other techniques. The field production tests should also be closely integrated with reservoir modeling studies.

  • Because of the complex nature and expense of carrying out a large field program, sound research management practices should include a staged approach with open and comprehensive reviews of site survey data; completion, production, and monitoring design; risk assessments; and mitigation strategies.

Research Directions

  • Research that couples carbon dioxide sequestration and the production of methane from methane hydrate should be encouraged.

  • Increased effort should be devoted to the development of production technology. These efforts may involve adapting conventional production equipment and procedures or the development of new technologies, such as pressure testing, specific to methane hydrate.


The published literature on environmental and geohazard issues specific to the production of methane from methane hydrate and the response of methane hydrate associated with traditional oil and gas development (exploratory drilling, production, and infrastructure) is surprisingly limited. To date, most studies have only considered these issues as an ancillary focus. Increased emphasis should be placed on better defining what the geohazard issues are, predicting the environmental impacts, and constraining the conditions to be avoided during production.

  • Industry experience associated with conventional oil and gas production in areas of methane hydrate occurrences should be compiled and made available.

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