FIGURE 4.7 Map showing African lakes and paleolakes that have been drilled (red circles) or are the subject of drilling proposals or discussions (yellow circles).

FIGURE 4.7 Map showing African lakes and paleolakes that have been drilled (red circles) or are the subject of drilling proposals or discussions (yellow circles).

area in Kenya (late Pliocene), the west Turkana area (early Pleistocene), and the Olorgesailie area (early to late Pleistocene).

INTEGRATED HIGH-RESOLUTION EARTH SYSTEM MODELING AND DETAILED ENVIRONMENTAL RECORDS

By combining analyses of observational data recording past environmental change with parallel earth system modeling studies at sufficiently high resolution, it will be possible to obtain a much more accurate and regionally based description of the evolution of paleoenvironments over the past 8 million years in Africa and Eurasia, as well as an improved understanding of the causes of the paleoenvironmental changes. Such an integrated approach would provide a tool for addressing specific questions regarding potential connections between environmental changes and hominin evolution and dispersal. Several key elements are required to realize this potential:



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