published more than 100 scientific and medical papers, and has received numerous awards to highlight his achievements in these areas. He is the Editor-in-Chief of the World Heart Federation’s “White Book” on Impending Global Pandemic of CVD: Focus on Developing Countries and Economies in Transition (1999).

Dr. Ciro A. de Quadros has dedicated his career to freeing the world of infectious diseases, especially those that disproportionately affect the health and social development of the world’s poorer countries. A pioneer in developing effective strategies for surveillance and containment, Dr. de Quadros served as the World Health Organization’s (WHO’s) chief epidemiologist for smallpox eradication in Ethiopia in the 1970s. Following the global eradication of smallpox, he became the Director of the Division of Vaccines and Immunization for the Pan American Health Organization, for which he successfully directed efforts to eradicate poliomyelitis and measles from the Western Hemisphere. In 2003, Dr. de Quadros joined the Albert B. Sabin Vaccine Institute and at present is its Executive Vice-President. He is on faculty at the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health and the School of Medicine at George Washington University. He publishes and presents at conferences throughout the world and has received several international awards, including the 1993 Prince Mahidol Award of Thailand, the 2000 Albert B. Sabin Gold Medal, the Order of Rio Branco from his native Brazil, and, most recently, election into the national Institute of Medicine (IOM).

Dr. John W. Farquhar is Professor of Medicine and Health Research and Policy at the Stanford School of Medicine. In 1971 he began the Stanford Three Community Study, a controlled, comprehensive, community-based study of chronic disease prevention, followed by the Stanford Five City Project (1978-1995). The results and methods used in these studies have been disseminated worldwide. In 1992 he chaired the Victoria Declaration, which contained 64 policy recommendations for worldwide reduction of cardiovascular disease. He chaired the Advisory Board of the Catalonia Declaration (1997), the Singapore Declaration (2000), the Osaka Declaration (2001, member), and the Milan Declaration (2004, member). In 2002, he was a founding member of the International Heart Health Society, which provides policy guidance on international health. His research interests include disease prevention, epidemiology of cardiovascular diseases, community-based education for disease prevention, and international health. He is a member of various distinguished organizations, including the Institute of Medicine, the Society of Behavioral Medicine, and the National Forum for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention. Dr. Farquhar has authored more than 225 publications. He has received many honors related to his

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