Appendix B
Acronyms and Abbreviations

AAG Association of American Geographers

ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

CBNRM community-based natural resources management

CO2 carbon dioxide

CSISS Center for Spatially Integrated Social Science

DMSP/OLS Defense Meteorological Satellite Program, Operational Linescan System

EOC emergency operations center

EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

FAO Food and Agricultural Organization

FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency

FRAGSTATS Spatial Pattern Analysis Program for Categorical Maps

GIS geographic information system

GMC genetically modified crop

GPS Global Positioning System

ICT information and communication technology

IGERT Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship (NSF)

IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IRB institutional review board

LBS location-based service

lidar light detection and ranging

LRT light-rail transit

LSC land-change science

MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer



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Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations AAG Association of American Geographers ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis CBNRM community-based natural resources management CO2 carbon dioxide CSISS Center for Spatially Integrated Social Science DMSP/OLS Defense Meteorological Satellite Program, Operational Linescan System EOC emergency operations center EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency FAO Food and Agricultural Organization FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency FRAGSTATS Spatial Pattern Analysis Program for Categorical Maps GIS geographic information system GMC genetically modified crop GPS Global Positioning System ICT information and communication technology IGERT Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship (NSF) IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IRB institutional review board LBS location-based service lidar light detection and ranging LRT light-rail transit LSC land-change science MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer 5

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5 APPENDIX B NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NIC National Intelligence Council NGS National Geographic Society NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NRC National Research Council NSF National Science Foundation OSL optically stimulated luminescence PDA personal digital assistant QCA qualitative comparative analysis SAR synthetic aperture radar SoVI Social Vulnerability Index STE science, technology, and engineering SWOT Surface Water Ocean Topography UN United Nations USGS U.S. Geological Survey UV ultraviolet VGI volunteered geographic information VMT vehicle miles traveled