Arnell, N. W. 2004. Climate change and global water resources: SRES emissions and socio-economic scenarios. Global Environmental Change—Human and Policy Dimensions 14(1):31–52.

Arnfield, A. J. 2003. Two decades of urban climate research: A review of turbulence, exchanges of energy and water, and the urban heat island. International Journal of Climatology 23:1–26.

Avruskin, G., J. Meliker, and G. Jacquez. 2008. Using satelliteUsing satellite derived land cover information for a multi-temporal study of self-reported recall of proximity to farmland. Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology 18(4):381–391.

Baillie, J. E. M., C. Hilton-Taylor, and S. N. Stuart, eds. 2004. 2004 IUNC Red List of Threatened Species: A Global Species Assessment. Gland, Switzerland: World Conservation Union.

Baker, V. R. 1998. Hydrological understanding and societal action. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 34(4):819–825.

Baker, V. R. 2008. Paleoflood hydrology: Origin, progress, prospects. Geomorphology 101:1–13.

Bankoff, G., G. Frerks, D. Hilhorst, and T. Hilhorst. 2004. Mapping Vulnerability: Disasters, Development, and People. New York: Earthscan.

Banta, R. M., C. J. Senff, A. B. White, M. Trainer, R. T. McNider, R. J. Valente, S. D. Mayor, R. J. Alvarez, R. M. Hardesty, D. Parrish, F. C. Fehsenfeld. 1998. Daytime buildup and nighttime transport of urban ozone in the boundary layer during a stagnation episode. Journal of Geophysical Research 103:22519–22544.

Baraldi, A., and F. Parmiggiani. 1990. Urban area classification by multispectral SPOT images. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 28(4):674–680.

Barredo, J. I., and L. Dermicheli. 2003. Urban sustainability in developing countries’ megacities: Modeling and predicting future urban growth in Lagos. Cities 20(5):297–310.

Bartlein, P. J., S. W. Hostetler, S. L. Shafer, J. O. Holman, and A. M. Solomon. 2008. Temporal and spatial structure in a daily wildfire-start data set from the western United States (1986-96). International Journal of Wildland Fire 17:8–17.

Bassett, M. T., and M. Mhloyi. 1991. Women and AIDS in Zimbabwe: The making of an epidemic. International Journal of Health Services 21(1):143–156.

Bassett, T. J. 2008. Producing poverty: Price formation and power relations in the cotton commodity chains of West Africa. In Cotton, Globalization and Poverty in Africa: Hanging by a Thread, eds. W. Moseley and L. Gray. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, pp. 35-64.

Bassett, T. J. 2010. Slim pickings: Fairtrade cotton in West Africa. Geoforum 41(1):44–55.

Bassin, M. 2007. Civilizations and their discontents: Political geography and geopolitics in the Huntington thesis. Geopolitics 12:351–374.

Bates, B. C., Z. W. Kundzewicz, S. Wu, and J. P. Palutikof, eds. 2008. Climate Change and Water. IPCC Technical Paper VI. Geneva: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

Batty, M. 1997. Cellular automata and urban form: A primer. Journal of the American Planning Association 63(2):266–274.

Bayliss-Smith, T. 1982. The Ecology of Agricultural Systems. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Bebbington, A. 1991. Indigenous agricultural knowledge systems, human interests, and critical analysis: Reflections on farmer organization in Ecuador. Agriculture and Human Values 8(1-2):14–24.

Bebbington, A. 2004. NGOs and uneven development: Geographies of development intervention. Progress in Human Geography 28(6):725–745.

Bednarz, S. W., R. S. Bednarz, T. D. Mansfield, S. Semple, R. Dorn, and M. Libbee. 2006. Geographical education in North America (Canada and the United States of America). In Geographical Education in a Changing World: Past Experience, Current Trends and Future Challenges, ed. J. Lidstone and M. Williams. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer, pp. 107-126.

Behrens, K., and F. Robert-Nicoud. 2009. Krugman’s papers in regional science: The 100 dollar bill on the sidewalk is gone and the 2008 Nobel Prize well-deserved. Papers in Regional Science 88(2):467–489.

Berkes, F., and C. Folke, C. 1998. Linking Social and Ecological Systems: Management Practices and Social Mechanisms for Building Resilience. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Berkes, F., J. Colding, and C. Folke, eds. 2002. Navigating Social-Ecological Systems: Building Resilience for Complexity and Change. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Berman, F., and H. Brady. 2005. Final Report: NSF SBE-CISE Workshop on Cyberinfrastructure and the Social Sciences. Berkeley: University of California. Available at (accessed May 18, 2009).

Bertino, E., B. Thuraisingham, M. Gertz, and M. L. Damiani. 2008. Security and privacy for geospatial data: Concepts and research directions. Proceedings of the SIGSPATIAL ACM GIS 2008 International Workshop on Security and Privacy in GIS and LBS. New York: Association for Computing Machinery.

Bialasiewicz, L., D. Campbell, S. Elden, S. Graham, A. Jeffrey, and A. J. Williams. 2007. Performing security: The imaginative geographies of current US strategy. Political Geography 26:405–422.

Bian, L., and S. J. Walsh. 1993. Scale dependencies of vegetation and topography in a mountainous environment of Montana. Professional Geographer 45(1):1–11.

Bitouk, D., N. Kumar, R. Dhillon, P. Belhumeur, and S. K. Nayar. 2008. Face swapping: Automatically replacing faces in photographs. Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH. Available at (accessed Feb. 5, 2010).

Blaikie, P. M. 1985. The Political Economy of Soil Erosion in Developing Countries. London: Longman.

Blaikie, P. M., and H. Brookfield. 1987. Land Degradation and Society. New York: Methuen & Co.

Boehm, R., and S. Bednarz. 1994. Geography for Life: National Geography Standards. Washington, DC: National Council for Geographic Education.

Bonan, G. B., K. W. Oleson, M. Vertenstein, S. Levis, X. B. Zeng, Y. J. Dai, R. E. Dickinson, and Z. L. Yang. 2002. The land surface climatology of the community land model coupled to the NCAR community climate model. Journal of Climate 15(22):3123–3149.

Boone, C. G., G. L. Buckley, J. M. Grove, and C. Sister. 2009. Parks and people: An environmental justice inquiry in Baltimore, Maryland. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 99(4):1–21.

Borjas, G. J. 2006. Native internal migration and the labor market impact of immigration. Journal of Human Resources 41(2):221–258.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement