tial, not just for mayors but also for other city officials and the general population.

Presenters were then asked whether they knew of any success stories of people working on the effect of violence and crime on physical activity as an obesity risk factor. Jebb said that in the United Kingdom, studies have found that children in more economically deprived areas are somewhat more physically active than those in more affluent neighborhoods. Jackson commented that in developing strategies, officials have heard parents say they want safe places for their children to play, as well as safe routes to get there. New York City, said Silver, has seen a decrease in urban violence and homicide, but public perception is that the level of danger is great. The health department is looking at street designs that will encourage more walking and cycling, which will also make the streets safer as they will be better populated. Providing lighting at night is a strategy to consider. Carr said CDC’s Division of Analysis of School Health is working on strategies to make children feel safe and protected at school. Physical education and recess can be times when bullying behaviors increase. The President’s budget includes $100 million for the Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities to fund efforts to improve the school climate by fostering a safe, secure, drug-free learning environment, although the final appropriated amount may be less than that.



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