Appendix A
Committee and Staff Biographies

Alexander B. Murphy (Chair) is professor of geography and former head of the Department of Geography at the University of Oregon, where he also holds the James F. and Shirley K. Rippey Chair in Liberal Arts and Sciences. He specializes in cultural and political geography, with a regional emphasis on Europe. Professor Murphy is a past president of the Association of American Geographers (2003-2004) and current senior vice president of the American Geographical Society. He was a co-editor of Progress in Human Geography for 11 years, and he currently co-edits Eurasian Geography and Economics. In the late 1990s he chaired the national committee that oversaw the addition of geography to the College Board’s Advanced Placement program. Professor Murphy is the author of more than 80 articles and several books, including The Regional Dynamics of Language Differentiation in Belgium (University of Chicago, 1988), Cultural Encounters with the Environment (edited with Douglas Johnson; Rowman & Littlefield, 2000), Human Geography: Culture, Society, and Space, 9th ed. (with Erin Fouberg and Harm de Blij; Wiley, 2009), and The European Cultural Area: A Systematic Geography, 5th ed. (with Terry Jordan-Bychkov and Bella Bychkova Jordan). Professor Murphy is the recipient of numerous grants and awards, including a Fulbright-Hays Research Grant in 1985, a National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowship in 1991, a National Science Foundation Presidential Young Investigator Award in the mid-1990s, a National Council for Geographic Education Distinguished Teaching Award in 2001, and the Association of American Geographers’ Gilbert Grosvenor Honors Award for Geographic Education. Professor Murphy holds a B.A. in archaeology from Yale University, a law degree from the Columbia University School of Law, and a Ph.D. in geography from the University of Chicago.


Nancy Colleton is the president of the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), a nonprofit organization located in Arlington, Virginia. She specializes in advancing environmental information capabilities and services—primarily Earth observations—and works to communicate their critical role in responding to global challenges such as climate change. Ms. Colleton also leads the Alliance for Earth Observations—an informal confederation of industry, academic, and nongovernmental organizations that works to ensure the rapid and broad delivery of the timely, comprehensive, and accurate environmental information for improved decision making. She cochairs the Environmental Information Services Working Group of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Science Advisory Board; is a board member of the GeoEye Foundation; and leads the newly established Specialty Group on Environmental Information for the International Union for Conservation of Nature. Ms. Colleton holds a B.A. degree from Hood College.


Roger M. Downs is professor of geography and former head of the Department of Geography at the Pennsylvania State University. He has chaired the NRC Geographical Sciences Committee and held a permanent position at the Johns Hopkins University, and sabbatical positions at Colgate University, the Uni-



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Appendix A Committee and Staff Biographies alexander B. murphy (Chair) is professor of geogra- cation. Professor Murphy holds a B.A. in archaeology from Yale University, a law degree from the Columbia phy and former head of the Department of Geography University School of Law, and a Ph.D. in geography at the University of Oregon, where he also holds the from the University of Chicago. James F. and Shirley K. Rippey Chair in Liberal Arts and Sciences. He specializes in cultural and political Nancy colleton is the president of the Institute for geography, with a regional emphasis on Europe. Pro- Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), a nonprofit fessor Murphy is a past president of the Association of organization located in Arlington, Virginia. She special- American Geographers (2003-2004) and current senior izes in advancing environmental information capabilities vice president of the American Geographical Society. and services—primarily Earth observations—and works He was a co-editor of P rogress in Human Geography for to communicate their critical role in responding to 11 years, and he currently co-edits Eurasian Geography global challenges such as climate change. Ms. Colleton and Economics. In the late 1990s he chaired the national also leads the Alliance for Earth Observations—an committee that oversaw the addition of geography to informal confederation of industry, academic, and non- the College Board’s Advanced Placement program. governmental organizations that works to ensure the Professor Murphy is the author of more than 80 articles rapid and broad delivery of the timely, comprehensive, and several books, including The Regional Dynamics of and accurate environmental information for improved Language Differentiation in Belgium (University of Chi- decision making. She cochairs the Environmental cago, 1988), Cultural Encounters with the Environment Information Services Working Group of the National (edited with Douglas Johnson; Rowman & Littlefield, Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Science 2000), Human Geography: Culture, Society, and Space, Advisory Board; is a board member of the GeoEye 9th ed. (with Erin Fouberg and Harm de Blij; Wiley, Foundation; and leads the newly established Specialty 2009), and The European Cultural Area: A Systematic Group on Environmental Information for the Interna- Geography, 5th ed. (with Terry Jordan-Bychkov and tional Union for Conservation of Nature. Ms. Colleton Bella Bychkova Jordan). Professor Murphy is the re- holds a B.A. degree from Hood College. cipient of numerous grants and awards, including a Fulbright-Hays Research Grant in 1985, a National roger m. downs is professor of geography and for- Endowment for the Humanities Fellowship in 1991, a mer head of the Department of Geography at the National Science Foundation Presidential Young Inves- Pennsylvania State University. He has chaired the tigator Award in the mid-1990s, a National Council for NRC Geographical Sciences Committee and held a Geographic Education Distinguished Teaching Award permanent position at the Johns Hopkins University, in 2001, and the Association of American Geographers’ and sabbatical positions at Colgate University, the Uni- Gilbert Grosvenor Honors Award for Geographic Edu- 

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 APPENDIX A versity of Washington, and the National Geographical Committee, past president of the Association of Ameri- Society. He holds B.A. (first class) and Ph.D. degrees can Geographers (AAG), and has served as director of from the University of Bristol, and has received honors Clark’s School of Geography (1988-1995; 2002-2004). from the National Geographic Society, the Association She was the recipient of AAG’s Lifetime Achieve- of American Geographers, and the National Council ment Award in 2003. Dr. Hanson received her B.A. in for Geographic Education. He has served as writing geography from Middlebury College and her Ph.D. coordinator for the Geography Education Standards in geography from Northwestern University. Project, and chaired the NRC study on Learning to Victoria a. lawson is professor of geography at the Think Spatially: GIS as a Support System in the K-12 University of Washington and was chair of the Ge- Curriculum. He has published three books and nearly ography Department from 1997 to 2000. She has 100 articles, reports, and reviews. held several leadership positions at the Association of michael F. goodchild (NAS) is professor of geography American Geographers, serving as president and na- and director of the Center for Spatial Studies and Center tional councilor. Dr. Lawson holds a Ph.D. and M.A. for Spatially Integrated Social Science at the University in geography from Ohio State University and a B.A. of California, Santa Barbara. He is also chair of the in social sciences from the University of Leicester. Her Executive Committee of the National Center for Geo- theoretical and empirical work is broadly concerned graphic Information and Analysis and associate director with the social and economic effects of global economic of the Alexandria Digital Library. He taught at the Uni- restructuring across North and South America. In ad- versity of Western Ontario for 19 years before moving to dition, she is interested in three scholarly literatures: his present position in 1988. His research interests focus first, feminist care ethics; second, development studies on the generic issues of geographic information, includ- work on neo-liberal modernization and globalization, ing accuracy and the modeling of uncertainty, the design the transformation of work, and poverty/inequality of spatial decision-support systems, the development of processes; and third, migration theory. She received methods of spatial analysis, and data structures for global several awards including the University of Wash- geographic information systems. He has received sev- ington Distinguished Teaching Award (1996). She eral awards and published numerous books and journal is the North American editor for P rogress in Human articles. He is a member of the National Academy of Sci- Geography, and has served on the editorial boards of ences, served on the Geographical Sciences Committee, Annals of the Association of American Geographers (1998- and was a member and a chair of the National Research 2006), The Professional Geographer (1992-1996), and Council’s Mapping Science Committee. He received a Economic Geography (2002-present). She is a member B.A. in physics from Cambridge University and a Ph.D. of the National Academies Standing Committee on in geography from McMaster University. the Geographical Sciences, and she was a scholar on the Advisory Committee to the National Geography susan hanson (NAS) is research professor of geog- Education Standards Project of the National Council raphy at Clark University. She is an urban geographer for Geographic Education (1993). with interests in gender and economy, transportation, glen macdonald is presidential chair and director of local labor markets, and sustainability. Dr. Hanson has been an editor of three geography journals—Economic the Institute of the Environment and a professor of ge- Geography, the Annals of the Association of American ography, ecology, and evolutionary biology at the Uni- Geographers, and The Professional Geographer—and cur- versity of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). Previously, rently serves on the editorial boards of several other he served as a faculty member at McMaster University journals including Annals of the Association of American and a visiting fellow at Clare Hall, Cambridge Univer- Geographers, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sci­ sity and Saint Catherine’s College, Oxford. He was a ences, and Journal of Geography in Higher Education. Guggenheim Fellow from 2008 to 2009. The focus of Dr. Hanson is a member of the National Academy of Dr. MacDonald’s research is long-term climatic and Sciences, past member of the Geographical Sciences environmental change and the impact of such changes

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 APPENDIX A on plants, animals, and humans. He uses a variety of environment geographer with particular expertise in archives to reconstruct past climate and environments political ecology, tropical agriculture, environmental including fossil pollen, plant macrofossils, tree rings, and development policy, livelihood security, and West fossil insects, elemental geochemistry, stable isotopes, Africa and southern Africa. Before becoming an aca- population genetics, and historical documents, art- demic, he worked for 10 years in the field of interna- work, and maps. Dr. MacDonald has published more tional development. His scholarly publications include than 120 peer-reviewed journal articles and numerous 4 books, as well as more than 50 peer-reviewed journal book chapters, reports, and other pieces, as well as an articles and book chapters. He is also a committed pub- award-winning text on biogeography (Biogeography: lic scholar who has published op-eds in such outlets as Time, Space and Life, Wiley). He was elected a fellow the International Herald Tribune, the Christian Science of the American Association for the Advancement of Monitor, the San Francisco Chronicle, and the Chronicle Science and has won the McMaster University Award of Higher Education. He is chair of the national coun- for Teaching Excellence and the UCLA Distinguished cilors of the Association of American Geographers Teaching Award. Dr. MacDonald has served as the (AAG), chair of the cultural and political ecology cochair of the National Science Foundation PARCS specialty group of the AAG, and editor of the African (Paleoenvironmental Arctic Sciences) program, chair Geographical Review. His research has been funded by of the Association of American Geographers Bio- the National Science Foundation, the Fulbright-Hays geography Specialty Group, and international coordi- Faculty Research Abroad Program, and the American nator (global change) for the International Boreal For- Geographical Society McColl Family Fellowship. est Research Association, as well as associate editor or colin Polsky is an associate professor at the Clark editorial board member for the Annals of the American University Graduate School of Geography. He is Association of Geographers, Geography Compass, Journal of Biogeography, and Physical Geography. He received an also director of the Human-Environment Regional A.B. degree in geography with highest honors and dis- Observatory (HERO) program, which provides oppor- tinction from the University of California, Berkeley, an tunities for undergraduate and graduate students M.Sc. in geography from the University of Calgary, and to analyze the causes and consequences of global a Ph.D. in botany from the University of Toronto. environmental changes at local scales in faculty-led research projects, and research assistant professor at Francis J. magilligan is a professor in the Geography the George Perkins Marsh Institute. Dr. Polsky is a D epartment of Dartmouth College. His research geographer specializing in the human dimensions of interests focus primarily on fluvial geomorphology global environmental change, emphasizing the statis- and surface water hydrology. In particular, his research tical analysis of vulnerability to climate change. He addresses stream channel and watershed response to has explored ways to blend quantitative and qualitative environmental change. He is a member of the Associa- methods for the study of social and ecological vulner- tion of American Geographers (AAG), the Geological ability to environmental changes in the Arctic (with a Society of America, and the American Geophysical focus on traditional reindeer herding), the U.S. Great Union. Dr. Magilligan has published more than 30 Plains (with a focus on contemporary agriculture), and papers, and he has served as chair of the AAG Geomor- central and eastern Massachusetts (with a focus on phology Specialty Group and on the AAG Editorial suburban water management). Dr. Polsky received his Board. He received a B.A. in geography from Boston Ph.D. and M.S. (geography) degrees from the Penn- sylvania State University, where he was a National University, an M.S. in water resources management, an M.S. in geography, and a Ph.D. in geography from the Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellow, and University of Wisconsin at Madison. B.S. (mathematics) and B.A. (humanities, French) degrees from the University of Texas at Austin. He William g. moseley is associate professor of geography has also completed a 2-year postdoctoral fellowship a nd director of the African Studies Program at at Harvard University, with the Research and Assess- Macalester College. He is a development and human- ment Systems for Sustainability program at the Belfer

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50 APPENDIX A Center for Science and International Affairs, John F. Studies Board and the Board on Earth Sciences Kennedy School of Government. and Resources (BESR) Committee on an Ocean Infrastructure Strategy for U.S. Ocean Research in Karen c. seto is an associate professor in the School 2030, as well as the BESR Standing Committee on of Forestry and Environmental Studies at Yale Uni- Geophysical and Environmental Data. Dr. Wright’s versity. She was on faculty at Stanford University awards include a National Science Foundation Faculty for 8 years prior to joining Yale in 2008. The focus Early Career Development Award, a Fulbright to Ire- of Dr. Seto’s research is the human transformation land, the Raymond C. Smith Distinguished Alumni of Earth’s surface, with an emphasis on urbanization, Award from the University of California at Santa and the consequences of land conversion for the en- Barbara, and the Oregon State University Honors vironment. She has ongoing projects in China, India, College Professor of the Year. In 2007 she was named and Vietnam, where she combines remotely sensed U.S. Professor of the Year for the state of Oregon by imagery, field interviews, and statistical methods to the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of monitor and forecast land-use dynamics. Dr. Seto Teaching and the Council for the Advancement and cochairs the Urbanization and Global Environmental Support of Education, and in 2008 a fellow of the Change Project of the International Human Dimen- American Association for the Advancement of Sci- sions Programme on Global Environmental Change ence. She earned an individual interdisciplinary Ph.D. and has served as the remote sensing thematic leader in physical geography and marine geology from the for the International Union for Conservation of University of California at Santa Barbara. Nature’s Commission on Ecosystem Management (2002-2008). Dr. Seto is a fellow of the Aldo Leopold National Research Council Staff L eadership Program (2009), and she is a recipient mark d. lange, Study Director, is an associate pro- of the National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development Award and the National Aero- gram officer at the National Research Council’s Board nautics and Space Administration New Investigator on Earth Sciences and Resources and director of the Program in Earth Science Award. She received a B.A. Geographical Sciences Committee. He is a geomor- in political science from the University of California phologist with interests in coastal river processes and at Santa Barbara, an M.A. in international relations geographic information systems. He was a Tyler Envi- and resource and environmental management from ronmental Fellow (University of Southern California) and a Knauss Marine Policy Fellow (National Oceanic Boston University, and a Ph.D. in geography from and Atmospheric Administration) in the U.S. House of Boston University. Representatives, where he managed environmental and dawn J. Wright is a professor of geography in the natural resource policy for a member of Congress. He is Department of Geosciences at Oregon State Uni - a member of the Association of American Geographers versity and holds an adjunct professorship in the and the American Geophysical Union and holds a College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences. She Ph.D. in geography from the University of Southern has authored or co-authored more than 85 articles California. and five books on marine geographic information Jason r. ortego, Research Associate, is with the Board systems, marine data modeling, and the hydrother- mal activity and tectonics of mid-ocean ridges. Dr. on Earth Sciences and Resources. He received a B.A. Wright’s research currently focuses on coastal/oceanic in English from Louisiana State University in 2004 and cyberinfrastructure, geographic information science, an M.A. in international affairs from George Wash- b enthic terrain and habitat characterization, and ington University in 2008. He began working for the the processing and interpretation of high-resolution National Academies in 2008 with the Board on Energy bathymetry and underwater videography. Additional and Environmental Systems, and in 2009 he joined the National Research Council services include the Ocean Board on Earth Sciences and Resources.

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5 APPENDIX A Tonya Fong Yee, Senior Program Assistant, is with the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources. She received her B.S. in business administration with a focus on marketing from the University of Florida in Gainesville. Before coming to the National Academies, she interned at the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, working on the Safe Schools/Healthy Students Initiative.

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