D
Abbreviations and Acronyms

21CTP 21st Century Truck Partnership

ABS antilock brake system

ACC adaptive cruise control

ACEA European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association

AMPT alternative maritime power

AMT automated manual transmission

ANL Argonne National Laboratory

APU auxiliary power unit

AT automatic transmission

ATI automatic tire inflation

BAC battery air conditioning

BES (Office of) Basic Energy Sciences (DOE)

BOP balance of plant

BSFC brake-specific fuel consumption

Btu British thermal unit

C&S codes and standards

CAFE corporate average fuel economy

CAR Cooperative Automotive Research

CARB California Air Resources Board

CCP coordinated cam phasers

CCPPR capital cost per percent reduction

CCS carbon capture and sequestration

Cd drag coefficient

CDL commercial driver’s license

CFD computational fluid dynamics

CFRP carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer

CIL component-in-the-loop

CLEERS crosscut lean exhaust emission reduction simulation

CMEM Comprehensive Modal Emissions Model

CNG compressed natural gas

CO2 carbon dioxide

CO carbon monoxide

COE center of excellence

CPM cost per mile

CRC Coordinating Research Council

Crr coefficient of rolling resistance

CVISN Commercial Vehicle Information System and Networks Program

CVO commercial vehicle operations

CVT continuously variable transmission

DCP dual cam phasers

DCT dual clutch transmission

DDC Detroit Diesel Corporation

Deac cylinder deactivation

DF durability/deterioration factor

DOC U.S. Department of Commerce

DOC diesel oxidation catalyst

DOE U.S. Department of Energy

DOT U.S. Department of Transportation

DPF diesel particulate filter

DSRC Dedicated Short Range Communications

DTI Directed Technologies, Inc.

DTT delivery technical team

DVVL discrete variable valve lift

E85 85 percent ethanol

EC European Commission

EERE (Office of) Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

EEA Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc.

EGR exhaust gas recirculation

EIA Energy Information Administration

EISA Energy Independence and Security Act

EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

ePTO electric power takeoff

ePS electric power steering

EPS electrified parking space

ePump electric engine oil and coolant pump

ETC electronic toll collection

EUCAR European Council for Automotive R&D

EU European Union

EV battery electric vehicle



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D Abbreviations and Acronyms 21CTP 21st Century Truck Partnership CRC Coordinating Research Council Crr coefficient of rolling resistance ABS antilock brake system CVISN Commercial Vehicle Information System and ACC adaptive cruise control Networks Program ACEA European Automobile Manufacturers’ CVO commercial vehicle operations Association CVT continuously variable transmission AMPT alternative maritime power AMT automated manual transmission DCP dual cam phasers ANL Argonne National Laboratory DCT dual clutch transmission APU auxiliary power unit DDC Detroit Diesel Corporation AT automatic transmission Deac cylinder deactivation ATI automatic tire inflation DF durability/deterioration factor DOC U.S. Department of Commerce BAC battery air conditioning DOC diesel oxidation catalyst BES (Office of) Basic Energy Sciences (DOE) DOE U.S. Department of Energy BOP balance of plant DOT U.S. Department of Transportation BSFC brake-specific fuel consumption DPF diesel particulate filter Btu British thermal unit DSRC Dedicated Short Range Communications DTI Directed Technologies, Inc. C&S codes and standards DTT delivery technical team CAFE corporate average fuel economy DVVL discrete variable valve lift CAR Cooperative Automotive Research CARB California Air Resources Board E85 85 percent ethanol CCP coordinated cam phasers EC European Commission CCPPR capital cost per percent reduction EERE (Office of) Energy Efficiency and Renewable CCS carbon capture and sequestration Energy Cd drag coefficient EEA Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. CDL commercial driver’s license EGR exhaust gas recirculation CFD computational fluid dynamics EIA Energy Information Administration CFRP carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer EISA Energy Independence and Security Act CIL component-in-the-loop EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency CLEERS crosscut lean exhaust emission reduction ePTO electric power takeoff simulation ePS electric power steering CMEM Comprehensive Modal Emissions Model EPS electrified parking space CNG compressed natural gas ePump electric engine oil and coolant pump CO2 carbon dioxide ETC electronic toll collection CO carbon monoxide EUCAR European Council for Automotive R&D COE center of excellence EU European Union CPM cost per mile EV battery electric vehicle 

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 TECHNOLOGIES AND APPROACHES TO REDUCING THE FUEL CONSUMPTION OF MEDIUM- AND HEAVY-DUTY VEHICLES FACE fuels for advanced combustion engines ITS intelligent transportation system FC fuel consumption IVT Intelligent Vehicle Technologies FCC Federal Communications Commission FCHEV fuel cell hybrid electric vehicle kg kilogram FE fuel economy kW kilowatt FFV flexible fuel vehicle kWe kilowatt (electric) FMVSS Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard kWh kilowatt-hour FOH fuel-operated heater FPITT fuel pathway integration technical team Li-ion lithium ion FTP federal test procedure LCV longer combination vehicle LCFS low-carbon fuel standard GATE Graduate Automotive Technology Education LNC lean NOx catalyst GDI gasoline direct injection LNG liquefied natural gas GDL gas diffusion layer LPG liquefied petroleum gas GFRP glass-fiber-reinforced plastic LSFC load-specific fuel consumption gge gallons gasoline equivalent LTC low-temperature combustion GHG greenhouse gas GPS Global Positioning System M85 85 percent methanol GREET Greenhouse Gas, Regulated Emissions, and MARKAL Market Analysis (model) Energy Use in Transportation (model) MATT modular automotive technology testbed GS generator set MBD Model-Based Design GVW gross vehicle weight MEA membrane electrode assembly GVWR gross vehicle weight rating Meeh mechanical driven accessories GW gigawatt (1 billion watts) MHDVs medium- and heavy-duty vehicles MOU memorandum of understanding H or H2 hydrogen MPa megapascal H2A Hydrogen Technology Analysis (model) mpg miles per gallon HAMMER Hazardous Materials Management and MSM MacroSystem Model Emergency Response (facility) MT manual transmission HC hydrocarbon MWe megawatt (electric) HCCI homogeneous charge compression ignition heAlt high-efficiency alternator NAE National Academy of Engineering HEV hybrid electric vehicle NAS National Academy of Sciences HFCIT Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure NE Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE) Technologies (program) NEMS National Energy Modeling System HFCV hydrogen fuel cell vehicle NFPA National Fire Protection Association HFET highway fuel economy test NGNP Next-Generation Nuclear Powerplant HFI Hydrogen Fuels Initiative NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety HHDDT Heavy Heavy-Duty Diesel Truck schedule Administration HHV hydraulic hybrid vehicle NiMH nickel metal hydride HIL hardware-in-the-loop NIST National Institute of Standards and HILS hardware-in-the-loop simulation Technology HLA hydraulic launch assist NOx nitrogen oxides HOT high-occupancy toll (lane) NORPASS North American Preclearance and Safety HOV high-occupancy vehicle (lanes) System HSS high-strength steel NPC National Petroleum Council HV hybrid vehicle NPV net present value HVAC heating, ventilation, and air conditioning NRC National Research Council HyTrans Hydrogen Transition (model) NREL National Renewable Energy Laboratory ICC International Codes Council O&M operation and maintenance ICE internal combustion engine OBD onboard diagnostic (system) IEA International Energy Agency OCTA Orange County Transit Authority IGBT insulated gate bipolar transistor OEM original equipment manufacturer IGCC integrated gasification combined cycle O&M operations and maintenance

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 APPENDIX D ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory SCI special crash investigation SCR selective catalytic reduction PBA (Office of) Planning, Budget, and Analysis SER strategic environmental review (DOE) SiC silicon carbide PCCI premix charge compression ignition SIL software-in-the-loop PCE passenger car equivalent SMR steam methane reforming PDP product development process SNL Sandia National Laboratories PEIS programmatic environmental impact statement SRI Stanford Research Institute PEM proton exchange membrane STTR small business technology transfer PeMS (California) performance measurement system SUV sport utility vehicle PHEV plug-in hybrid electric vehicle SwRI Southwest Research Institute PHMSA Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration TG number of transmission gears PM particulate matter TMC traffic management center PNGV Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles TP test procedure PNNL Pacific Northwest National Laboratory TPMS tire pressure monitoring system PRD pressure relief device TRB Transportation Research Board PSAT Powertrain Systems Analysis Toolkit TREAD Transportation Recall Enhancement, PSR power split ratio Accountability, and Documentation PTO power takeoff TSS thermal storage system PV photovoltaic UC ultracapacitor RCP rapid control prototyping UDDS Urban Dynamic Driving Schedule RDR rear drive ratio USABC U.S. Advanced Battery Consortium RFP request for proposal USCAR U.S. Council for Automotive Research RITA Research and Innovative Technology Administration (DOT) VDP Vehicle Development Process RMC ramp modal cycle VGT variable geometry turbine ROI return on investment VITT Vehicles Integration Tag Team RPE retail price equivalent VIUS Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey rpm revolutions per minute VMT vehicle miles traveled RSPA Research and Special Projects Administration VVA variable valve actuation (DOT) VVL variable valve lift VVT variable valve timing SA selective availability (of GPS signal) SAE Society of Automotive Engineers WAAS weighted aerodynamic average speed SBIR Small Business Innovation Research WBS wide-base single (tires for low rolling resistance)

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