Abbreviations

ACGIH American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, a member-based organization for advancement of occupational and environmental health.

ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, a federal public health agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

AVT auditory vigilance task

BEI biologic exposure index

CalEPA California Environmental Protection Agency

CAS Chemical Abstracts Service

CEEL Department of Health and Human Services community emergency exposure levels

CHPPM U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine

DCM dichloromethane (also known as methylene chloride)

DOD U.S. Department of Defense

DOT U.S. Department of Transportation

CNS central nervous system

COHb carboxyhemoglobin

EEG electroencephalography

EEGL emergency exposure guideline level

EHS extremely hazardous substance

EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

FEV1 forced expiratory volume in 1 second

IARC International Agency for Research on Cancer

ICPS International Programme on Chemical Safety

IDLH immediately dangerous to life or health

IRIS Integrated Risk Information System

LC50 concentration of a substance that is lethal to 50% of test organisms in a given time

LD50 dose of a substance that is lethal to 50% of test organisms in a given time

LOEL lowest-observed-effect level

LOAEL lowest observed-adverse-effect level

MEG military exposure guideline

MF modifying factor

NAC National Advisory Committee on Acute Exposure Guideline Levels for Hazardous Substances

NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

NOAEL no-observed-adverse-effect level

NOEL no-observed-effect level

NTIS National Technical Information Service

NTP National Toxicology Program

OEHHA California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment

ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory



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OCR for page 55
Abbreviations ACGIH American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, a member-based organization for advancement of occupational and environmental health. ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, a federal public health agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services AVT auditory vigilance task BEI biologic exposure index CalEPA California Environmental Protection Agency CAS Chemical Abstracts Service CEEL Department of Health and Human Services community emergency exposure levels CHPPM U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine DCM dichloromethane (also known as methylene chloride) DOD U.S. Department of Defense DOT U.S. Department of Transportation CNS central nervous system COHb carboxyhemoglobin EEG electroencephalography EEGL emergency exposure guideline level EHS extremely hazardous substance EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency FEV1 forced expiratory volume in 1 second IARC International Agency for Research on Cancer ICPS International Programme on Chemical Safety IDLH immediately dangerous to life or health IRIS Integrated Risk Information System LC50 concentration of a substance that is lethal to 50% of test organisms in a given time LD50 dose of a substance that is lethal to 50% of test organisms in a given time LOEL lowest-observed-effect level LOAEL lowest observed-adverse-effect level MEG military exposure guideline MF modifying factor NAC National Advisory Committee on Acute Exposure Guideline Levels for Hazardous Substances NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NOAEL no-observed-adverse-effect level NOEL no-observed-effect level NTIS National Technical Information Service NTP National Toxicology Program OEHHA California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory 55

OCR for page 55
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration PBPK physiologically based pharmacokinetic PNS peripheral nervous system POD point of departure RBC red blood cell RD50 concentration of a substance that reduced the respiratory rate of test organisms by 50% REL reference exposure level RIVM Netherlands National Institute for Public Health and the Environment SD standard deviation SOP Standing Operating Procedures for Developing Acute Exposure Guideline Levels for Hazardous Chemicals SRaw specific airway resistance STEL short-term exposure limit TCE trichloroethylene TCOH trichloroethanol TLV Threshold Limit Value TSD technical support document UF uncertainty factor WEEL workplace environmental exposure limit 56