. "2 Vehicle Fundamentals, Fuel Consumption, and Emissions." Technologies and Approaches to Reducing the Fuel Consumption of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2010.
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Technologies and Approaches to Reducing the Fuel Consumption of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles
Clark, N.N., M. Gautam, W. Riddle, R.D. Nine, and W.S. Wayne. 2004. Examination of a heavy-duty diesel truck chassis dynamometer schedule. SAE Paper 2004-01-2904. SAE Powertrain Conference, Tampa, Fla., Oct.
CRC (Coordinating Research Council), March 2002. Qualification of the Heavy Heavy-Duty Diesel Truck Schedule and Development of Test Procedures. Final Report, CRC Project E-55-2.
Davies, C., J. Findsen, and L. Pedraza 2005. Assessment of the Greenhouse Gas Emission Benefits of Heavy Duty Natural Gas Vehicles in the United States. Final Report, September 22. Prepared for the U.S. Department of Transportation, Center for Climate Change and Environmental Forecasting, Washington, D.C.
Davis, S., and S. Diegel. 2007. Transportation Energy Data Book Edition 26. Oak Ridge, Tenn.: Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
DOE/EERE (U.S. Department of Energy/Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy). 2009. 2008 Vehicle Technologies Market Report. Golden, Colo.: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. July. Available at http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy09osti/46018.pdf.
EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2004. The MOVES Approach to Model Emission Model. Presentation to the Coordinating Research Council’s 14th On-Road Vehicle Emission Workshop, San Diego, Calif., March 29-31. Available at http://www.epa.gov/otaq/models/ngm/may04/crc0304a.pdf.
Frey, C., and J. Zheng. 2002. Probabilistic analysis of driving cycle-based highway vehicle emission factors. Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 35 (23), October 30, pp. 5184-5191.
Gautam, M., N.N. Clark, W. Riddle, R. Nine, W.S. Wayne, H. Maldonado, A. Agrawal, and M. Carlock. 2002. Development and initial use of a heavy duty diesel truck test schedule for emissions characterization. SAETransactions: Journal of Fuels & Lubricants, Vol. 111, pp. 812-825.
Gaylard, A.P. 2009. The appropriate use of CF in the automotive design process. SAE Paper 2009-01-1162. Presented at the SAE World Congress and Exhibition, Detroit, Mich. April.
Gaylard, Adrian Philip. The appropriate use of CFD in the Automotive Design Process, SAE 2009-01-1162. April 2009.
Graboski, M.S., R.L. McCormick, J. Yanowitz, and L. Ryan. 1998. Heavy-duty diesel vehicle testing for the northern front range air quality study. Fort Collins, Colo.: February.
Larrick, R.P., and J.B. Soll. 2008. The MPG illusion. Science, Vol. 320, June 20.
Metro Magazine. 2009. 2009 Fact Book.
Nam, E. 2009. Drive cycle development and real-world data in the United States: Why drive cycles are important. Presentation by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency at WLTP meeting Geneva, January 15.
Nine, R.D., N.N. Clark, and P. Norton. 2000. Effect of emissions on multiple driving test schedules performed on two heavy duty vehicles. SAE Paper 2000-01-2818. Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, Baltimore, Md. October.
SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) Standards, Procedures, and Recommended Practices. Warrendale, Pa.: SAE International.Various years:
SAE J1082. Fuel Economy Measurement Road Test Procedure. February 2008.
SAE 1252. SAE Wind Tunnel Text Procedure for Trucks and Buses. Warrendale, Penn.: SAE International. July 1981; update in progress.
SAE J1263. Road Load Measurement and Dynamometer Simulation Using Coastdown Techniques. January 2009.
SAE J1264. Joint Rccc/SAE Fuel Consumption Test Procedure (Short Term In-Service Vehicle), Type I. October 1986; update in progress.
SAE J1321. Joint Tmc/SAE Fuel Consumption Test Procedure—Type II. October 1986; update in progress
SAE J1376. Fuel Economy Measurement Test (Engineering Type) for Trucks and Busses. July 1982.
SAE J1711. Recommended Practice for Measuring the Exhaust Emissions and Fuel Economy of Hybrid-Electric Vehicles. March 1999; update in progress.
SAE J2263. Road Load Measurement Using Onboard Anemometry and Coastdown Techniques. December 2008.
SAE J2264. Chassis Dynamometer Simulation of Road Load Using Coast-down Techniques. April 1995; update in progress.
SAE J2452. Stepwise Coastdown Methodology for Measuring Tire Rolling Resistance. June 1999; update in progress.
SAE J2711 Recommended Practice for Measuring Fuel Economy and Emissions of Hybrid-Electric and Conventional Heavy-Duty Vehicles. September 2002.
Thompson, G.J., N.N. Clark, R.J. Atkinson, Z. Luzader, F.L. Vanscoy, V. Baker, and J. Chandler. 2004 Development of an interface method for implementing road grade in chassis dynamometer testing. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Paper ICEF2004-896. Internal Combustion Engine Division 2004, ASME Fall Technical Conference, October 24-27, Long Beach, Calif.
TMA (Truck Manufacturers Association). 2007. Test, Evaluation, and Demonstration of Practical Devices/Systems to Reduce Aerodynamic Drag of Tractor/Semitrailer Combination Unit Trucks. Contract Number DE-FC26-04NT42117. National Energy Technology Laboratory, Morgantown, W.Va. April.
Walkowicz, K. 2006. Testing and evaluation of the GM/Allison Hybrid System in the King County Metro Transit Fleet. Presentation to the APTA Bus and Paratransit Conference, Seattle, Wash., May.
Wang, W., M. Gautam, X. Sun, R. Bata, N.N. Clark, G.M. Palmer, and D.W. Lyons. 1994. Emission comparisons of twenty-six heavy duty vehicles operated on conventional and alternative fuels. SAE Transactions, J.Commercial Vehicles, Vol. 102, Section 2, pp. 31-40.
Wang, W., D.W. Lyons, R. Bata, N.N. Clark, and M. Gautam. 1995. Inuse emissions tests of alternatively fueled heavy-duty vehicles with a transportable chassis dynamometer. Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part D., J.Automobile Engineering, Vol. 209.
Wayne, W.S., N.N. Clark, A.B.M.S. Khan, M. Gautam, G.J. Thompson, and D.W. Lyons. 2008. Regulated and non-regulated emissions and fuel economy from conventional diesel, hybrid-electric diesel and natural gas transit buses. Journal of the Transportation Research Forum, Vol. 47, No. 3, October, pp. 105-126.