versity of Washington, and the National Geographical Society. He holds B.A. (first class) and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Bristol, and has received honors from the National Geographic Society, the Association of American Geographers, and the National Council for Geographic Education. He has served as writing coordinator for the Geography Education Standards Project, and chaired the NRC study on Learning to Think Spatially: GIS as a Support System in the K-12 Curriculum. He has published three books and nearly 100 articles, reports, and reviews.


Michael F. Goodchild (NAS) is professor of geography and director of the Center for Spatial Studies and Center for Spatially Integrated Social Science at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He is also chair of the Executive Committee of the National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis and associate director of the Alexandria Digital Library. He taught at the University of Western Ontario for 19 years before moving to his present position in 1988. His research interests focus on the generic issues of geographic information, including accuracy and the modeling of uncertainty, the design of spatial decision-support systems, the development of methods of spatial analysis, and data structures for global geographic information systems. He has received several awards and published numerous books and journal articles. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, served on the Geographical Sciences Committee, and was a member and a chair of the National Research Council’s Mapping Science Committee. He received a B.A. in physics from Cambridge University and a Ph.D. in geography from McMaster University.


Susan Hanson (NAS) is research professor of geography at Clark University. She is an urban geographer with interests in gender and economy, transportation, local labor markets, and sustainability. Dr. Hanson has been an editor of three geography journals—Economic Geography, the Annals of the Association of American Geographers, and The Professional Geographer—and currently serves on the editorial boards of several other journals including Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, and Journal of Geography in Higher Education. Dr. Hanson is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, past member of the Geographical Sciences Committee, past president of the Association of American Geographers (AAG), and has served as director of Clark’s School of Geography (1988-1995; 2002-2004). She was the recipient of AAG’s Lifetime Achievement Award in 2003. Dr. Hanson received her B.A. in geography from Middlebury College and her Ph.D. in geography from Northwestern University.


Victoria A. Lawson is professor of geography at the University of Washington and was chair of the Geography Department from 1997 to 2000. She has held several leadership positions at the Association of American Geographers, serving as president and national councilor. Dr. Lawson holds a Ph.D. and M.A. in geography from Ohio State University and a B.A. in social sciences from the University of Leicester. Her theoretical and empirical work is broadly concerned with the social and economic effects of global economic restructuring across North and South America. In addition, she is interested in three scholarly literatures: first, feminist care ethics; second, development studies work on neo-liberal modernization and globalization, the transformation of work, and poverty/inequality processes; and third, migration theory. She received several awards including the University of Washington Distinguished Teaching Award (1996). She is the North American editor for Progress in Human Geography, and has served on the editorial boards of Annals of the Association of American Geographers (1998-2006), The Professional Geographer (1992-1996), and Economic Geography (2002-present). She is a member of the National Academies Standing Committee on the Geographical Sciences, and she was a scholar on the Advisory Committee to the National Geography Education Standards Project of the National Council for Geographic Education (1993).


Glen MacDonald is presidential chair and director of the Institute of the Environment and a professor of geography, ecology, and evolutionary biology at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). Previously, he served as a faculty member at McMaster University and a visiting fellow at Clare Hall, Cambridge University and Saint Catherine’s College, Oxford. He was a Guggenheim Fellow from 2008 to 2009. The focus of Dr. MacDonald’s research is long-term climatic and environmental change and the impact of such changes



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