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OCR for page 153
Understanding the Changing Planet: Strategic Directions for the Geographical Sciences Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations AAG Association of American Geographers ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis CBNRM community-based natural resources management CO2 carbon dioxide CSISS Center for Spatially Integrated Social Science DMSP/OLS Defense Meteorological Satellite Program, Operational Linescan System EOC emergency operations center EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency FAO Food and Agricultural Organization FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency FRAGSTATS Spatial Pattern Analysis Program for Categorical Maps GIS geographic information system GMC genetically modified crop GPS Global Positioning System ICT information and communication technology IGERT Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship (NSF) IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IRB institutional review board LBS location-based service lidar light detection and ranging LRT light-rail transit LSC land-change science MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer
OCR for page 154
Understanding the Changing Planet: Strategic Directions for the Geographical Sciences NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NIC National Intelligence Council NGS National Geographic Society NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NRC National Research Council NSF National Science Foundation OSL optically stimulated luminescence PDA personal digital assistant QCA qualitative comparative analysis SAR synthetic aperture radar SoVI Social Vulnerability Index STE science, technology, and engineering SWOT Surface Water Ocean Topography UN United Nations USGS U.S. Geological Survey UV ultraviolet VGI volunteered geographic information VMT vehicle miles traveled