NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NIC National Intelligence Council
NGS National Geographic Society
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NRC National Research Council
NSF National Science Foundation
OSL optically stimulated luminescence
PDA personal digital assistant
QCA qualitative comparative analysis
SAR synthetic aperture radar
SoVI Social Vulnerability Index
STE science, technology, and engineering
SWOT Surface Water Ocean Topography
UN United Nations
USGS U.S. Geological Survey
VGI volunteered geographic information
VMT vehicle miles traveled
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Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations ."
Understanding the Changing Planet: Strategic Directions for the Geographical Sciences . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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As of 2013, the National Science Education Standards have been replaced by the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), available as a print book, free PDF download, and online with our OpenBook platform.
The NGSS offer a detailed description of the key scientific ideas and practices that all students should learn by the time they graduate from high school. The standards are based largely on the 2011 National Research Council report A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas.