and subgroup follow-up at 16 months; Louisiana National Guard and Reserve troops (Marine, Army, Air Force, Navy)


Hostility, the HSC, PTSD Checklist, and the Mississippi Scale

10.6%) and hostility (4.9% to 13.8%); no p-values reported



Ikin et al., 2004 (Vol. 4)

Cross sectional survey of all Australian deployed veterans

1381 GWVs vs 1377 comparison veterans


Prevalence of any disorder: 31% in GWVs vs 21% in comparison group;

PTSD: OR 3.9 (95% CI 2.3-6.5); major depression:

OR 1.6 (95% CI 1.3-2.0); alcohol abuse: OR 1.5 (95% CI 1.2-2.0)

Service type, rank, age, education, marital status

GWVs younger, more likely in the Navy, and lower ranked than comparison group Large sample, well-validated psychological interview tool; low participation bias

Dlugosz et al., 1999 (Vol. 4)

Post-war hospitalizations June 1991-September 1993

Active-duty men (1,775,236) and women (209,760) June 1991-September 1993; GWVs vs NDV

ICD-9 CM categories for 10 mental disorders

GWVs had increased risk of hospitalizations due to: acute reactions to stress (RR 1.45, 95% CI 1.08-1.94); drug-related disorders (RR 1.29, 95% CI 1.10-1.52) No general increase in alcohol-related diagnoses, but serving in ground war in Iraq associated with alcohol-related hospitalizations in men (RR 1.13, 95% CI 1.04-1.23)

Age, sex, service-branch adjusted rates

Active duty only; no assessment of outpatient treatment

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement