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Appendix D Acronyms and Abbreviations ACC American College of Cardiology ACE angiotensin-converting enzyme ACTIVITY Advancing Cessation of Tobacco in Vulnerable Indian Tobacco Consuming Youth AHA American Heart Association AIDS aquired immune deficiency syndrome AIDSCAP AIDS Control and Prevention AIIMS All India Institute of Medical Sciences ALSPAC Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children AMI acute myocardial infarction BMI body mass index BP blood pressure BRFSS Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Study CABG coronary artery bypass graft CAD coronary artery disease CBV cerebrovascular CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CER cost-effectiveness ratio CGD Center for Global Development CHD coronary heart disease CHF congestive heart failure COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease CORIS Coronary Risk Factor Study
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COTPA Cigarette and Other Tobacco Products Act CTFK Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids CVD cardiovascular disease DALY disability-adjusted life year DoD Department of Defense DOTS Directly Observed Treatment Short ECG electrocardiogram EUROASPIRE European Action on Secondary Prevention by Intervention to Reduce Events EVIPNet Evidence-Informed Policy Network FAO Food and Agriculture Organization FCTC Framework Convention on Tobacco Control FDA Food and Drug Administration FHI Family Health International GDP gross domestic product GNI gross national income GSM Global System for Mobile Communications GYAT Global Youth Action on Tobacco GYM Global Youth Meet on Health GYTS Global Youth Tobacco Survey HAART highly active antiretroviral therapy HDL high-density lipoprotein HIV human immunodeficiency virus HMN Health Metrics Network HPA hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal HRIDAY–SHAN Health Related Information Dissemination Amongst Youth-Student Health Action Network IC Health Initiative for Cardiovascular Health Research in the Developing Countries ICER incremental cost-effectiveness ratio IFBA International Food and Beverage Alliance IFPMA International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufactureres and Associations IHD ischemic heart disease IHME Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation IMF International Monetary Fund
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IMPACT Implementing AIDS Prevention and Care IOM Institute of Medicine ISH International Society of Hypertension ISPOR International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research KBD Kick Butts Day LBW low birth weight LDL low-density lipoprotein M&E measurement and evaluation MAP Monitoring the AIDS Pandemic MCC Millennium Challenge Corporation MCH maternal and child health m-health mobile health MI myocardial infarction MRC medical research center MSF Médecins Sans Frontières MYTRI Mobilizing Youth for Tobacco Related Initiatives in India NCD noncommunicable disease NCDnet Global Noncommunicable Diseases network NGO nongovernmental organization NHANES National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey NHLBI National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute NIH National Institutes of Health NRC National Research Council NTCP National Tobacco Control Program OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development PAF population attributable fraction PAHO Pan American Health Organization PE physical education PEPFAR President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief PPP purchasing power parity PREMISE Prevention of Occurrences of Myocardial Infarction and Stroke PTCA percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty QALY quality-adjusted life year
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QIDS Quality Improvement Demonstration Study R&D research and development RCT randomized controlled trial RHD rheumatic heart disease SAVVY Sample Vital Registration with Verbal Autopsy SBP systolic blood pressure SCMS supply chain management system SDBP sitting diastolic blood pressure SIM subscriber identity module STEPS STEPwise Approach to Chronic Disease Risk Factor Surveillance SuRF Surveillance of Chronic Disease Risk Factors TB tuberculosis UN United Nations UNAIDS Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS UNDP United Nations Development Program UNGASS United Nations General Assembly Special Sessions UNICEF United Nations Children’s Fund USAID U.S. Agency for International Development USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture WCTOH World Conference on Tobacco or Health WEF World Economic Forum WHF World Heart Federation WHL World Hypertension League WHO World Health Organization WHOSIS WHO Statistical Information System WTO World Trade Organization Y4H Youth for Health