contact per week; or () Is listed in a CHAMPUS-recognized, professionally sanctioned listing of clinical specialists in psychiatric and mental health nursing. (iv) Extramedical individual providers. Extramedical individual pro- viders are those who do counseling or nonmedical therapy and whose training and therapeutic concepts are outside the medical field. The services of extramedical individual professionals are coverable following the CHAMPUS determined allowable charge methodology provided such services are otherwise authorized in this or other sections of the regulation.

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 APPEnDIx D (A) Certified marriage and family therapists. For the purposes of CHAMPUS, a certified marriage and family therapist is an individual who meets the following requirements: () Recognized graduate professional education with the minimum of an earned master’s degree from a regionally accredited edu- cational institution in an appropriate behavioral science field, mental health discipline; and () The following experience: (i) Either 200 hours of approved supervision in the prac- tice of marriage and family counseling, ordinarily to be completed in a 2- to 3-year period, of which at least 100 hours must be in individual supervision. This supervision will occur preferably with more than one supervisor and should include a continuous process of supervision with at least three cases; and (ii) 1,000 hours of clinical experience in the practice of mar- riage and family counseling under approved supervision, involving at least 50 different cases; or (iii) 150 hours of approved supervision in the practice of psychotherapy, ordinarily to be completed in a 2- to 3- year period, of which at least 50 hours must be individual supervision; plus at least 50 hours of approved individual supervision in the practice of marriage and family coun- seling, ordinarily to be completed within a period of not less than 1 nor more than 2 years; and (iv) 750 hours of clinical experience in the practice of psycho- therapy under approved supervision involving at least 30 cases; plus at least 250 hours of clinical practice in mar- riage and family counseling under approved supervision, involving at least 20 cases; and () Is licensed or certified to practice as a marriage and family therapist by the jurisdiction where practicing (see paragraph (c)(3)(iv)(D) of this section for more specific information regarding licensure); and () Agrees that a patients’ [sic] organic medical problems must receive appropriate concurrent management by a physician. …

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 MEnTAL HEALTH CoUnSELInG SERVICES UnDER TRICARE (B) Pastoral counselors. For the purposes of CHAMPUS, a pastoral counselor is an individual who meets the following requirements: () Recognized graduate professional education with the minimum of an earned master’s degree from a regionally accredited edu- cational institution in an appropriate behavioral science field, mental health discipline; and () The following experience: (i) Either 200 hours of approved supervision in the practice of pastoral counseling, ordinarily to be completed in a 2- to 3-year period, of which at least 100 hours must be in individual supervision. This supervision will occur prefer- ably with more than one supervisor and should include a continuous process of supervision with at least three cases; and (ii) 1,000 hours of clinical experience in the practice of pas- toral counseling under approved supervision, involving at least 50 different cases; or (iii) 150 hours of approved supervision in the practice of psychotherapy, ordinarily to be completed in a 2- to 3- year period, of which at least 50 hours must be individual supervision; plus at least 50 hours of approved individual supervision in the practice of pastoral counseling, ordinar- ily to be completed within a period of not less than 1 nor more than 2 years; and (iv) 750 hours of clinical experience in the practice of psycho- therapy under approved supervision involving at least 30 cases; plus at least 250 hours of clinical practice in pastoral counseling under approved supervision, involv- ing at least 20 cases; and () Is licensed or certified to practice as a pastoral counselor by the jurisdiction where practicing (see paragraph (c)(3)(iv)(D) of this section for more specific information regarding licensure); and () The services of a pastoral counselor meeting the above require- ments are coverable following the CHAMPUS determined allowable charge methodology, under the following specified conditions: (i) The CHAMPUS beneficiary must be referred for therapy by a physician; and

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 APPEnDIx D (ii) A physician is providing ongoing oversight and supervi- sion of the therapy being provided; and (iii) The pastoral counselor must certify on each claim for reimbursement that a written communication has been made or will be made to the referring physician of the results of the treatment. Such communication will be made at the end of the treatment, or more frequently, as required by the referring physician (refer to § 199.7). () Because of the similarity of the requirements for licensure, certification, experience, and education, a pastoral counselor may elect to be authorized under CHAMPUS as a certified marriage and family therapist, and as such, be subject to all previously defined criteria for the certified marriage and family therapist category, to include acceptance of the CHAMPUS determined allowable charge as payment in full, except for applicable deductibles and cost-shares (i.e., balance billing of a beneficiary above the allowable charge is prohibited; may not bill beneficiary for noncovered care). The pastoral counselor must also agree to enter into the same participation agreement as a certified marriage and family therapist with the Office of CHAMPUS within which the pastoral counselor agrees to all provisions including licensure, national association member- ship and conditions upon termination, outlined above for certified marriage and family therapist. Note: No dual status will be recognized by the Office of CHAMPUS. Pastoral counselors must elect to become one of the categories of extra- medical CHAMPUS providers specified above. Once authorized as either a pastoral counselor, or a certified marriage and family therapist, claims review and reimbursement will be in accordance with the criteria established for the elected provider category. (C) Mental health counselor. For the purposes of CHAMPUS, a mental health counselor is an individual who meets the following requirements: () Minimum of a master’s degree in mental health counseling or allied mental health field from a regionally accredited institu- tion; and

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 MEnTAL HEALTH CoUnSELInG SERVICES UnDER TRICARE () Two years of post-masters experience which includes 3000 hours of clinical work and 100 hours of face-to-face supervi- sion; and () Is licensed or certified to practice as a mental health counselor by the jurisdiction where practicing (see paragraph (c)(3)(iv)(D) of this section for more specific information); and () May only be reimbursed when: (i) The CHAMPUS beneficiary is referred for therapy by a physician; and (ii) A physician is providing ongoing oversight and supervi- sion of the therapy being provided; and (iii) The mental health counselor certifies on each claim for reimbursement that a written communication has been made or will be made to the referring physician of the results of the treatment. Such communication will be made at the end of the treatment, or more frequently, as required by the referring physician (refer to § 199.7). (D) The following additional information applies to each of the above categories of extramedical individual providers: These providers must also be licensed or certified to practice as a certi- fied marriage and family therapist, pastoral counselor or mental health counselor by the jurisdiction where practicing. In jurisdictions that do not provide for licensure or certification, the provider must be certified by or eligible for full clinical membership in the appropriate national professional association that sets standards for the specific profession. …. (2) Conditions of authorization— (i) Professional license requirement. The individual must be cur- rently licensed to render professional health care services in each state in which the individual renders services to CHAMPUS beneficiaries. Such license is required when a specific state provides, but does not require, license for a specific category of individual professional provider. The license must be at full clinical practice level to meet this requirement. A temporary license at the full clinical practice level is acceptable.

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 APPEnDIx D (ii) Professional certification requirement. When a state does not license a specific category of individual professional, certifica- tion by a Qualified Accreditation Organization, as defined in § 199.2, is required. Certification must be at full clinical prac- tice level. A temporary certification at the full clinical practice level is acceptable. (iii) Education, training and experience requirement. The Direc- tor, OCHAMPUS, or designee, may establish for each category or type of provider allowed by this paragraph (c) specific edu- cation, training, and experience requirements as necessary to promote the delivery of services by fully qualified individuals. (iv) Physician referral and supervision. When physician referral and supervision is a prerequisite for CHAMPUS cost-sharing of the services of a provider authorized under this paragraph (c), such referral and supervision means that the physicians must actually see the patient to evaluate and diagnose the condition to be treated prior to referring the beneficiary to another pro- vider and that the referring physician provides ongoing over- sight of the course of referral related treatment throughout the period during which the beneficiary is being treated in response to the referral. Written contemporaneous documentation of the referring physician’s basis for referral and ongoing communica- tion between the referring and treating provider regarding the oversight of the treatment rendered as a result of the referral must meet all requirements for medical records established by this part. Referring physician supervision does not require physical location on the premises of the treating provider or at the site of treatment. NOTE: Emphasis has been added to some text to delineate section headings.

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