D
Examples of Chemicals of Concern

The following Tables (D-1 through D-5) are examples of the types of chemicals that a laboratory would include in an inventory of Chemicals of Concern (COCs).

TABLE D-1 Chemical Weapons and Chemical Weapons Precursorsa:

Chemical of Concern

Synonym

CAS Registry Numberb

1,4-Bis(2-chloroethylthio)-n-butane

 

142868-93-7

Bis(2-chloroethylthio)methane

 

63869-13-6

Bis(2-chloroethylthiomethyl)ether

 

63918-90-1

1,5-Bis(2-chloroethylthio)-n-pentane

 

142868-94-8

1,3-Bis(2-chloroethylthio)-n-propane

 

63905-10-2

2-Chloroethylchloro-methylsulfide

 

2625-76-5

Chlorosarin

O-Isopropyl methylphosphonochloridate

1445-76-7

Chlorosoman

O-Pinacolyl methylphosphonochloridate

7040-57-5



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D Examples of Chemicals of Concern The following Tables (D-1 through D-5) are examples of the types of chemicals that a laboratory would include in an inventory of Chemicals of Concern (COCs). TABLE D-1 Chemical Weapons and Chemical Weapons Precursorsa: CAS Registry Numberb Chemical of Concern Synonym 1,4-Bis(2-chloroethylthio)-n- 142868-93-7 butane Bis(2-chloroethylthio)methane 63869-13-6 Bis(2-chloroethylthiomethyl)ether 63918-90-1 1,5-Bis(2-chloroethylthio)-n- 142868-94-8 pentane 1,3-Bis(2-chloroethylthio)-n- 63905-10-2 propane 2-Chloroethylchloro-methylsulfide 2625-76-5 Chlorosarin O-Isopropyl 1445-76-7 methylphosphonochloridate Chlorosoman O-Pinacolyl 7040-57-5 methylphosphonochloridate continued 

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 APPENDIX D TABLE D-1 Continued CAS Registry Numberb Chemical of Concern Synonym DF Methyl phosphonyl difluoride 676-99-3 Ethyl phosphonyl difluoride 753-98-0 HN1 (nitrogen mustard-1) Bis(2-chloroethyl)ethylamine 538-07-8 HN2 (nitrogen mustard-2) Bis(2-chloroethyl)methylamine 51-75-2 HN3 (nitrogen mustard-3) Tris(2-chloroethyl)amine 555-77-1 Isopropylphosphonyl difluoride 677-42-9 Lewisite 1 2-Chlorovinyldichloroarsine 541-25-3 Lewisite 2 Bis(2-chlorovinyl)chloroarsine 40334-69-8 Lewisite 3 Tris(2-chlorovinyl)arsine 40334-70-1 Sulfur mustard (mustard gas (H)) Bis(2-chloroethyl)sulfide 505-60-2 O-Mustard (T) Bis(2-chloroethylthioethyl)ether 63918-89-8 Propylphosphonyl difluoride 690-14-2 QL O-Ethyl-O-2-diisopropylaminoethyl 57856-11-8 methylphosphonite Sarin O-Isopropyl 107-44-8 methylphosphonofluoridate Sesquimustard 1,2-Bis(2-chloroethylthio)ethane 3563-36-8 Soman O-Pinacolyl 96-64-0 methylphosphonofluoridate Tabun O-Ethyl-N,N- 77-81-6 dimethylphosphoramido-cyanidate VX O-Ethyl-S-2-diisopropylaminoethyl 50782-69-9 methyl phosphonothiolate NOTE: Toxic chemicals with few or no legitimate uses, developed or used primarily for military purposes. aU.S. Chemical Weapons Convention Schedule 1; see http://www.cwc.go/ (accessed October 28, 2009). bSee Chemical Abstract Service web site www.cas.org (accessed October 28, 2009). SOURCE: U.S. Department of Homeland Security list of Chemicals of Interest (6 CFR Part 27 Appendix to Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards; Final Rule; November 20, 2007).

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 APPENDIX D TABLE D-2 Explosives and Improvised Explosive Device Precursors CAS Registry Chemical of Concern Synonym Number Aluminum (powder) 7429-90-5 Ammonium nitrate 6484-52-2 Ammonium perchlorate 7790-98-9 Ammonium picrate 131-74-8 Barium azide 18810-58-7 Diazodinitrophenol 87-31-0 Diethyleneglycol dinitrate 693-21-0 Dingu Dinitroglycoluril 55510-04-8 Dinitrophenol 25550-58-7 Dinitroresorcinol 519-44-8 Dipicryl sulfide 2217-06-3 Dipicrylamine [or] Hexyl Hexanitrodiphenylamine 131-73-7 Guanyl nitrosaminoguanylidene hydrazine Hexanitrostilbene 20062-22-0 Hexolite Hexotol 121-82-4 HMX Cyclotetramethylene-tetranitramine 2691-41-0 Hydrogen peroxide (concentration 7722-84-1 of at least 35%) Lead azide 13424-46-9 Lead styphnate Lead trinitroresorcinate 15245-44-0 Magnesium (powder) 7439-95-4 Mercury fulminate 628-86-4 Nitrobenzene 98-95-3 5-Nitrobenzotriazol 2338-12-7 Nitrocellulose (not filters) 9004-70-0 Nitroglycerine 55-63-0 Nitromannite Mannitol hexanitrate, wetted 15825-70-4 Nitromethane 75-52-5 Nitrostarch 9056-38-6 Nitrotriazolone 932-64-9 Octolite 57607-37-1 Octonal 78413-87-3 Pentolite 8066-33-9 PETN Pentaerythritol tetranitrate 78-11-5 continued

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 APPENDIX D TABLE D-2 Continued CAS Registry Chemical of Concern Synonym Number Phosphorus 7723-14-0 Potassium chlorate 3811-04-9 Potassium nitrate 7757-79-1 Potassium perchlorate 7778-74-7 Potassium permanganate 7722-64-7 RDX Cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine 121-82-4 RDX and HMX mixtures 121-82-4 Sodium azide 26628-22-8 Sodium chlorate 7775-09-9 Sodium nitrate 7631-99-4 Tetranitroaniline 53014-37-2 Tetrazene Guanyl nitrosaminoguanyltetrazene 109-27-3 1H-Tetrazole 288-94-8 TNT Trinitrotoluene 118-96-7 Torpex Hexotonal 67713-16-0 Trinitroaniline 26952-42-1 Trinitroanisole 606-35-9 Trinitrobenzene 99-35-4 Trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid 2508-19-2 Trinitrobenzoic acid 129-66-8 Trinitrochlorobenzene 88-88-0 Trinitrofluorenone 129-79-3 Trinitro-m-cresol 602-99-3 Trinitronaphthalene 55810-17-8 Trinitrophenetole 4732-14-3 Trinitrophenol Picric acid 88-89-1 Trinitroresorcinol 82-71-3 Tritonal 54413-15-9 SOURCE: U.S. Department of Homeland Security list of Chemicals of Interest (6 CFR Part 27 Appendix to Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards; Final Rule; November 20, 2007).

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 APPENDIX D TABLE D-3 Weapons of Mass Effect Agents and Precursors CAS Registry Chemical of Concern Synonym Number 7784-42-1 Arsine 10294-33-4 Boron tribromide 10294-34-5 Boron trichloride Borane, trichloro 7637-07-2 Boron trifluoride Borane, trifluoro 13863-41-7 Bromine chloride 7787-71-5 Bromine trifluoride 25550-58-7 Dinitrophenol 519-44-8 Dinitroresorcinol 353-50-4 Carbonyl fluoride 13637-63-3 Chlorine pentafluoride 7790-91-2 Chlorine trifluoride 460-19-5 Cyanogen Ethanedinitrile 506-77-4 Cyanogen chloride 19287-45-7 Diborane 4109-96-0 Dichlorosilane Silane, dichloro- 10544-72-6 Dinitrogen tetroxide 7782-41-4 Fluorine 7782-65-2 Germane 7783-58-6 Germanium tetrafluoride 684-16-2 Hexafluoroacetone 10035-10-6 Hydrogen bromide (anhydrous) 7647-01-0 Hydrogen chloride (anhydrous) 74-90-8 Hydrogen cyanide Hydrocyanic acid 7664-39-3 Hydrogen fluoride (anhydrous) 10034-85-2 Hydrogen iodide, anhydrous 7783-07-5 Hydrogen selenide 7783-06-4 Hydrogen sulfide 74-93-1 Methyl mercaptan Methanethiol 993-00-0 Methylchlorosilane 10102-43-9 Nitric oxide Nitrogen oxide (NO) 10544-73-7 Nitrogen trioxide 2696-92-6 Nitrosyl chloride 7783-41-7 Oxygen difluoride 7616-94-6 Perchloryl fluoride continued

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0 APPENDIX D TABLE D-3 Continued CAS Registry Chemical of Concern Synonym Number Carbonic dichloride or 75-44-5 Phosgene carbonyldichloride 7803-51-2 Phosphine 7719-12-2 Phosphorus trichloride 7783-79-1 Selenium hexafluoride 7783-61-1 Silicon tetrafluoride 7803-52-3 Stibine 7446-09-5 Sulfur dioxide (anhydrous) 7783-60-0 Sulfur tetrafluoride Sulfur fluoride (SF4), (T-4)- 7783-80-4 Tellurium hexafluoride 7550-45-0 Titanium tetrachloride Titanium chloride (TiCl4) (T-4)- 354-32-5 Trifluoroacetyl chloride Tungsten hexafluoride 7783-82-6 SOuRCE: U.S. Department of Homeland Security list of Chemicals of Interest (6 CFR Part 27 Appendix to Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards; Final Rule; November 20, 2007).

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 APPENDIX D TABLE D-4 Examples of Acutely Hazardous Chemicals (Globally Harmonized System Category 1) CAS Registry Chemical of Concern Synonym Number Acrolein 2-Propenal or acrylaldehyde 107-02-8 2-Aminopyridine 462-08-8 Arsenic pentafluoride gas 784-36-3 Arsine gas 7784-42-1 Benzyl chloride 100-44-7 Boron trifluoride Borane, trifluoro 7637-07-2 Bromine 7726-95-6 Chlorine 7782-50-5 Chorine dioxide Chlorine oxide (ClO2) 10049-04-4 Chlorine trifluoride 7790-91-2 Cyanogen chloride 506-77-4 Decaborane 17702-41-9 Diazomethane 334-88-3 Diborane 19287-45-7 Dichloroacetylene 79-36-7 Dimethylmercury 593-74-8 Dimethyl sulfate 77-78-1 Dimethyl sulfide 75-18-3 Ethylene chlorohydrin 107-07-3 Ethylene fluorohydrin 371-62-0 Fluorine 7681-49-4 2-Fluoroethanol 371-62-0 Hexamethylene diiosocyanate 822-06-0 Hydrogen cyanide Hydrocyanic acid 74-90-8 Hydrogen fluoride 7664-39-3 Iron pentacarbonyl Iron carbonyl (Fe (CO)5), (Tb5-11)- 13463-40-6 Isopropyl formate 625-55-8 Methacryloyl chloride 920-46-7 Methyl acrylonitrile 2-Propenenitrile, 2-methyl- 126-98-7 Methyl chloroformate Carbonochloridic acid, methyl ester 79-22-1 Methylene biphenyl isocyanate 101-68-9 Methyl fluoroacetate 453-18-9 Methyl fluorosulfate 421-20-5 Methyl hydrazine Hydrazine, methyl- 60-34-4 continued

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 APPENDIX D TABLE D-4 Continued CAS Registry Chemical of Concern Synonym Number Methyl mercury and other organic --- forms Methyl trichlorosilane 75-79-6 Methyl vinyl ketone 78-94-4 Nickel carbonyl 13463-39-3 Nitrogen dioxide 10102-44-0 Nitrogen tetroxide 10544-72-6 Nitrogen trioxide 10544-73-7 Osmium tetroxide 20816-12-0 Oxygen difluoride 7783-41-7 Pentaborane 19624-22-7 Perchloromethlyl mercaptan Methanesulfenyl chloride, trichloro- 594-42-3 Phosgene Carbonic dichloride or carbonyl 75-45-5 dichloride Phosphine 1498-40-4 Phosphorus oxychloride Phosphoryl chloride 10025-87-3 Phosphorus pentafluoride 7641-19-0 Phosphorus trichloride 7719-12-2 Sarin O-Isopropyl 107-44-8 methylphosphonofluoridate Selenium hexafluoride 7783-79-1 Silicon tetrafluoride 7783-61-1 Sodium azide 26628-22-8 Sodium cyanide (and other 143-33-9 cyanide salts) Stibine 10025-91-9 Sulfur monochloride 10025-67-9 Sulfur pentafluoride 10546-01-7 Sulfur tetrafluoride Sulfur fluoride (SF4), (T-4)- 7783-60-0 Sulfuryl chloride 7791-25-5 Tellurium hexafluoride 7783-80-4 Tetramethyl succinonitrile 3333-52-6 Tetranitromethane Methane, tetranitro- 509-14-8 Thionyl chloride 7719-09-7 Toluene-2,4-diisocyanate 584-84-9 Trichloro(chlormethyl)silane 1558-25-4 Trimethyltin chloride 1066-45-1 SOURCE: U.S. Department of Homeland Security list of Chemicals of Interest (6 CFR Part 27 Appendix to Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards; Final Rule; November 20, 2007).

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3 APPENDIX D TABLE D-5 Chemicals Used in Clandestine Production of Illicit Drugs Chemical of Concern Target Product Acetic acid Phenyl-2-propanone (P-2-P)/cocaine Acetic anhydride Heroin/P-2-P/methaqualone Acetone Cocaine/heroin/others Acetyl chloride Heroin N-Acetylanthranilic acid Methaqualone Ammonium formate Amphetamines Ammonium hydroxide Cocaine/others Anthranilic acid Methaqualone Benzaldehyde Amphetamines Benzene Cocaine Benzyl chloride Methamphetamine Benzyl cyanide Methamphetamine 2-Butanone (methyl ethyl ketone) Cocaine Butyl acetate Cocaine N-Butyl alcohol Cocaine Calcium carbonate Cocaine/others Calcium oxide/hydroxide Cocaine/others Chloroform Cocaine/others Cyclohexanone Phencyclidine (PCP) Diacetone alcohol Cocaine Diethylamine Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) Ephedrine Methamphetamine Ergometrine (ergonovine) LSD Ergotamine LSD Ethyl acetate Cocaine Ethyl alcohol Cocaine/others Ethyl amine Ethy lamphetamine/3,4-methylenedioxy-N- ethylamphetamine (MDE) Ethyl ether Cocaine/heroin/others N-Ethy1ephedrine Ethylamphetamine/MDE N-Ethylpseudoephedrine Amphetamines Formamide Cocaine Hexane Methamphetamine Hydriodic (hydriotic) acid Cocaine/heroin/others Hydrochloric acid Cocaine Isopropyl alcohol Cocaine Isosafrole Cocaine Kerosene LSD Lysergic acid Cocaine Methyl alcohol Methamphetamine/3,4- Methylamine methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) Methylene chloride Cocaine/heroin/others 3,4-Methylenedioxyphenyl- 3,4-MethyIenedioxyamphetamine 2-propanone (MDA)/MDMA/MDE N-Methylephedrine Amphetamines N-Methylpseudoephedrine Amphetamines continued

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 APPENDIX D TABLE D-5 Continued Chemical of Concern Target Product Nitroethane Amphetamines Norpseudoephedrine 4-Methylaminorex Petroleum ether Cocaine/others Phenylacetic acid Phenyl-2-propanone Phenylpropanolamine Amphetamines/4-methylaminorex 1-Phenyl-2-propanone Amphetamines/methamphetamine Piperidine PCP Piperonal MDA/MDMA/MDE Potassium carbonate Cocaine Potassium permanganate Cocaine Propionic anhydride Fentanyl analogues Pseudoephedrine Methamphetamine Pyridine Heroin Safrole MDA/MDMA/MDE Sodium acetate P-2-P Sodium bicarbonate Cocaine/others Sodium carbonate Cocaine/others Sodium cyanide PCP Sodium hydroxide Cocaine/others Sodium suifate Cocaine/others Sulfuric acid Cocaine/others Toluene Cocaine o-Toluidine Methaqualone Xylenes Cocaine NOTE: Organizations may opt not to treat the commonly used chemicals on this list as COCs (e.g., acetone). SOURCE: Severick, James. 1993. Precursor and Essential Chemicals in Illicit Drug Produc- tion: Approaches to Enforcement, National Institute of Justice. http://www.popcenter.org/ problems/meth_labs/PDFs/Seick_3.pdf (accessed July 2009).