Appendix A
Committee Biographical Information

Michael P. Ramage, NAE, chair, is a retired vice president, ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company. Previously he was executive vice president and chief technology officer, Mobil Oil Corporation. Dr. Ramage held a number of positions at Mobil, including research associate, manager of process research and development, general manager of exploration and producing research and technical service, vice president of engineering, and president of Mobil Technology Company. He has broad experience in many aspects of the petroleum and chemical industries. He has served on a number of university visiting committees and was a member of the Government University Industrial Research Roundtable. He was a director of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers and is a member of several professional organizations. Dr. Ramage chaired the recent National Research Council report The Hydrogen Economy: Opportunities, Costs, Barriers, and Research Needs (2004). He has served on the NAE Council. Dr. Ramage has B.S., M.S., Ph.D., and H.D.R. degrees in chemical engineering from Purdue University.


Rakesh Agrawal, NAE, is Winthrop E. Stone Distinguished Professor, School of Chemical Engineering, Purdue University. Previously, he was an Air Products Fellow at Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., where he worked from 1980 to 2004. A major thrust of his research is related to energy issues and includes novel processes for fabrication of low-cost solar cells, biomass and coal to liquid fuel conversion, hydrogen production from renewable sources, and energy systems analysis. His research interests further include basic and applied research in gas separations, process development, synthesis of distillation column configurations, adsorption and membrane separation processes, novel separation processes, gas liquefaction processes, cryogenics, and thermodynamics. He holds 116 U.S. and more than 500 foreign patents. These patents are used in over a hundred chemical plants with a capital expenditure in excess of a billion dollars. He has authored 66 technical papers and given many lectures and presentations. He chaired the Separations Division and the Chemical Technology Operating Council of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) and also a Gordon Conference on Separations. He was a member of the NRC Committee on Alternatives and Strategies for Future Hydrogen Production and Use. He is currently a member of the AIChE’s Board of Directors and also its Energy Commission. He is also a member of the NRC Board on Energy and Environmental Systems (BEES). He has received several awards, including the J & E Hall Gold Medal from the Institute of Refrigeration (U.K.); Presidential Citation for Outstanding Achievement from the University of Delaware and from the AIChE; and the Gerhold Excellence in Industrial Gases Technology Institute Lecture and Chemical Engineering Practice awards. Dr. Agrawal received a B. Tech. from the Indian Institute of Technology, in Kanpur, India; an M.Ch.E. from the University of Delaware, and an Sc.D. in chemical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.


David L. Bodde serves as a professor and senior fellow at Clemson University. There, he directs innovation and strategy at the Clemson’s International Center for Automotive Research. Prior to joining Clemson University, Dr. Bodde held the Charles N. Kimball Chair in Technology and Innovation at the University of Missouri in Kansas City. Dr. Bodde serves on the board of directors of several energy and technology companies, including the Great Plains Energy and the Commerce Funds. His executive experience includes vice president, Midwest Research Institute; assistant director of the Congressional Budget Office; and deputy assistant secretary in the U.S. Department of Energy. Dr. Bodde frequently testifies before congressional committees. He was once a soldier and served in the Army in Vietnam. He has a doctorate in business administration from Harvard University, M.S. degrees in nuclear engineering (1972) and management (1973), and a B.S. from the U.S. Military Academy.



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Appendix A Committee Biographical Information Michael P. Ramage, NAE, chair, is a retired vice president, given many lectures and presentations. He chaired the Sepa- ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company. Previ- rations Division and the Chemical Technology Operating ously he was executive vice president and chief technology Council of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers officer, Mobil Oil Corporation. Dr. Ramage held a number (AIChE) and also a Gordon Conference on Separations. He of positions at Mobil, including research associate, manager was a member of the NRC Committee on Alternatives and of process research and development, general manager of Strategies for Future Hydrogen Production and Use. He is exploration and producing research and technical service, currently a member of the AIChE’s Board of Directors and v ice president of engineering, and president of Mobil also its Energy Commission. He is also a member of the NRC Technology Company. He has broad experience in many Board on Energy and Environmental Systems (BEES). He aspects of the petroleum and chemical industries. He has has received several awards, including the J & E Hall Gold served on a number of university visiting committees and Medal from the Institute of Refrigeration (U.K.); Presidential was a member of the Government University Industrial Citation for Outstanding Achievement from the University Research Roundtable. He was a director of the American of Delaware and from the AIChE; and the Gerhold Excel- Institute of Chemical Engineers and is a member of several lence in Industrial Gases Technology Institute Lecture and professional organizations. Dr. Ramage chaired the recent Chemical Engineering Practice awards. Dr. Agrawal received National Research Council report The Hydrogen Economy: a B. Tech. from the Indian Institute of Technology, in Kanpur, Opportunities, Costs, Barriers, and Research Needs (2004). India; an M.Ch.E. from the University of Delaware, and He has served on the NAE Council. Dr. Ramage has B.S., an Sc.D. in chemical engineering from the Massachusetts M.S., Ph.D., and H.D.R. degrees in chemical engineering Institute of Technology. from Purdue University. David L. Bodde serves as a professor and senior fellow at Rakesh Agrawal, NAE, is Winthrop E. Stone Distinguished Clemson University. There, he directs innovation and strat- Professor, School of Chemical Engineering, Purdue Uni- egy at the Clemson’s International Center for Automotive versity. Previously, he was an Air Products Fellow at Air Research. Prior to joining Clemson University, Dr. Bodde Products and Chemicals, Inc., where he worked from 1980 held the Charles N. Kimball Chair in Technology and Innova- to 2004. A major thrust of his research is related to energy tion at the University of Missouri in Kansas City. Dr. Bodde issues and includes novel processes for fabrication of low- serves on the board of directors of several energy and tech- cost solar cells, biomass and coal to liquid fuel conversion, nology companies, including the Great Plains Energy and hydrogen production from renewable sources, and energy the Commerce Funds. His executive experience includes vice systems analysis. His research interests further include president, Midwest Research Institute; assistant director of basic and applied research in gas separations, process the Congressional Budget Office; and deputy assistant secre- development, synthesis of distillation column configura- tary in the U.S. Department of Energy. Dr. Bodde frequently tions, adsorption and membrane separation processes, novel testifies before congressional committees. He was once a separation processes, gas liquefaction processes, cryogenics, soldier and served in the Army in Vietnam. He has a doc- and thermodynamics. He holds 116 U.S. and more than 500 torate in business administration from Harvard University, foreign patents. These patents are used in over a hundred M.S. degrees in nuclear engineering (1972) and management chemical plants with a capital expenditure in excess of a (1973), and a B.S. from the U.S. Military Academy. billion dollars. He has authored 66 technical papers and 

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0 TRANSITIONS TO ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGIES—PHEVS David Friedman, research director, Clean Vehicles Program, solutions. Ms. Greenwald has over 20 years of experience Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS), Washington, D.C. He working on energy and environmental policy. Prior to com- is the author or coauthor of more than 30 technical papers ing to the Pew Center, she worked as a consultant, focusing and reports on advancements in conventional, fuel cell, and on innovative approaches to solving environmental prob- hybrid electric vehicles and alternative energy sources with an lems, including climate change. She also served as a senior emphasis on clean and efficient technologies. Before joining advisor on the White House Climate Change Task Force. UCS in 2001, he worked for the University of California- As a member of the professional staff of the U.S. Congress Davis (UC Davis) in the Fuel Cell Vehicle Modeling Program, Energy and Commerce Committee, she worked on the 1990 developing simulation tools to evaluate fuel cell technology Clean Air Act Amendments, the 1992 Energy Policy Act, and for automotive applications. He worked on the UC Davis a number of other energy and environmental statutes. She FutureCar team to build a hybrid electric family car that was also a Congressional Fellow with then-Senate Majority doubled its fuel economy. He previously worked at Arthur D. Leader Robert C. Byrd, an environmental scientist with the Little researching fuel cell, battery electric, and hybrid electric U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and an environmental vehicle technologies, as well as photovoltaics. He served as a engineer and policy analyst at the Environmental Protection member of the NRC Panel on the Benefits of Fuel Cell R&D Agency (EPA). Ms. Greenwald has a B.S. in engineering, of the Committee on Prospective Benefits of DOE’s Energy cum laude, from Princeton University and an M.A. in sci- Efficiency and Fossil Energy R&D Programs, Phase 1; on ence, technology, and public policy from George Washington the Panel on Benefits of DOE’s Light-Duty Hybrid Vehicle University. She has published papers on the future of water R&D Program; and as a member of the NRC Committee on quality monitoring, worker and community adjustment to National Tire Efficiency. He earned a bachelor’s degree in climate change policy, a multimedia approach to radon, envi- mechanical engineering from Worcester Polytechnic Institute ronmental policies affecting the development of newer coal and is a doctoral candidate (2007) in transportation technol- technologies, and the implications for air quality analysis of ogy and policy at UC Davis. extended lifetimes for coal-fired boilers. Susan Fuhs is president, Conundrum Consulting. Previous Robert L. Hirsch is senior energy advisor, Management positions include general manager, Astro Aerospace; general Information Services, Inc. (MISI). Formerly he was senior manager, GE Hybrid Power Generation Systems; director, energy program advisor at SAIC. His past positions include New Ventures, Honeywell International; technology policy senior energy analyst with the RAND Corporation; executive analyst, RAND; and project engineer, Advanced Applica- advisor to the president of Advanced Power Technologies, tions, AlliedSignal Aerospace. Dr. Fuhs’s technical and busi- Inc.; vice president, Washington Office, Electric Power ness experience has focused on overcoming barriers to the Research Institute; vice president and manager, Research and development and implementation of advanced technologies. Technical Services Department, ARCO Oil and Gas Com- Her experience with fuel cells includes developing fuel cell pany; chief executive officer of ARCO Power Technologies, systems for stationary and transportation applications, includ- a company that he founded; manager, Baytown Research ing fuel cells for the Partnership for a New Generation of and Development Division; general manager, Exploratory Vehicles; developing fuel cell marketing and business plans; Research, Exxon Research and Engineering Company; and managing the solid oxide fuel cell subsidiary of General assistant administrator for Solar, Geothermal, and Advanced Electric Power Systems. She currently consults in strategic Energy Systems (Presidential appointment); and director, planning, new product development, business development, Division of Magnetic Fusion Energy Research, U.S. Energy and technology roadmapping. She is a past board mem- Research and Development Administration. He has served ber, National Hydrogen Association, and past chairperson, on numerous advisory committees, including as a member Space Systems Technical Committee, American Institute of of the DOE Energy Research Advisory Board and a number Aeronautics and Astronautics. She has a Ph.D. and M.S. in of DOE national laboratory advisory boards. He has served mechanical engineering and a B.S. in chemical engineering on several NRC committees, including the one that wrote the from the California Institute of Technology and an MBA report Fuels To Drive Our Future (1990), which examined from the Anderson School of the University of California, the economics and technologies for producing transporta- Los Angeles. tion fuels from U.S. domestic resources; the Committee on Alternatives and Strategies for Future Hydrogen Production Judi Greenwald is the director of Innovative Solutions at and Use; and was chairman of the Committee to Examine the Pew Center on Global Climate Change. She oversees the Research Needs of the Advanced Extraction and Process the Solutions program and develops mechanisms for learn- Technology Program. He served as chairman of the Board ing about and promoting innovative solutions, including on Energy and Environmental Systems and is a National research, publications, Web-based information and data - Associate of the Academies. He brings expertise in a number bases, and workshops. Ms. Greenwald focuses on techno- of areas of science and technology and business related to logical innovation, business solutions, and state and regional energy production and consumption, research and develop-

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 APPENDIX A ment, and public policy. He received a Ph.D. in engineering institutions, including research scientist, Center for Energy and physics from the University of Illinois. and Environmental Studies, Princeton University. Most of her work has involved technical and economic assessments James R. Katzer, NAE, is an independent consultant. He of new energy technologies, including renewable fuels, the has recently been a visiting scholar at MIT working on an use of hydrogen as an energy carrier, and applications of fuel MIT study The Future of Coal in a Carbon Constrained cell technology in transportation. Particular areas of interest World. Prior to that he was manager of strategic planning are production of renewable fuels, the use of hydrogen as an and program analysis for ExxonMobil Research and Engi- energy carrier, and applications of fuel cells in transporta - neering Company, where he was responsible for technol- tion and stationary power production. Over the past decade, ogy-planning and analysis activities. Before that he was vice Dr. Ogden has carried out a series of assessments of fuel cell president, Technology, Mobil Oil Corporation, with primary vehicles and hydrogen refueling infrastructure. For 2 years, responsibilities for ensuring Mobil Oil’s overall technical she served as chairman of the Solar Fuels and Transporta- health, developing forward-looking technology scenarios, tion Division of the American Solar Energy Society. She identifying and analyzing technology and environmental has worked with the H2A, a group of hydrogen analysts developments and trends, identifying future threats and convened by the Department of Energy to develop a con- opportunities and strategies to deal with them. Dr. Katzer sistent framework for analyzing hydrogen systems and, in joined the Central Research Laboratory of the Mobil Oil 2005 and 2006, received R&D Excellence awards from the Corporation in 1981, later becoming manager of process DOE for her work with H2A. In 2004, Dr. Ogden served research and technical service and vice president of plan- on the governor of California’s advisory panel developing a ning and finance for the Mobil Research and Development blueprint plan for the proposed California Hydrogen High- Corporation. Before joining Mobil he was a professor on the way Network. Dr. Ogden has published over 100 technical chemical engineering faculty at the University of Delaware articles on energy topics, including the book Solar Hydrogen. and the first director of the Center for Catalytic Science and She received her Ph.D. in physics from the University of Technology there. He recently served on the NRC Commit- Maryland and a B.S. in mathematics, University of Illinois, tee on Alternatives to Indian Point that evaluated various Champaign-Urbana. energy supply and end-use technologies as potential replace- Lawrence T. Papay, NAE, is currently a consultant with a ments for the Indian Point nuclear power plants. Dr. Katzer has more than 80 publications in technical journals, holds variety of clients in electric power and other energy areas. several patents, and co-authored and edited several books. His previous positions include senior vice president for the He received a B.S. from Iowa State and a Ph.D. in chemical Integrated Solutions Sector, SAIC; and senior vice president engineering from MIT. and general manager of Bechtel Technology and Consulting. He also held several positions at Southern California Edison, Gene Nemanich is the retired vice president of Hydrogen including senior vice president, vice president, general Systems for Chevron Technology Ventures, where he was superintendent, and director of R&D, with responsibilities responsible for hydrogen supply and developing and com- for areas including bulk power generation, system planning, mercializing new hydrogen technologies. He has 32 years of nuclear power, environmental operations, and develop - experience with integrated oil companies, including Exxon, ment of the organization and plans for the company’s R&D Cities Service, Texaco, and Chevron. He has also worked in efforts. His professional affiliations have included the EPRI the areas of refining, clean coal technology, oil supply and Research Advisory Committee, the Atomic Industrial Forum, trading, and research leading to the development of new the DOE Energy Research Advisory Board, and the Renew- hydrogen systems. He represented Texaco in the California able Energy Institute. He is a member of the National Acad- Fuel Cell Partnership in 2000-2001 and was a director of emy of Engineering and the National Science Foundation’s Texaco Ovonic Hydrogen Systems LLC, a joint venture with Industrial Panel on Science and Technology. His expertise Energy Conversion Devices to commercialize metal hydride and knowledge ranges across a wide variety of electric hydrogen storage systems. He was one of seven industry system technologies, from production, to transmission and leaders that helped prepare the DOE-sponsored Hydrogen distribution, utility management and systems, and end-use Roadmap and has served as chairman of the National Hydro- technologies. He received a B.S. in physics from Fordham gen Association. He has a B.S. in chemical engineering from University and an S.M. and Sc.D. in nuclear engineering the University of Illinois and an MBA from the University from MIT. of Houston. Ian Parry is a senior fellow at Resources for the Future. Joan Ogden is professor of environmental science and Previous positions include adjunct professor, Department of policy and an energy policy analyst at the Institute of Trans- Economics, Georgetown University; research fellow, U.S. portation Studies, University of California, Davis. Previous Department of Agriculture; professor, Center for Economic to this, she held a number of positions at various research Research and Graduate Education (Prague); and lecturer,

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 TRANSITIONS TO ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGIES—PHEVS Department of Economics, Australian National University. of Energy, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Dr. Parry’s research focuses primarily on environmental, and the National Academy of Sciences/National Research transportation, tax, and public health policies. His recent Council. He is a past chairman of the Environmental Control work has analyzed gasoline taxes, fuel economy standards, Division of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. transit subsidies, alcohol taxes, policies to reduce traffic con- He earned a B.E. in mechanical engineering from the City gestion and accidents, environmental tax shifts, the role of College of New York and an M.S. and a Ph.D. in mechanical technology policy in environmental protection, the incidence engineering from Stanford University. of pollution control policies, and the interactions between Robert W. Shaw, Jr., is president of Aretê Corporation, the regulatory policies and the broader tax system. He received a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Chicago, an manager of the Micro-Generation Technology Fund, LLC, M.A. in economics from Warwick University, and a B.A. in and the five Utech venture funds. He has over 20 years of economics from the University of Sheffield. experience in the venture capital industry and is a leader in developing modular/dispersed generation, renewable William F. Powers, NAE, is retired vice president, research, energy generation, hydrogen energy systems, and specialty Ford Motor Company. His approximately 20 years at Ford materials. He previously held the position of senior vice pres- included positions as director, Vehicle, Powertrain and Sys- ident and was a member of the board of directors of Booz, tems Research; director, Product and Manufacturing Systems; Allen & Hamilton, where he was a founder of the firm’s program manager, Specialty Car Programs; and executive Energy Division, which provided management and technical director, Ford Research Laboratory and Information Tech- consulting services to utilities and energy companies. He also nology. Prior positions also include professor, Department held research positions at Bell Laboratories and Cavendish of Aerospace Engineering, University of Michigan, during Laboratory directed at the electronic and structural proper- which time he consulted with NASA, Northrop, Caterpillar, ties of materials. Dr. Shaw served for 11 years as director and Ford; research engineer, University of Texas; and math- and chairman of Distributed Energy Systems Corporation ematician and aerospace engineer, NASA Marshall Space (DESC) and for 5 years as director and chairman of CTP Flight Center. Dr. Powers is a fellow at the Institute of Elec- Hydrogen Corporation. He has been a director of H2Gen trical and Electronics Engineers, the Society of Automotive Innovations, Inc., since 2001. He has served as a member of Engineers, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, the NRC Board on Energy and Environmental Systems and and the International Federation of Automatic Control. He is the Panel on Benefits of DOE’s Fuel Cell R&D Program. He a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engi- is also a member of DOE’s Hydrogen Technology Advisory neering Sciences. He has extensive expertise in advanced Committee. He has a Ph.D. in applied physics from Stanford research and development of automotive technology. He is University, an M.S.E.E. from Cornell University, and an a member of the National Academies’ Board on Energy and M.P.A. in organization design from American University. Environmental Systems, and recently served on the Com- Tony Wu is principal research engineer and project manager mittee on Alternatives and Strategies for Future Hydrogen Production and Use. He has a B.S. in aerospace engineering, at the DOE’s National Carbon Capture Center, managed by University of Florida, and a Ph.D. in engineering mechanics, Southern Company. He is responsible for CO2 capture tech- University of Texas-Austin. nology assessment and coordinating testing and demonstra- tion of promising technologies at the center. He also served Edward S. Rubin is the Alumni Professor of Environmental on the FutureGen Technical Committee from 2008 to 2009 Engineering and Science at Carnegie Mellon University for the development of the DOE-sponsored zero emission (CMU). He holds joint appointments in the Departments of coal-fueled IGCC power plant in Mattoon, Illinois. Prior to the Engineering and Public Policy and Mechanical Engineering current position, he was responsible for multiple research areas and is the founding director of CMU’s Environmental Insti- at Southern Company, including distributed energy resources, tute and Center for Energy and Environmental Studies. His hydrogen, electric transportation, and energy storage pro- teaching and research interests at CMU are in environmental grams. He has more than 20 years of combined experience in control, energy utilization, and technology-policy interactions, fundamental research, technology assessment and develop- with a particular focus on coal-based systems. His expertise ment, product testing and validation, and project manage- includes modeling and assessment of energy and environ- ment. His technical expertise is in chemical, material and mental systems with applications to electric power generation electrochemical behavior of various power generation and technologies, energy use, and emission control systems; global energy storage systems such as ultracapacitor, battery and fuel climate change policy issues; carbon sequestration and man- cell technologies. Previous positions include staff technology agement; and environmental technology innovation and its engineer, Energizer Power Systems, and technology engineer, relation to government policies. He has served as a member of Gates Energy Products. He has a B.S. in chemical engineering numerous technical and advisory committees, including to the from Tamkang University (Taiwan) and an M.S. in chemical U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the U.S. Department engineering from Auburn University.