in 1982 as vice-president of systems technology in the electronics sector and later served in a series of assignments in the defense and space systems groups prior to being named vice-president of science and technology. Dr. Hermann concluded his tenure as immediate past chairman of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Board of Directors at the end of 2002 following a two-year term; he had served as chairman of the ANSI Board of Directors during 1999-2000 and as a member of the ANSI board since 1993. Dr. Hermann continues to serve as a senior partner of Global Technology Partners, LLC, which specializes in investments in technology, defense, aerospace, and related businesses worldwide. Prior to joining UTC, Dr. Hermann served 20 years with the National Security Agency, with assignments in research and development, operations, and NATO. In 1977 he was appointed principal deputy assistant secretary of defense for communications, command, control, and intelligence. In 1979 he was named assistant secretary of the Air Force for research, development, and logistics and in parallel was director of the National Reconnaissance Office. He received B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering from Iowa State University. Dr. Hermann was chosen for this committee for his expertise in military applications and the intelligence community.

Brian Ballard is the chief technology officer of Ares Systems Group, where he is involved in the development of emerging networking and embedded systems technologies for intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance systems and applications in government and military. He is a highly experienced professional in the field of national intelligence systems and computer engineering. Employed for more than 10 years with the National Security Agency (NSA), Mr. Ballard has dealt with all forms of data collection, dissemination, processing, and visualization. As a field operations officer at the NSA, he was a member and team leader in the Office of Target Reconnaissance and Surveillance. He also worked for five years as a global network vulnerabilities analyst. Mr. Ballard holds an M.S. in electrical and computer engineering and a B.S. in electrical and computer engineering from Carnegie Mellon University. He is currently studying for an M.S. in technology management and an M.B.A. at the University of Maryland, College Park.

Pierre Chao is founder and managing partner at Renaissance Strategic Advisors. He is also a senior associate nonresident at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). Previously he was a senior fellow and director of defense-industrial initiatives at CSIS from 2003 to 2007. Prior to joining CSIS, Mr. Chao was a managing director and senior aerospace/defense analyst at Credit Suisse First Boston (1999-2003), where he was responsible for following the U.S. and global aerospace/defense industry. From 1995 to 1999 he was senior aerospace/defense analyst at Morgan Stanley Dean Witter. He also served as senior industry analyst at Smith Barney in 1994 and as a director at JSA International, a management consulting firm focused on the aerospace/defense industry. Mr. Chao was also a co-founder of JSA Research, an equity research boutique specializing in the aerospace/defense industry. In 1988-1990 he worked for Prudential-Bache Capital Funding as a mergers and acquisitions banker focusing on aerospace/defense. In 2000, Mr. Chao was appointed to the Presidential Commission on Offsets in International Trade. He is also a guest lecturer at the National Defense University and the Defense Acquisition University. He earned dual bachelor of science degrees in political science and management science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Robert Gehorsam is president of Forterra Systems, Inc., and has more than 25 years of management experience in the online games and entertainment world. In recent years he has applied his experience to leveraging commercial games technology for national security and enterprise applications. Mr. Gehorsam has participated in several government studies on this subject and speaks frequently on the topic. Before

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