C
Committee Biographical Sketches

Andrew Brown, Jr. (NAE) is executive director and chief technologist at the Delphi Corporation, where he reports to CEO/president and division presidents on matters of innovation and technology. He represents Delphi globally in outside forums on matters of technology and innovation, including government and regulatory agencies, customers, alliance partners, vendors, contracting agencies, and academia. Previously, he was responsible for leading Delphi’s engineering community of 17,000 engineers and scientists with a budget of nearly $2 billion annually. Dr. Brown came to Delphi from the General Motors Research and Development Center in Warren, Michigan, where he served as director of strategic futures and research and was responsible for managing GM’s envisioning process and directing various research projects. He served as manager of Saturn car facilities from 1985 to 1987. At Saturn he was on the Site Selection Team and was responsible for the conceptual design and engineering of this innovative manufacturing facility. Dr. Brown began his GM career as a project engineer in manufacturing development in 1973. He progressed in the engineering field as a senior project engineer, staff development engineer, and manager of R&D for the manufacturing staff. During this period he worked on manufacturing processes and systems with an emphasis on energy systems, productivity improvement, and environmental efficiency. Before joining GM he supervised process development at Allied-Signal Corporation, now Honeywell, Inc., in Morristown, New Jersey. He earned a bachelor of science degree in chemical engineering from Wayne State University (WSU) in 1971. He received a master of business administration in finance and marketing from WSU in 1975 and a master of science degree in mechanical engineering with a focus on energy and environmental engineering from the University of Detroit, Mercy, in 1978. He completed the Penn State Executive Management Course in 1979. A registered professional engineer, Dr. Brown earned a doctorate of engineering in 1992. He is currently or has served on the boards of the following organizations: Society of Automotive Engineers, Engineering Society of Detroit, Convergence Education Foundation, National Inventors Hall of Fame, Convergence Transportation Electronics Foundation, National Council of Engineering Examiners, State of Michigan Board of Professional Engineers, and the WSR College of Engineering Board of Advisors. Dr. Brown has been an adjunct professor at WSU, the University of Michigan, and Tsinghua University (Beijing, China). As an ordained deacon, he has conducted religious/medical missions in Jamaica and South Africa.


Dennis N. Assanis (NAE) is the Jon R. and Beverly S. Holt Professor of Engineering in the Mechanical Engineering Department; director of the Michigan Memorial Phoenix Energy Institute, co-director of the General Motors Engine Systems Research Collaborative Research Laboratory; and director of the W.E. Lay Automotive Laboratory at the University of Michigan. Dr. Assanis is recognized internationally for his innovative development of modeling methodologies and experimental techniques that have shed light on complex thermal, fluid, and chemical phenomena that occur in internal combustion engines and exhaust aftertreatment systems, with applications to design integration and control of complex and hybrid power train systems. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2008 for scientific contributions to improving fuel economy and reducing emissions of internal combustion engines and for promoting automotive engineering education. His Ph.D. (power and propulsion) was awarded by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1985. He holds three MIT M.S. degrees: one in management, from the Sloan School of Management, 1986; one in mechanical engineering, 1982; and one in naval architecture and marine engineering. He also earned a B.Sc. in marine engineering from Newcastle University in 1980.


Roger Bezdek is president of Management Information Services, Inc., a Washington, D.C.-based consulting firm. Dr. Bezdek has 30 years experience in consulting and management in the energy, utility, environmental, and regulatory areas. He has served as corporate director, corporate president and CEO, university professor, research director at



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C Committee Biographical Sketches Andrew Brown, Jr. (NAE) is executive director and chief Hall of Fame, Convergence Transportation Electronics technologist at the Delphi Corporation, where he reports to Foundation, National Council of Engineering Examiners, CEO/president and division presidents on matters of innova- State of Michigan Board of Professional Engineers, and the tion and technology. He represents Delphi globally in outside WSR College of Engineering Board of Advisors. Dr. Brown forums on matters of technology and innovation, including has been an adjunct professor at WSU, the University of government and regulatory agencies, customers, alliance Michigan, and Tsinghua University (Beijing, China). As an partners, vendors, contracting agencies, and academia. Previ- ordained deacon, he has conducted religious/medical mis- ously, he was responsible for leading Delphi’s engineering sions in Jamaica and South Africa. community of 17,000 engineers and scientists with a budget Dennis N. Assanis (NAE) is the Jon R. and Beverly S. Holt of nearly $2 billion annually. Dr. Brown came to Delphi from the General Motors Research and Development Center in Professor of Engineering in the Mechanical Engineering Warren, Michigan, where he served as director of strategic Department; director of the Michigan Memorial Phoenix futures and research and was responsible for managing GM’s Energy Institute, co-director of the General Motors Engine envisioning process and directing various research projects. Systems Research Collaborative Research Laboratory; and He served as manager of Saturn car facilities from 1985 to director of the W.E. Lay Automotive Laboratory at the Uni- 1987. At Saturn he was on the Site Selection Team and was versity of Michigan. Dr. Assanis is recognized internationally responsible for the conceptual design and engineering of this for his innovative development of modeling methodologies innovative manufacturing facility. Dr. Brown began his GM and experimental techniques that have shed light on complex career as a project engineer in manufacturing development thermal, fluid, and chemical phenomena that occur in internal in 1973. He progressed in the engineering field as a senior combustion engines and exhaust aftertreatment systems, with project engineer, staff development engineer, and manager applications to design integration and control of complex and of R&D for the manufacturing staff. During this period he hybrid power train systems. He was elected to the National worked on manufacturing processes and systems with an Academy of Engineering in 2008 for scientific contribu- emphasis on energy systems, productivity improvement, and tions to improving fuel economy and reducing emissions of environmental efficiency. Before joining GM he supervised internal combustion engines and for promoting automotive process development at Allied-Signal Corporation, now engineering education. His Ph.D. (power and propulsion) Honeywell, Inc., in Morristown, New Jersey. He earned a was awarded by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology bachelor of science degree in chemical engineering from in 1985. He holds three MIT M.S. degrees: one in manage- Wayne State University (WSU) in 1971. He received a mas- ment, from the Sloan School of Management, 1986; one in ter of business administration in finance and marketing from mechanical engineering, 1982; and one in naval architecture WSU in 1975 and a master of science degree in mechanical and marine engineering. He also earned a B.Sc. in marine engineering with a focus on energy and environmental engi- engineering from Newcastle University in 1980. neering from the University of Detroit, Mercy, in 1978. He Roger Bezdek is president of Management Information completed the Penn State Executive Management Course in 1979. A registered professional engineer, Dr. Brown earned Services, Inc., a Washington, D.C.-based consulting firm. a doctorate of engineering in 1992. He is currently or has Dr. Bezdek has 30 years experience in consulting and man- served on the boards of the following organizations: Society agement in the energy, utility, environmental, and regula- of Automotive Engineers, Engineering Society of Detroit, tory areas. He has served as corporate director, corporate Convergence Education Foundation, National Inventors president and CEO, university professor, research director at 0

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0 TECHNOLOGIES AND APPROACHES TO REDUCING THE FUEL CONSUMPTION OF MEDIUM- AND HEAVY-DUTY VEHICLES the Energy Research and Development Administration/De- Transportation, the National Science Foundation, the U.S. partment of Energy, senior advisor on energy in the Office Department of Transportation, the National Truck Stop of the Secretary of the Treasury, and as a participant in the Operators, United Parcel Service, the U.S. Department of U.S. State Department’s AMPART program for Asia. He Energy, and the U.S. Army Logistics Agency. He has au- has been a consultant to the White House, federal and state thored three books: The Economic Effects of Surface Freight government agencies, and various corporations and research Deregulation (Brookings Institution, 1990), Logistics and organizations, including the National Academy of Sciences. the Extended Enterprise: Benchmarks and Best Practices His consulting background includes energy technology and for the Manufacturing Professional (John Wiley & Sons, market forecasting, estimating costs and benefits of environ- 1999), and In Real Time: Managing the New Supply Chain mental legislation and regulation, assessment of energy and (Praeger Books, 2004). He holds a Ph.D. in geography from environmental R&D programs, and energy price and market the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. forecasting. A recent study he conducted evaluated the costs Duke Drinkard is retired and works part-time as president and benefits of light-duty fuel economy standards. He also served as a member of the National Research Council’s of the 21st Century Driver and Truck Alliance and as an Committee on Energy Futures and Air Pollution in Urban energy consultant. After high school he worked for South- China and the United States. Dr. Bezdek received his Ph.D. eastern Freight Lines for 48 years in various jobs, including; in economics from the University of Illinois, Urbana. dock worker, all jobs in the maintenance shop, pickup and delivery driver, road driver, dock foreman, driver trainer, Nigel N. Clark is professor and director of the Center for building maintenance, real estate, field engineer, director of Alternative Fuels, Engines, and Emissions, Mechanical maintenance, and vice president of maintenance. He was a and Aerospace Engineering, and holds the George Berry member of the North Carolina Maintenance Council, found- Chair of Engineering, College of Engineering and Mineral ing member of the South Carolina Maintenance Council, and Resources, University of West Virginia (UWV). He has past member of the RCCC and ATA’s TAG committee. He also held assistant and associate professor positions there. served in all positions, including chair of the TMC and the Previous positions include factory survey engineer with the South Carolina Maintenance Council, chair of the Future Water Research Commission, Durban, South Africa, and Truck Committee and VMRS Committee, and vice chair contract researcher for the Council for Mineral Technology, of the S-6 and S-12 study groups of TMC, and he currently Durban, South Africa. Dr. Clark’s areas of interest include cochairs the Far Horizons Committee and is a member of vehicle design, advanced vehicle concepts, alternative fuels, the S-11 Energy Conservation Study Group. He has made and measurement and reduction of vehicle emissions. He presentations before many groups, including the Society of has published extensively in the areas of particle science Automotive Engineers and the New Zealand Safety Council. and multiphase systems. He has conducted research and He holds an associate degree in mechanical engineering from published in the areas of fuel economy and emissions from Midland Technical College. heavy-duty vehicles, including buses and heavy hybrid ve- David E. Foster is professor of mechanical engineering, hicles. He received the College of Engineering and Mineral Resources Outstanding Researcher Award and the Research- University of Wisconsin, Madison, and director of the Engine er of the Year Award from the UWV, College of Engineering Research Center. A member of the faculty at the University and Mineral Resources. He has a Ph.D. in engineering and a of Wisconsin since completing his Ph.D., Dr. Foster teaches B.S. in chemical engineering from the University of Natal, and conducts research in thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, South Africa. internal combustion engines, and emission formation pro- cesses. His work has focused specifically on perfecting the Thomas M. Corsi is professor and co-director of the Supply application of optical diagnostics in engine systems and the Chain Management Center, Robert H. Smith School of Busi- incorporation of simplified or phenomenological models of ness, University of Maryland. He joined the Robert H. Smith emission formation processes into engineering simulations. School of Business in 1976 as a professor of logistics and He is a recipient of the Ralph R. Teetor Award, the Forest R. transportation. He served as chairperson of the Logistics and McFarland Award, and the Lloyd L. Withrow Distinguished Transportation Group from 1986 through 1994. During that Speaker Award of the Society of Automotive Engineers and time the group received recognition from the Transportation is an SAE Fellow. He has served on a number of National Journal as the most prolific faculty group in the nation based Research Council committees including the Committee on on published research in the field. He is an associate editor Review of the Research Program of the Partnership for a of the Logistics and Transportation Reiew and serves on the New Generation of Vehicles and the FreedomCAR and Fuel editorial review board of the Transportation Journal. He has Partnership. He is a registered professional engineer in the authored more than 100 articles on logistics and transporta - State of Wisconsin and has won departmental, engineering tion. He has consulted for such organizations as the Interstate society, and university awards for his classroom teaching. He Commerce Commission, the Maryland State Department of received a B.S. and an M.S. in mechanical engineering from

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0 APPENDIX C the University of Wisconsin and a Ph.D. in mechanical engi- progress. He is a licensed professional engineer in the State neering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. of Tennessee and has a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the University of Tennessee. Roger D. Fruechte retired from General Motors in 2003 Garrick Hu retired in 2008 after 36 years in the commercial as director of the Electrical and Controls Integration Lab at GM’s R&D center in Warren, Michigan, and as co-director vehicle industry and now works as a consultant in the area of of the Collaborative Research Laboratory at Carnegie Mel- strategic technology related to heavy trucks. He last served as lon University. He was responsible for research in the areas vice-president of global engineering for ArvinMeritor Com - of active safety, including crash avoidance, vehicle electri- mercial Vehicle Systems. While at ArvinMeritor he directed cal architecture, chassis and power train control, hybrid the concept and development of a plug-in battery electric vehicles, and telematics. He began his career with GM as a vehicle program with Unicell and Purolator, as well as the development engineer with the Delco Electronics Division concept and development of a dual-mode hybrid electric in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He then spent 31 years at the GM Class 8 vehicle in partnership with International Truck and R&D center working on various automotive control system Engine, Cummins Engine Company, and WalMart. Prior to projects and intelligent transportation systems. He currently joining ArvinMeritor, he was group vice-president of ad- serves as a member of the Vincent Bendix Automotive Elec- vanced engineering for Volvo Global Trucks. He also served tronics Engineering Award Board for SAE, as a design judge as a group vice-president for the Renault/Mack Group and as for the Intelligent Ground Vehicle Competition, and as a senior vice-president for Mack Truck Company. He has also member of Kettering University’s ECE Industrial Advisory worked as director of advanced vehicle systems concepts and Board. He received the B.E.E. from Kettering University, development for International Truck and Engine Company. an M.S.E.E. from the University of Toledo, and a Ph.D. in He was director of engineering at Kenworth Truck Company electrical engineering with a specialty in automatic control and general manager of the Paccar Technical Center. He has from the University of Wisconsin, Madison. served as vice-chair of the Truck Manufacturers Association and as chairman of the Society of Automotive Engineers Ron Graves is director of the Fuels, Engines, and Emissions Vehicle Dynamics subcommittee. He is on the external ad- Research Center (FEERC) with programmatic, technical, and visory board of the University of Michigan Transportation strategic responsibility for this U.S. Department of Energy Research Institute and serves on the visiting committee of the (DOE) User Facility and the numerous projects conducted University of Michigan Dearborn College of Engineering. therein. He joined Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) He holds undergraduate and graduate degrees in mechanical in 1976. He was national project manager for the DOE Alter- engineering from the University of Michigan and an M.B.A. native Fuels Utilization Program from 1984 to 1990, during from Chapman College. which he started the fuels-engine laboratory at ORNL that John H. Johnson is a presidential professor with the Depart- grew to be FEERC. He was technical manager of DOE’s earliest projects in diesel emission controls. He was chosen ment of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics, by DOE to be technical coordinator for the Diesel Crosscut Michigan Technological University (MTU), and a fellow of Team in 1997 and continues in that role. He was a member of the Society of Automotive Engineers and the American So- the DOE/Industry Advanced-Petroleum Based Fuels Steer- ciety of Mechanical Engineers. His experience spans a wide ing Committee, the DOE program that contributed heavily to range of analysis and experimental work related to advanced the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency rule for lowering engine concepts, diesel and other internal combustion engine sulfur in diesel fuel in December 2000. Dr. Graves is ORNL’s emissions studies, fuel systems, and engine simulation. He representative to the 21st Century Truck Partnership “Lab was previously a project engineer with the U.S. Army Tank Council” and is responsible for facilitating the engine-fuels Automotive Center and chief engineer at Applied Engine efforts in that government-industry initiative. He was a major Research, the International Harvester Co., before joining the contributor to DOE’s heavy vehicle R&D plans from 1983 MTU mechanical engineering faculty. He served as chair of to 1997 and then authored the emission-control sections of the MTU mechanical engineering and engineering mechan- the 21st Century Truck Technical Roadmap in 2000. He is ics department from 1986 to 1993. He has served on many an invited member of the FreedomCAR Advanced Combus- committees related to engine technology, engine emissions, tion and Emission Control Tech Team and also a member of and health effects—for example, committees of the Society the Coordinating Research Council Working Group on Ad- of Automotive Engineers, the National Research Council vanced Vehicle Fuels and Lubricants. He has a record of over (NRC), the Combustion Institute, the Health Effects Institute, 55 publications and reports that encompass subjects in fossil and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and he serves energy, internal combustion engines, fuels, and materials. He as a consultant to a number of government and private-sector is a fellow of the Society of Automotive Engineers and has institutions. In particular, he served on the NRC Committee organized or chaired over 20 technical sessions at technical on Fuel Economy of Automobiles and Light Trucks, the conferences. He has three patents, with an additional one in Committee on Advanced Automotive Technologies Plan,

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0 TECHNOLOGIES AND APPROACHES TO REDUCING THE FUEL CONSUMPTION OF MEDIUM- AND HEAVY-DUTY VEHICLES and the Committee on Impact and Effectiveness of Corporate from General Motors Institute/Kettering University and an Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards and chaired the M.S. in mechanical engineering from the Massachusetts Committee on Review of DOE’s Office of Heavy Vehicle Institute of Technology. Technologies. He recently served as the chair of the NRC Thomas E. Reinhart is program manager, Engine Design & Committee on Review of the 21st Century Truck Partnership and is a member of the NRC Committee on Technologies Development, Engine, Emissions, and Vehicle Research Di- for Improving the Fuel Economy of Light-Duty Vehicles. vision, Southwest Research Institute. His previous positions He received his Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the were with Cummins, Inc., Columbus, Indiana, 1980-2000 University of Wisconsin. (Noise, Vibration and Harshness [NVH] engineer, 1980- 1984; senior engineer, Midrange Engine NVH, 1984-1987; Drew Kodjak is executive director of the International manager, Noise and Vibration Technology, 1987-1994; Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT), a group of gov- director, Noise and Vibration Technology, 1994-2000); ernment environmental regulators and international experts Roush Industries, Inc., Livonia, Michigan, program manag- from around the world who participate as individuals with er—Powertrain NVH, 2001-2004; and Visteon Corporation, a common purpose of improving the environmental perfor- Van Buren Township, Michigan, senior manager—chassis mance and efficiency of vehicles and fuels. Prior to joining systems NVH, 2004-2005. He leads projects in engine de- the ICCT in 2005, Mr. Kodjak served as program director sign, performance, and emissions development and gasoline for the D.C.-based National Commission on Energy Policy, and diesel engine NVH improvement. He has led a number of a bipartisan 16-member commission of energy experts that programs, including several emissions reduction projects and released a highly influential report, Ending the Energy Stale- the clean sheet design and development of a new off-highway mate, in December 2004. Earlier, Mr. Kodjak spent several diesel engine. Mr. Reinhart has over 25 years of experience in years as an attorney-advisor to the U.S. Environmental Pro- diesel engine and power train design, analysis, and develop- tection Agency’s Office of Transportation and Air Quality ment, with particular expertise in noise and vibration testing in Ann Arbor, Michigan. During his tenure with the EPA, and analysis. He has published 14 technical papers on a range Mr. Kodjak was awarded the Gold Medal for his work on of diesel NVH topics. He has a wide range of experience in the heavy-duty diesel rule. Mr. Kodjak is a member of bar the NVH issues of applications, ranging from trucks through associations in Minnesota, New Jersey, and the District of agricultural equipment, construction, forestry, marine, rail, Columbia Court of Appeals. and military vehicles. Mr. Reinhart has worked with custom- ers on a range of issues, including NVH, drivability, fuel David F. Merrion is chair of David F. Merrion, LLC, chair consumption, and adaptation of engines to a wide range of of Green Vision Technology, and a member of the board of applications. He holds four patents for ideas related to diesel directors of Clean Diesel Technologies, Inc. and Hy-Drive engine NVH control. For several years he was a member of Technologies, Ltd. He retired as executive vice president Cummins’ patent review committee. His work experience of engineering for Detroit Diesel Corporation (DDC). His also covers a wide range of development projects on gaso- positions at DDC included staff engineer, emissions and line and diesel engines, as well as transmissions and fuel combustion; staff engineer, research and development; chief cell vehicle power trains. He is a member of the Institute of engineer, applications; director, diesel engineering; general Noise Control Engineering (INCE), the Society of Automo- director, engineering (engines and transmissions); and senior tive Engineers, and the International Institute of Acoustics vice president, engineering. He has extensive expertise in and Vibration. He is also a member of the board of directors the research, development, and manufacturing of advanced of INCE. He has been a member of the organizing commit- diesel engines, including alternative fueled engines. He is a tee for the SAE Noise and Vibration Conference since 2002 Society of Automotive Engineers fellow and member of the and chair of the Diesel Noise session at this conference since American Society of Mechanical Engineers. He served as 2003. He has a B.S. and an M.S. in mechanical engineering former president of the Engine Manufacturers Association from Purdue University. and as a member of Environmental Protection Agency’s Aymeric P. Rousseau is manager of the Advanced Power- (EPA) Mobile Sources Technical Advisory Committee, the Coordinating Research Council, and the U.S. Alternate Fu- train Vehicle Modeling Team at Argonne National Labora- els Council. He served on the National Research Council’s tory. He received his engineering diploma at the Industrial Standing Committee to Review the Partnership for a New System Engineering School in La Rochelle, France, in 1997. Generation of Vehicles program and more recently as a After working for PSA Peugeot Citroen for several years in member of the Committee on Review of the 21st Century the hybrid electric vehicle research department, he joined Truck Partnership. He is a consultant to the DDC, which Argonne National Laboratory where he is now responsible included compliance auditor for the consent decree signed for development of the Powertrain System Analysis Toolkit with EPA/California Air Resources Board/Department of (PSAT). PSAT is the primary vehicle model for all Freedom- Justice in 1998. He has a B.S. in mechanical engineering CAR and 21st Century Truck Partnership activities by the

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0 APPENDIX C U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and counts several hun- transportation sector. Dr. Winebrake’s recent research has dred users. PSAT is currently used by the DOE to support been on sustainable goods movement, including evaluations the Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Loan of greenhouse gas emissions from trucks, trains, ships, and Program. He was awarded an R&D 100 Award in 2004, pre- planes. At RIT, Dr. Winebrake is co-director of the Labora- sented to the 100 most technologically significant new prod- tory for Environmental Computing and Decision Making ucts and processes introduced into the market each year for and director of the University-National Park Energy Part- the development of PSAT. PSAT is currently used by more nership Program. Dr. Winebrake received a B.S. in physics than 130 companies worldwide with more than 750 users. He from Lafayette College, an M.S. in technology and policy also has helped to provide direction to DOE’s R&D activities from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and a Ph.D. with the publication of dozens of technical papers. in energy management and policy from the University of Pennsylvania. Charles K. Salter is retired after working 39 years with John Woodrooffe heads the Transportation Safety Analysis Mack Trucks, Inc./Volvo PowerTrain NA (3.5 years). His experience covers a wide range of heavy-duty diesel engine Division, University of Michigan Transportation Institute engineering and development. His most recent position (UMTRI). He is responsible for the Center for National was as executive director, of engine development, where Truck and Bus Statistics, which conducts nationwide surveys he was responsible for all engine/system functions (design of Trucks Involved in Fatal Accidents and Buses Involved and analysis; emissions control/fuel economy optimization; in Fatal Accidents, and the Statistical Analysis Group, electronics system development, performance durability test- which performs analytical modeling and conducts research ing, manufacturing, supplier, sales and service liaison). This to advance statistical methods for road and vehicle safety responsibility included design and production introduction analysis. He is an international expert on policy and safety of the world’s first fully electronically controlled diesel unit evaluation of combination vehicles. Prior to joining UM- pumps for 12-liter, six-cylinder engines in 1990. He jointly TRI, Mr. Woodrooffe founded the Road Vehicle Research initiated (with Detroit Diesel) and developed, with the En- Program at the National Research Council of Canada and vironmental Protections Agency (EPA) and various industry developed it into a successful, internationally active heavy participants a urea infrastructure for targeted 2007 calendar truck research laboratory. He was a consultant to Australia’s year engine production (then delayed to 2010). He par- National Road Transport Commission for a unique 3-year ticipated in industry collaborative research through the U.S. p erformance-based standards development project that Department of Energy Diesel Crosscut Committee, which produced a new performance-based regulatory system for was part of the 21st Century Truck Partnership. He was a large vehicle combinations. He has also served as chair of consultant to Volvo PowerTrain NA from 2005 to 2007 on an the Large Truck-Tractor Trailer working group for the 21st advanced large truck diesel exhaust gas recirculation cooler Century Truck Partnership through the U.S. Department of vibration study/amelioration and on heavy-duty truck hybrid Energy. The program evaluated vehicle systems and forecast- power train duty cycle test procedure development for com- ed the probable influence of emerging technologies on fuel parative fuel consumption (EPA/industry/HTUF). He has consumption and vehicle emissions. Mr. Woodrooffe holds been a member of the Society of Automotive Engineers for master’s and bachelor’s degrees in mechanical engineering 43 years; an organizer for World Congress technical sessions from the University of Ottawa. on heavy-duty diesel fuel injection systems for several years; Martin B. Zimmerman is Ford Motor Company Clinical and company representative to the Engine Manufacturers Association for 25 years, including 13 years on its board of Professor of Business Administration, University of Michi- directors, where he has been treasurer, vice president, and gan. His career has spanned academia, government, and president. He holds a B.S. in mechanical engineering from business. He has served as chief economist and group vice Pennsylvania State University and an M.S. in engineering, president at Ford Motor Company, where he was responsible solid mechanics, from the University of Maryland. for corporate economics, governmental affairs, environmen- tal and safety engineering, and corporate social responsibil- James J. Winebrake is chair of the Department of Science, ity. Prior to joining Ford he taught at the Business School Technology, and Society/Public Policy at Rochester Institute of the University of Michigan and at the Sloan School of of Technology (RIT). Dr. Winebrake focuses his research on Management at MIT. He serves on the National Commission solving problems related to energy security, environmental on Energy Policy and also served as a member of the Panel quality, and transportation. He has published extensively in of Economic Advisers of the Congressional Budget Office scholarly journals, coauthored a textbook on environmental and as a Senior Staff Economist on the President’s Council of modeling, and was editor and lead contributor for a book on Economic Advisors. His research is concerned with energy alternative energy. He is also co-principal investigator on a policy, government regulation of business, and economic recently awarded $2 million National Science Foundation developments in the automotive industry. He earned an A.B. grant to study the impact of greenhouse gas policies on the from Dartmouth College (1967) and a Ph.D. from the Mas- sachusetts Institute of Technology (1975).

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