ment, and public policy. He received a Ph.D. in engineering and physics from the University of Illinois.

James R. Katzer, NAE, is an independent consultant. He has recently been a visiting scholar at MIT working on an MIT study The Future of Coal in a Carbon Constrained World. Prior to that he was manager of strategic planning and program analysis for ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company, where he was responsible for technology-planning and analysis activities. Before that he was vice president, Technology, Mobil Oil Corporation, with primary responsibilities for ensuring Mobil Oil’s overall technical health, developing forward-looking technology scenarios, identifying and analyzing technology and environmental developments and trends, identifying future threats and opportunities and strategies to deal with them. Dr. Katzer joined the Central Research Laboratory of the Mobil Oil Corporation in 1981, later becoming manager of process research and technical service and vice president of planning and finance for the Mobil Research and Development Corporation. Before joining Mobil he was a professor on the chemical engineering faculty at the University of Delaware and the first director of the Center for Catalytic Science and Technology there. He recently served on the NRC Committee on Alternatives to Indian Point that evaluated various energy supply and end-use technologies as potential replacements for the Indian Point nuclear power plants. Dr. Katzer has more than 80 publications in technical journals, holds several patents, and co-authored and edited several books. He received a B.S. from Iowa State and a Ph.D. in chemical engineering from MIT.

Gene Nemanich is the retired vice president of Hydrogen Systems for Chevron Technology Ventures, where he was responsible for hydrogen supply and developing and commercializing new hydrogen technologies. He has 32 years of experience with integrated oil companies, including Exxon, Cities Service, Texaco, and Chevron. He has also worked in the areas of refining, clean coal technology, oil supply and trading, and research leading to the development of new hydrogen systems. He represented Texaco in the California Fuel Cell Partnership in 2000-2001 and was a director of Texaco Ovonic Hydrogen Systems LLC, a joint venture with Energy Conversion Devices to commercialize metal hydride hydrogen storage systems. He was one of seven industry leaders that helped prepare the DOE-sponsored Hydrogen Roadmap and has served as chairman of the National Hydrogen Association. He has a B.S. in chemical engineering from the University of Illinois and an MBA from the University of Houston.

Joan Ogden is professor of environmental science and policy and an energy policy analyst at the Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, Davis. Previous to this, she held a number of positions at various research institutions, including research scientist, Center for Energy and Environmental Studies, Princeton University. Most of her work has involved technical and economic assessments of new energy technologies, including renewable fuels, the use of hydrogen as an energy carrier, and applications of fuel cell technology in transportation. Particular areas of interest are production of renewable fuels, the use of hydrogen as an energy carrier, and applications of fuel cells in transportation and stationary power production. Over the past decade, Dr. Ogden has carried out a series of assessments of fuel cell vehicles and hydrogen refueling infrastructure. For 2 years, she served as chairman of the Solar Fuels and Transportation Division of the American Solar Energy Society. She has worked with the H2A, a group of hydrogen analysts convened by the Department of Energy to develop a consistent framework for analyzing hydrogen systems and, in 2005 and 2006, received R&D Excellence awards from the DOE for her work with H2A. In 2004, Dr. Ogden served on the governor of California’s advisory panel developing a blueprint plan for the proposed California Hydrogen Highway Network. Dr. Ogden has published over 100 technical articles on energy topics, including the book Solar Hydrogen. She received her Ph.D. in physics from the University of Maryland and a B.S. in mathematics, University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana.

Lawrence T. Papay, NAE, is currently a consultant with a variety of clients in electric power and other energy areas. His previous positions include senior vice president for the Integrated Solutions Sector, SAIC; and senior vice president and general manager of Bechtel Technology and Consulting. He also held several positions at Southern California Edison, including senior vice president, vice president, general superintendent, and director of R&D, with responsibilities for areas including bulk power generation, system planning, nuclear power, environmental operations, and development of the organization and plans for the company’s R&D efforts. His professional affiliations have included the EPRI Research Advisory Committee, the Atomic Industrial Forum, the DOE Energy Research Advisory Board, and the Renewable Energy Institute. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the National Science Foundation’s Industrial Panel on Science and Technology. His expertise and knowledge ranges across a wide variety of electric system technologies, from production, to transmission and distribution, utility management and systems, and end-use technologies. He received a B.S. in physics from Fordham University and an S.M. and Sc.D. in nuclear engineering from MIT.

Ian Parry is a senior fellow at Resources for the Future. Previous positions include adjunct professor, Department of Economics, Georgetown University; research fellow, U.S. Department of Agriculture; professor, Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education (Prague); and lecturer,

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