Study

Design

Population

Outcomes

Results

Adjustments

Comments

 

examination

nondeployed veterans

 

MCV (fl), men: 91.6 (sd = 4.7) vs 91.5 (sd = 4.5); women: 92.8 vs 93.4 MCH (pg), men: 30.4 (sd = 1.4) vs 30.5 (sd = 1.3); women: 29.8 vs 30.3 Lymphocyte count (109/L), men: 1.9 (sd = 0.5) vs 1.9 (sd = 0.6); women: 2.0 vs 2.1 Platelets (109/L), men: 227.8 (sd = 44.4) vs 231.3 (sd = 48.5); women: 263.6 vs 269.6

 

control group (male 57%, female 44%) possibly leading to participation bias

NOTE: CI = confidence interval; COSHPD = California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development; DMDC = Defense Manpower Data Center; DoD = Department of Defense; fl = femtoliter; GW = Gulf War; HR = adjusted hazard ratio; MCH = mean corpuscular hemoglobin; MCV = mean corpuscular volume; MRR = mortality rate ratio; OR = adjusted odds ratio; pg = pictogram; PHQ = Patient Health Questionnaire; PMR = patient medical record; RR = adjusted risk ratio; sd = standard deviation; VA = Department of Veterans Affairs.



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