The biomarker evaluation process should consist of the following three steps:
The FDA should use the same degree of scientific rigor for evaluation of biomarkers across regulatory areas, whether they are proposed for use in the arenas of drugs, medical devices, biologics, or foods and dietary supplements. Congress may need to strengthen FDA authority to accomplish this goal.
The FDA should take into account a nutrient’s or food’s source as well as any modifying effects of the food or supplement that serves as the delivery vehicle and the dietary patterns associated with consumption of the nutrient or food when reviewing health-related label claims and the safety of food and supplements. Congress may need to strengthen FDA authority to accomplish this goal.
data; the committee’s framework explicitly includes such a process, while allowing for timely, reliable, and effective decision making.
The evaluation framework is intended to be applicable across a wide range of biomarker uses, from exploratory uses for which less evidence is required to surrogate endpoint uses for which compelling evidence is required. The framework is meant for, but not limited to, use in research, clinical, product, and claim development in food, drug, and device industries as well as public health settings, and it is intended to function for