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OCR for page 112
Understanding Climate’s Influence on Human Evolution B Presentations to the Committee Meeting 1 – September 27-29, 2007 NSF-SBE Perspective Mark Weiss, Rich Kay, and Don Grayson, (Archeology/Anthropology) NSF-BCS NSF-GEO Perspective Rich Lane, Enriqueta Barrera, and Ray Bernor, (Earth Sciences) NSF-GEO Personal Perspective on Committee’s Task Mikael Fortelius, Department of Geology, University of Helsinki What They Hear vs What You Say—and Why it Matters Eugenie Scott, National Center for Science Education, Oakland, CA Thoughts on Human Evolution and Climatic Change Steven Stanley, Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Hawaii. Thoughts on the Environmental Context of Human Evolution Bill Ruddiman, University of Virginia. (How) Do Genes Matter? Ken Weiss, Pennsylvania State University Meeting 2 – Workshop February 21-22, 2008 Tempo and Trends and Possible Causes of African Climate Change During the Pliocene-Pleistocene Peter deMenocal, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University
OCR for page 113
Understanding Climate’s Influence on Human Evolution The Tempo of Evolution Rick Potts, Smithsonian Institution Climate, Tectonics, and Hominin Evolution Peter Molnar, University of Colorado Early hominid skeletal biology, environmental context, and behavior–a view from Afar Tim White, University of California at Berkeley Tectonostratigraphic Context of Turkana Basin Francis Brown, University of Utah The Cape Floral Kingdom, Shellfish, and Modern Human Origins: Transdisciplinary Problems Require Transdisciplinary Projects Curtis Marean, Arizona State University WORKSHOP BREAKOUT QUESTIONS Question 1: What was the history and variability of hominin paleoenvironments over the last 8 Ma? Question 2: How do we improve geochronological control and temporal resolution? Question 3: Can terrestrial, lacustrine, and marine paleoenvironmental record be reconciled in terms of known forcing mechanisms? Question 4: How can biotic evolution and adaptation be quantified? Question 5: How does the terrestrial biotic record relate to the paleoenvironmental changes indicated by terrestrial, lacustrine, and marine records? Question 6: How do we improve our understanding of hominin interactions with their environment? Question 7: What new archives, proxies, and methods are needed? Question 8: How do we test the null hypothesis that human evolution was unaffected by environmental change?