Appendix C
Program Phases and Decision Milestones for CHSS Programs

This appendix and Appendix B provide a somewhat-detailed candidate description of program phases and decision milestones for CHSS and SDCI programs, respectively. Rather than being explicitly prescriptive, these appendixes are meant to offer plausible potential ways in which the committee’s recommended changes might be incorporated that align with current acquisition methods. In several cases the program phases and decision milestones for CHSS programs are similar to those for SDCI programs, which are elaborated in Appendix B. There are, of course, other possible implementations of the committee’s recommendations.

MATERIAL DEVELOPMENT DECISION (CHSS PROGRAMS)

The purpose of the Material Development Decision (MDD) and the responsibilities of the PM, PMT, and MDA for CHSS programs are the same as for SDCI programs.

BUSINESS CASE DEVELOPMENT PHASE (CHSS PROGRAMS)

The purpose of the Business Case Development Phase for CHSS programs is the same as for SDCI programs, though with much greater emphasis placed on aligning the business strategy and investment strategy with the technical incremental capability strategy as discussed in Appendix B. Correspondingly there should be much less emphasis on a concept of operations (CONOPS) for purely unmodified COTS hard-



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Appendix C Program Phases and Decision Milestones for CHSS Programs This appendix and Appendix B provide a somewhat-detailed candi- date description of program phases and decision milestones for CHSS and SDCI programs, respectively. Rather than being explicitly prescriptive, these appendixes are meant to offer plausible potential ways in which the committee’s recommended changes might be incorporated that align with current acquisition methods. In several cases the program phases and decision milestones for CHSS programs are similar to those for SDCI programs, which are elaborated in Appendix B. There are, of course, other possible implementations of the committee’s recommendations. MATERIAL DEVELOPMENT DECISION (CHSS PROGRAMS) The purpose of the Material Development Decision (MDD) and the responsibilities of the PM, PMT, and MDA for CHSS programs are the same as for SDCI programs. BUSINESS CASE DEVELOPMENT PHASE (CHSS PROGRAMS) The purpose of the Business Case Development Phase for CHSS pro - grams is the same as for SDCI programs, though with much greater emphasis placed on aligning the business strategy and investment strat - egy with the technical incremental capability strategy as discussed in Appendix B. Correspondingly there should be much less emphasis on a concept of operations (CONOPS) for purely unmodified COTS hard- 

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 ACHIEVING EFFECTIVE ACQUISITION OF IT IN THE DOD ware, software, and services. As with SDCI programs, the Business Case Development Phase is carried out under the leadership and direction of the PMT for the proposed program. MILESTONE A: PLANNING, ANALySIS, AND CONCEPT DEMONSTRATION DECISION (CHSS PROGRAMS) The purpose of the Milestone A: Planning, Analysis, and Concept Demonstration Decision Phase and the responsibilities of the PM, PMT and MDA for this category of IT acquisition programs are conceptually similar to those for SDCI programs. The difference at this decision mile - stone and in the subsequent program phase is that concept demonstration should be undertaken if and only if there are clear issues or questions that must be resolved through demonstration that cannot be resolved in successive capability increments. This will frequently not be the case for the use of unmodified COTS products or services. As such, concept dem - onstration should be regarded as optional, with a bias to not performing it for most programs. The principal focus should be on the planning and analysis activities. Due to the nature of CHSS programs, this will substan - tially be market research-based analysis with planning extended into the Deployment Phase. INCREMENT 1 PLANNING, ANALySIS, AND CONCEPT DEMONSTRATION PHASE (CHSS PROGRAMS) The purpose of the Planning, Analysis, and Concept Demonstration Phase for CHSS programs is similar that for SDCI programs with the exception of the change in emphasis discussed above. Further, require - ments will typically focus on capability, capacity, and key nonfunctional requirements (e.g., operational availability and environmental qualifica - tion for hardware). As with the software development and COTS software integration category of IT programs, the Planning, Analysis, and Concept Demon- stration Phase for the first increment can readily be adapted to a mul- tiple-award contract model with a subsequent competitive selection of a single provider coincident with the initial Milestone B decision if such additional competition is deemed appropriate in the program’s acquisi - tion strategy. INCREMENT 2 AND BEyOND PLANNING AND ANALySIS PHASES (CHSS PROGRAMS) For subsequent planning and analysis phases after the initial one leading to the initial Milestone B Program Initiation Decision, the above

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 APPENDIX C process can be substantially abbreviated. The purpose of the Increment 2 and Beyond Planning, and Analysis Phases for CHSS programs is the same as that for the second increment in SDCI programs. MILESTONE B: PROGRAM OR CAPABILITy INCREMENT INITIATION DECISION (CHSS PROGRAMS) The purpose of the Milestone B: Program or Capability Increment Initiation Decision and the responsibilities of the PM, PMT, and MDA for CHSS programs are the same as those for SDCI programs. SySTEM DEVELOPMENT AND DEMONSTRATION (CHSS PROGRAMS) As with SDCI programs, the purpose of the System Development and Demonstration (SDD) Phase for CHSS programs is to provide the next increment of capability. Since developmental efforts are not involved, however, the nature of the learning and communications cycle and the role of the end user and other stakeholders change, as does integrated test and evaluation. Since the focus is on COTS software configuration, hardware integration, or hardware ruggedization to meet environmental qualification requirements, and not on software development, time-boxed iterations can still play a role but are not as critical as they are for SDCI programs. MILESTONE C: CAPABILITy INCREMENT DEPLOyMENT DECISION (CHSS PROGRAMS) The purpose of the Milestone C: Capability Increment Deployment Decision and the responsibilities of the PM, PMT, and MDA are the same for CHSS programs as they are for SDCI programs, with one addition: validating the attainment of an environmentally qualified first article for COTS hardware programs targeted at deployable units. As SDCI programs, if there are subsequent increments, this Milestone C decision should ideally be conducted coincident with the Milestone B decision for the subsequent increment, since many of the factors affecting the deployment decision can also materially affect the composition of the next increment. DEPLOyMENT PHASE (CHSS PROGRAMS) The purpose of the Deployment Phase is the same for CHSS programs as it is for SDCI programs.

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 ACHIEVING EFFECTIVE ACQUISITION OF IT IN THE DOD OPERATIONS AND SUSTAINMENT PHASE (CHSS PROGRAMS) The purpose of the Operations and Sustainment Phase for this cat - egory of IT acquisition programs is the same for CHSS programs as it is for SDCI programs.