Appendix C
PARTICIPANT BIOGRAPHIES

Dilip R. Ahuja

Dr. Ahuja is the ISRO Professor of Science and Technology Policy at the National Institute of Advanced Studies (NIAS) in Bangalore. At the time of the conference he was on a sabbatical at the United Nations Foundation in Washington, DC, as a senior policy advisor to the Global Leadership for Climate Action. He was also a special advisor to the InterAcademy Council’s study titled, “Lighting the Way: Toward a Sustainable Energy Future”. He has contributed to several reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Prior to joining NIAS, he was a senior environmental specialist at the Global Environment Facility Secretariat. Dr. Ahuja obtained his doctorate from the University of Virginia at Charlottesville and his Bachelor’s in Electrical Engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay.


Venkatesh Rao Aiyagari

Dr. Aiyagari is currently the adviser and head of the Indian Science and Engineering Research Council (SERC)’s Seismicity Program, which is responsible for promoting R&D in newly emerging and frontier areas of science and engineering. The SERC has been making increasing efforts to promote basic research particularly in the universities and academic institutions and encouraging young scientists and engineers. Dr. Aiyagari specializes in the areas of operations research, systems analysis and industrial engineering problems. His professional interests include science and technology policy and planning, R&D program management, technology transfer studies, scientometrics, systems planning/operations research and business management analysis. He is involved in formulating policies and plans for the SERC activities related to the promotion of R&D in the country. He is also actively associated with the overall plans and programs of the DST covering R&D, technology development, science and society, and international S&T related activities. Dr. Aiyagari received his Ph.D. (hc) from Sri Krishna Devaraya University, Ananthapur. He also holds a master’s degree in systems engineering and operations research from the Institute of Industrial Administration, Union College, New York. His bachelors degree is in mechanical engineering. He is a Fellow of the Indian National Academy of Engineering, New Delhi, and a member of the Engineering Staff College of India (ESCI), Institution of Engineers, India International Centre, and the Indian Habitat Centre, all in New Delhi.


Ashish Arora

Dr. Arora is a professor of economics and public policy in the Heinz School of Public Policy and Management at Carnegie Mellon University. He served as a co-director of the Software Industry Center at Carnegie Mellon University until 2006. He is on the editorial board of six academic journals, and has served on a number of committees for bodies such as the National Academy of Sciences and the Association of Computing Machinery. Dr. Arora's research focuses on the economics of technology and technical change. His research interests include the study of technology intensive industries such as software, biotechnology, and chemicals, the role of patents and licensing in promoting technology startups, and the economics of information technology.


Shamnad Basheer

Professor Basheer is a visiting associate professor at George Washington University and is also an associate with the Oxford Intellectual Property Research Centre and a Welcome Trust scholar in the doctoral program at Oxford. Professor Basheer has been an invited research



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Appendix C PARTICIPANT BIOGRAPHIES of the DST covering R&D, technology Dilip R. Ahuja development, science and society, and Dr. Ahuja is the ISRO Professor of Science and international S&T related activities. Dr. Aiyagari Technology Policy at the National Institute of received his Ph.D. (hc) from Sri Krishna Advanced Studies (NIAS) in Bangalore. At the Devaraya University, Ananthapur. He also time of the conference he was on a sabbatical at holds a master’s degree in systems engineering the United Nations Foundation in Washington, and operations research from the Institute of DC, as a senior policy advisor to the Global Industrial Administration, Union College, New Leadership for Climate Action. He was also a York. His bachelors degree is in mechanical special advisor to the InterAcademy Council’s engineering. He is a Fellow of the Indian study titled, “Lighting the Way: Toward a National Academy of Engineering, New Delhi, Sustainable Energy Future”. He has contributed and a member of the Engineering Staff College to several reports of the Intergovernmental Panel of India (ESCI), Institution of Engineers, India on Climate Change. Prior to joining NIAS, he International Centre, and the Indian Habitat was a senior environmental specialist at the Centre, all in New Delhi. Global Environment Facility Secretariat. Dr. Ahuja obtained his doctorate from the University of Virginia at Charlottesville and his Ashish Arora Dr. Arora is a professor of economics and public Bachelor’s in Electrical Engineering from the policy in the Heinz School of Public Policy and Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay. Management at Carnegie Mellon University. He served as a co-director of the Software Industry Venkatesh Rao Aiyagari Center at Carnegie Mellon University until Dr. Aiyagari is currently the adviser and head of 2006. He is on the editorial board of six the Indian Science and Engineering Research academic journals, and has served on a number Council (SERC)’s Seismicity Program, which is of committees for bodies such as the National responsible for promoting R&D in newly Academy of Sciences and the Association of emerging and frontier areas of science and Computing Machinery. Dr. Arora's research engineering. The SERC has been making focuses on the economics of technology and increasing efforts to promote basic research technical change. His research interests include particularly in the universities and academic the study of technology intensive industries such institutions and encouraging young scientists as software, biotechnology, and chemicals, the and engineers. Dr. Aiyagari specializes in the role of patents and licensing in promoting areas of operations research, systems analysis technology startups, and the economics of and industrial engineering problems. His information technology. professional interests include science and technology policy and planning, R&D program management, technology transfer studies, Shamnad Basheer scientometrics, systems planning/operations Professor Basheer is a visiting associate research and business management analysis. He professor at George Washington University and is involved in formulating policies and plans for is also an associate with the Oxford Intellectual the SERC activities related to the promotion of Property Research Centre and a Welcome Trust R&D in the country. He is also actively scholar in the doctoral program at Oxford. associated with the overall plans and programs Professor Basheer has been an invited research 51

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52 APPENDIX C Global Talent Index project. He received his fellow at the Institute of Intellectual Property, Ph.D. in sociology from Columbia University in Tokyo, an International Bar Association scholar, 1997 and has worked at the University of and an Inter-Pacific Bar Association scholar. He Oregon and the National University of also has been an editor of the Oxford Singapore. Dr. Cao is interested in the social Commonwealth Law Journal and a founding studies of science and technology with a focus member of the Electronic Database of on China. Intellectual Property. Ralph Cicerone Patrick Canavan Dr. Cicerone, president of the National Mr. Canavan is senior vice president, global Academy of Sciences, is an atmospheric governance for Motorola, where he provides scientist whose research in atmospheric consultation for the board of directors, Chairman chemistry and climate change has involved him and CEO and the senior leadership team on in shaping science and environmental policy at issues of corporate governance, globalization, the highest levels nationally and internationally. and integration within Motorola. Mr. Canavan In 2001, he led a National Academy of Sciences joined Motorola in 1980 as director of human study of the current state of climate change and resources with responsibility for Europe, the its impact on the environment and human health, Middle East and Africa, headquartered in requested by President Bush. During his early Geneva, Switzerland. He became the head of career at the University of Michigan, Dr. global leadership and organization development Cicerone was a research scientist and held for the entire corporation in 1986, and assumed faculty positions in electrical and computer his present role in 2001. In 2004, he served as engineering. In 1978, he joined the Scripps the acting head of human resources and in 2005 Institution of Oceanography at the University of served as the acting chief information officer. In California, San Diego as a research chemist. 1994-95, Mr. Canavan took an assignment as the From 1980 to 1989, he was a senior scientist and regional president for Central and Eastern director of the atmospheric chemistry division at Europe, Middle East and Africa and created the the National Center for Atmospheric Research in strategy and infrastructure for Motorola's pursuit Boulder, Colorado. In 1989, he was appointed of growth in these emerging markets. He the Daniel G. Aldrich Professor of Earth System followed this later in 1995 and 1996 with a Science at the University of California at similar effort in Asia Pacific, working out of Irvine and chaired the department of earth Hong Kong. Prior to joining Motorola, Mr. system science from 1989 to 1994. He served as Canavan was director of management training dean of physical sciences for the next four years. and organization development for Digital Prior to his election as Academy president, Dr. Equipment Corporation in Europe from 1976 to Cicerone was the chancellor of the University of 1980. Earlier, he served as assistant professor of California at Irvine from 1998 to 2005. Dr. organization development at the Center for Cicerone received his bachelor's degree in Industrial and Institutional Development at the Electrical Engineering from the Massachusetts University of New Hampshire from 1972 Institute of Technology, where he was a varsity to1976. He began his career teaching at baseball player. Both his master's and doctoral Southern Methodist University in 1970. Mr. degrees are from the University of Illinois in Canavan holds a Master of Philosophy degree in electrical engineering, with a minor in physics. administrative science from Yale University, and a B.B.A. degree summa cum laude in finance from Iona College. Charles L. Cooney Dr. Cooney is currently the Robert T. Haslam Professor of Chemical Engineering at the Cong Cao Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His Dr. Cao is a Senior Research Associate with the research focuses on biochemical engineering as Neil D. Levin Graduate Institute of International the integration of biological science with Relations and Commerce, State University of engineering. An area of his long-term interest is New York, where he also coordinates Levin's

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APPENDIX C 53 Vietnam. Dr. Dahlman earned a B.A. magna biochemical process control with recent cum laude in international relations from emphasis on the application of expert systems, Princeton University and a Ph.D. in economics artificial neural networks and data reconciliation from Yale University. He has also taught to fermentation and cell culture. A second focus courses at Columbia University’s School of is biochemical product recovery. As co-director International and Public Affairs. of the Program on the Pharmaceutical Industry, a collaborative program with the Sloan School of Management, he is researching issues of Jason Dedrick Dr. Dedrick is co-director of the Personal competitiveness and productivity of the Computing Industry Center and project scientist pharmaceutical industry. He is particularly at the Center for Research on Information interested in research that addresses Technology and Organizations (CRITO) at the manufacturing, management of technology and University of California at Irvine. His research industry structure. The program’s goal is to interests include the globalization of information develop an understanding of the factors that technology and e-commerce, national IT policy, drive and constrain the implementation of new and the impacts of IT on organizational structure manufacturing technology in the pharmaceutical and economic performance. He is now studying industry. Dr. Cooney received his Ph.D. and the globalization and offshoring of knowledge S.M. from the Massachusetts Institute of work in the computer industry and its impacts on Technology and his B.S. from the University of U.S. innovation and employment. His research Pennsylvania. has been supported by the National Science Foundation, the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Carl Dahlman National Academies of Science and Dr. Dahlman is the Henry R. Luce Professor of Engineering, and the IBM Corporation. He has International Relations and Information consulted for major IT firms such as IBM, Intel, Technology at Georgetown University’s and CSC Consulting. He holds a Ph.D. in Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service. management from the University of California at Dr. Dahlman joined the Georgetown faculty Irvine, and a master’s degree in Pacific after more than 25 years of service at the World International Affairs from the University of Bank. At Georgetown, Dr. Dahlman’s research California at San Diego. and teaching explore how rapid advances in science, technology and information are affecting the growth prospects of nations and Marco Di Capua Dr. Di Capua is currently executive director, influencing trade, investment, innovation, Department of Energy China Office, U.S. education and economic relations in an Embassy, Beijing. Prior to holding this post, he increasingly globalizing world. Previously, Dr. was a physicist at Lawrence Livermore National Dahlman served as Senior Advisor to the World Laboratory. There, he was responsible for Bank Institute. Dr. Dahlman also served as staff Chinese affairs in the proliferation prevention director of the 1998-1999 World Development and arms control group of the national security Report, Knowledge for Development. In directorate. He was a commissioned officer in addition, he was the Bank’s resident the Foreign Service of the United States representative and financial sector leader in assigned to the Foreign Service Institute, Mexico from 1994 to 1997, years during which Washington, D.C. (1992–1993), and at the U.S. the country coped with one of the biggest Embassy, Beijing (1993–1997), as counselor for financial crises in its history. Before his position science and technology affairs. He was attached in Mexico, Dr. Dahlman led divisions in the to the U.S. Navy as a liaison scientist with the Bank’s private sector development, and industry London unit of the Office of Naval Research and energy departments. He has also conducted from 1988 to 1990, where he analyzed R&D extensive analytical work in major developing developments in Europe and the Soviet Union in countries including Argentina, Brazil, Chile, a period of rapidly changing political and Mexico, Russia, Turkey, India, Pakistan, China, military environments. He developed an interest Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, and

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54 APPENDIX C from the University of Missouri School of in Asian affairs as an undergraduate in Journalism. engineering physics at Cornell University. He holds a doctorate from Princeton University (1972). Da Hsuan Feng Dr. Feng is vice president for research and graduate education at the University of Texas at Sean Dougherty Dallas (UTD) and was named to the strategic Mr. Dougherty is a China and India expert at the science advisory board of New Economy Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Strategies (NES) in 2003. Dr. Feng, a Development (OECD) in Paris, where he is theoretical physicist whose work has spanned senior economist in the economics department. the areas of international affairs, government He has co-authored the OECD's first economic service, business entrepreneurship and public surveys of both China (2005) and India education, was appointed UTD's first vice (forthcoming, 2007), and is now leading an president for research and graduate education in OECD-wide project to improve growth November 2000. He earned a bachelor's degree prospects in its member countries. He writes and in physics from Drew University and master's speaks frequently on the Chinese and Indian and Ph.D. degrees in theoretical nuclear physics economies, where he has lived and traveled from the University of Minnesota. extensively. Before joining the OECD in 2003, he was at The Conference Board in New York, where he carried out a study of global R&D Richard Forcier Mr. Forcier is an employee of Hewlett-Packard performance, funded by the US National Science and is currently the director of engineering for Foundation. Mr. Dougherty holds graduate the imaging and printing group R&D hub in degrees in economics and international relations, India. In his 17 years with Hewlett-Packard, Mr. as well as a Bachelor of Science degree from the Forcier has worked both in a manufacturing role Massachusetts Institute of Technology. as well as in a research and development role. In both functions he has worked Pete Engardio extensively with Asian countries including Mr. Engardio is a Senior Writer for Business China, India, Singapore, Taiwan, Malaysia, and Week, focusing on global business and economic Indonesia. Over the years, Mr. Forcier has been trends; however, at the time of the conference he involved in establishing many outsourced was on leave at Harvard as a Wertheim fellow. engagements in Asia in hardware, embedded Mr. Engardio joined Business Week in 1985 as a software (firmware), and software. In his correspondent in the magazine's Atlanta bureau. current position, he is working with a In 1987 he moved to Miami as bureau manager. management team based in Singapore to In 1990 he became a correspondent in the Hong establish an offshore R&D organization Kong bureau, where he covered Asian business spanning Singapore, China, and India. for six years. In 1996 he moved to New York as an Asian editor. From 1998 to 2001, he was editor of the Asian Edition. In 2005, Mr. Mary L. Good Dr. Good is the Donaghey University Professor Engardio anchored Business Week’s special at the University of Arkansas, Little Rock, and issue “China & India: What You Need to serves as the managing member for Venture Know,” winner of the Institute for Political Capital Investors, LLC, a group of Arkansas Journalism Award. Prior to joining Business business leaders who expect to foster economic Week, Mr. Engardio was a feature editor for growth in the area through the opportunistic Business Korea in Seoul. Before that, he support of technology-based enterprises. Dr. worked for the Bay City News Service in San Good also presently serves on the Board of Francisco and the San Francisco Bay Guardian. Biogen, a successful biotech company in In 2004, Mr. Engardio was a Reuters Journalism Cambridge Massachusetts; IDEXX Laboratories Fellow at Oxford University. He holds a B.A. of Westbrook, Maine; and the Lockheed Martin from Central Michigan University and an M.A.

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APPENDIX C 55 Before joining Microsoft, Dr. Hey served as Energy Research Corporation Board of Oak director of the U.K.’s e-Science Initiative, Ridge, Tennessee. Previously Dr. Good served managing the government’s efforts to provide four years as the Under Secretary for scientists and researchers with access to key Technology for the Technology Administration computing technologies. Before leading this in the Department of Commerce. In addition to initiative, Dr. Hey worked as head of the School her role as Under Secretary for Technology, Dr. of Electronics and Computer Science at the Good chaired the National Science and University of Southampton, where he helped Technology Council's committee on build the department into one of the pre-eminent technological innovation (NSTC/CTI), and computer science research institutions in served on the NSTC committee on national England. In addition, Dr. Hey has advised security. Before joining the Administration, Dr. countries such as China, France, Ireland and Good was the senior vice-president of Switzerland to help them advance their scientific technology at Allied Signal, Inc. Dr. Good agenda and become more competitive in the received her B.S. in chemistry from the global technology economy. For his service to University of Central Arkansas and her M.S. and science, Dr. Hey received the award of Ph.D. degrees in inorganic chemistry from the Commander of the Order of the British Empire University of Arkansas. She has also received in the 2005 U.K. New Year’s Honors List. Dr. numerous awards and honorary degrees from Hey is a graduate of Oxford University, with many colleges and universities, including most both an undergraduate degree in physics and a recently the College of William and Mary, doctorate in theoretical physics. Polytechnic University of New York, Louisiana State University, and Michigan State University. Trevor G. Houser Mr. Houser is a Director at China Strategic Warren Harris Advisory (CSA), a specialized practice helping Mr. Harris holds an honors degree in mechanical decision makers in the public and private sectors engineering and is a chartered engineer. He analyze and understand commercial, economic started his career at Babcock Power, working in and policy trends in greater China. Mr. Houser design and computational methods, before leads CSA’s energy sector activities, and splits moving to INCAT in 1988. His roles at INCAT his time between New York and China, where have progressed from software development and he meets regularly with government officials, consulting to executive positions in both the business leaders, academics, and NGOs about United Kingdom and the United States. Since developments in the energy arena. He is also April 2007 he has been the company’s CEO, responsible for seminars and presentations on overseeing operations worldwide, including the overall China macroeconomic development and Asia-Pacific region. regularly advises policymakers in the U.S. regarding China’s economic growth. Mr. Houser Tony Hey is also a visiting fellow at the Colin Powell As corporate vice president of the external Center for Policy Studies at the City College of research division of Microsoft Research, Dr. New York, where his research focuses on Hey is responsible for the worldwide external analyzing trends in China’s energy sector and research and technical computing strategy across the affects on international markets, the global Microsoft Corp. He leads the company’s efforts environment and relations with the United to build long-term public-private partnerships States. with global scientific and engineering communities. His responsibilities also include working with internal Microsoft groups to build Kent Hughes Dr. Hughes is currently director of the program future technologies and products that will on Science, Technology, America and the transform computing for scientific and Global Economy at the Woodrow Wilson engineering research. Dr. Hey also oversees International Center for Scholars. Prior to Microsoft Research’s efforts to enhance the joining the Center, Dr. Hughes served as the quality of higher education around the world.

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56 APPENDIX C International Congress held in Seattle, Associate Deputy Secretary at the U.S. Washington in 2005. Ms. Jang is registered to Department of Commerce, President of the practice before the United States Patent and Council on Competitiveness, and held a number Trademark Office and is a member of the federal of senior positions with the U.S. Congress, and state bars of New Jersey. Ms. Jang received where he focused on international economic her law degree from Franklin Pierce Law issues and the question of long-term American Center, her undergraduate degree in chemistry economic strength. These positions include, from California State University at Fresno, and a chief economist to U.S. Senate Majority Leader master’s degree in chemistry from the Robert Byrd, senior economist of the University of Washington. Congressional Joint Economic Committee, and legislative and policy director in the office of U.S. Senator Gary Hart during the Senator's first James W. Jarrett Mr. Jarrett is vice president of legal and presidential campaign. Prior to his congressional corporate affairs and director of global public service, Dr. Hughes served as a staff attorney for policy for the Intel Corporation. Prior to his the Urban Law Institute, a poverty law firm current position, Mr. Jarrett was president of established to provide counsel to national and Intel China, Ltd., based in Beijing 1996-2000. local groups. Dr. Hughes holds a Ph.D. in Mr. Jarrett joined Intel in 1979 as the company's economics from Washington University, an first manager of corporate communications, and LL.B. from Harvard Law School, and a B.A in was named a vice president in 1987. From political and economic institutions from Yale 1994-96 he served as vice president of investor University. relations. Prior to Intel, he worked for two New York-based communications counseling firms, Soonhee Jang and served with the U.S. Army at the U.S. Ms. Jang is a patent counsel and regional IP Military Academy, West Point, New York. He is counsel for Asia at Eli Lilly and Company. Ms. a graduate of Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio. Jang has a full range of patent experience and responsibilities in managing and enforcing patent rights in Asia, including China, Korea, Devesh Kapur Professor Devesh Kapur was appointed director Taiwan and India. She also serves as principle of the Center for the Advanced Study of India, attorney handling IP issues involving University of Pennsylvania in 2006. He is an outsourcing projects in Asia. As an in-house associate professor of political science at the counsel, she has managed patent portfolios, University of Pennsylvania, and holds the which cover commercially important Madan Lal Sobti Professorship for the Study of pharmaceutical products, and she provides legal Contemporary India. Prior to joining the counseling, opinions and patent/litigation university, Professor Kapur was associate strategies. Ms. Jang is a vice chair of the Asian professor of government at the University of practice committee of Intellectual Property Texas at Austin, and before that the Frederick Owners Association (APC-IPO), a member of Danziger associate professor of government at AIPLA-Japan Practice Committee and AIPLA- Harvard. His research focuses on human capital, IP Practice Far East Committee. She organized national and international public institutions, and and led the US delegations of APC-IPO to China the ways in which local-global linkages affect for fact-finding trips where the delegations political and economic change in developing discussed many pressing IP issues with the countries. Professor Kapur has focused in Chinese courts, governmental and particular on India and the impact of nongovernmental agencies, as well as Chinese international institutions and diasporas on India. IP organizations. She also organized and co- He holds a BTech in chemical engineering from chaired a program involving IP enforcement in the Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu China for the first IPO-JIPA Asian Practice

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APPENDIX C 57 engineering application software. From March University; an MS in chemical engineering from 2001 to October 2001, he worked with a the University of Minnesota, and a Ph.D. from software product start-up founded by an IIMB the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton. alumnus. Prof. Krishnan obtained an M.Sc. degree in physics (5-year integrated program) Martin Kenney from the Indian Institute of Technology at Dr. Kenney is a professor at the University of Kanpur and an M.S. degree in engineering- California at Davis and a senior project director economic systems from Stanford University. His at the Berkeley Roundtable on the International doctoral qualification was obtained from the Economy. He is a fellow at the Center for Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Entrepreneurship at Davis. He has published where he won the outstanding thesis proposal five books and over 120 scholarly articles on the award instituted by the Industrial Finance development of Silicon Valley, venture capital, Corporation of India. university-industry relations, and the globalization of services. He was a visiting professor at the Copenhagen Business School, Nicholas R. Lardy Mr. Lardy is a senior fellow at the Cambridge University, Hitotsubashi University, Peterson Institute for International Economics in Kobe University, and Tokyo University. He has Washington, D.C. Mr. Lardy joined the Institute consulted for or presented to various in March 2003 from the Brookings Institution, organizations including the InterAmerican where he was a senior fellow in the Foreign Development Bank, the World Bank, President’s Policy Studies Program from 1995 until 2003 Council of Advisors on Science and and served as interim director of Foreign Policy Technology, National Academy of Engineering Studies in 2001. Prior to his work at Brookings, and National Academy of Sciences, Association he was the director of the Henry M. Jackson of Computing Machinery, and the OECD and School of International Studies at the University consulted for various private firms. His research of Washington from 1991–95. From 1997 has been supported by the National Science through the spring of 2000, he was also the Foundation, the Sloan Foundation, and the Frederick Frank Adjunct Professor of Kauffman Foundation. International Trade and Finance at the Yale University School of Management. He is an Rishikesha T. Krishnan expert on Asia, especially the Chinese economy. Rishikesha T. Krishnan is a professor in the Before his directorship, Mr. Lardy had been a corporate strategy and policy area at the Indian professor of international studies at the Institute of Management, Bangalore (IIMB), University of Washington from 1985 and an India. His research interests are in the areas of associate professor from 1983–85. He served as strategy, innovation and competitiveness. He is chair of the China Program from 1984–89. He currently the chairperson of research and was an assistant and associate professor of publications, and of IIMB’s Centre for economics at Yale University from 1975–83. Development of Cases and Teaching Aids. He was earlier the chairperson of the postgraduate program in management at IIMB. Prof. Krishnan has been a consultant to, or conducted Sandra Lawson Ms. Lawson is a vice president and senior global management development programs for, British economist at Goldman Sachs in New York. Her Telecom, Daimler Chrysler, Wipro, Siemens, work focuses on long-term global trends such as Sasken Communication Technologies, the the rise of the BRIC economies, globalization, Murugappa Group, the Aditya Birla Group, capital markets development, demographics and Kochi Refineries and the Governments of India trade. She publishes a monthly report on the and Karnataka. Prof. Krishnan worked for four BRICs and is also responsible for economics years as the general manager of a small high research for corporate clients. Ms. Lawson technology company in the telecom sector from joined Goldman Sachs as an equity strategist 1987-91. During this period, he also co-founded monitoring legal and regulatory developments a software company working on specialized

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58 APPENDIX C electrical engineering from the Indian Institute across East Asia during the 1997-1998 financial of Technology, Madras, India in 1977. He crisis. She has subsequently worked as an earned a master of science and Ph.D. degrees in economist in both London and New York. She computer science from Ohio State University in has degrees from the Yale Law School and 1978 and 1981, respectively. In 1982, Dr. Dartmouth College. Menon joined IBM Research in San Jose, Calif., where he became a pioneering researcher and Vincent Ling designer of data storage systems and RAID Dr. Ling is currently the vice president of (Redundant Array of Independent Disks) molecular biology at Dragonfly Sciences. Prior architectures. He was named functional to that, he was the director of molecular biology manager, storage systems and server technology and genetics at Compound Therapeutics. He has in April 2000. In May 2001, Dr. Menon was thirteen years of industrial biotechnology named IBM Fellow, the company’s most experience related to the design, construction, prestigious and highest technical honor. He is screening and testing of novel recombinant also co-director of the Storage Systems Institute, protein therapeutics. Dr. Ling spent ten years as a virtual organization/joint program between a member of the immunology department at IBM Research and the storage systems division Wyeth (formerly Genetics Institute), with two aimed at speeding the incorporation of scientific issued patents related to the discovery and and technological advances into IBM storage application of protein therapeutics. He is an systems products. Dr. Menon is an IEEE Fellow expert in developing protein therapeutics-related and member of the IBM Academy of HTP screening systems, fusion-partners, Technology. modified active domains, and molecular evolution. Dr. Ling was a post-doctoral fellow and NASA research associate at Harvard Harkesh K. Mittal Mr. Mittal is the advisor and head of India’s Biolabs. He received his Ph.D. in plant biology National Science and Technology at the University of Illinois at Urbana- Entrepreneurship Development Board. He was Champaign, and his B.A. in Molecular Biology instrumental in establishing institutions of from the University of California at Berkeley. entrepreneurship development at the state level. He then moved on to provide technical and Paul McCarthy management consultancy to SME. Between Based in New York and Detroit, Mr. McCarthy 1990 and 2003, he was responsible for initiating is a director in PwC’s transaction services various new programs in NSTEDB and also had strategy group, specializing in the automotive a short stint with UNIDO for development of sector. Mr. McCarthy has over 11 years industrial clusters in India. At present he also experience in the auto industry. In the past, he looks after the work relating to plan- has worked at a major OEM, as automotive lead coordination, Swarnajayanti fellowships and for PwC Germany’s advisory strategy services, information technology for the Department of in the leadership team of PwC AUTOFACTS, Science and Technology. Mr. Mittal is currently and in PwC’s management consulting services. also the national director of the UNDP project In addition to Germany, Mr. McCarthy has been on SKILLS which aims to demonstrate that jobs involved in PwC automotive projects in China, can be created through appropriate location- India, Japan, Korea, Great Britain, Italy, Canada, specific, need-based, competency-linked training and Mexico. interventions using conventional as well as on- line systems. He has been responsible for Jai Menon establishing networks with international Dr. Menon is IBM Research’s leading authority development institutions like the World Bank on the design and architecture of data storage (InfoDev Programme) and European Union. At systems, which enable enterprises and the national level he has linked activities of the organizations to manage their data reliably and NSTEDB with various developmental ministries efficiently. A native of Kerala, India, Menon and institutions. He holds a graduate degree in received a bachelor of technology degree in

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APPENDIX C 59 of the China High-tech Industry Promotion dairy technology from National Dairy Research Society (CHIPS), and vice president of S&T Institute (NDRI), Karnal and a master’s degree Policy Research at the Chinese Association for in management from the Indian Institute of Science. Prior to these roles, Dr. Mu worked as Management, Ahmedabad. teacher in Hefei Poly-Technical University for four years. He has led more than 20 research David Morgenthaler projects commissioned or financed by the Mr. Morgenthaler is the founding partner of National Commission for Development and Morgenthaler Ventures. He has served as a Reform, the Ministry of Science and director, chairman, or president of more than 30 Technology, National Natural Science companies, and over the last 38 years he has Foundation of China, and CAS. His research built a national reputation for industry leadership interests are in S&T strategy and policy, S&T and value-added venture capital investing. He management and evaluation, technology served from 1977 to 1979 as the president and foresight, and evaluation of international then chairman of the National Venture Capital competitiveness of high-tech industry. Dr. Mu Association (NVCA). In 1998, he received the received his B.Sc. and M. Sc. degrees from the first Lifetime Achievement Award by the University of Science and Technology of China, NVCA for his work in venture capital, and has and his Ph.D. from Technische Universität been elected to the Venture Capital Hall of Berlin, Germany. Fame. In addition, he was an advisor to Brentwood Associates, a limited partner in Hambrecht & Quist, and is an emeritus trustee Norman Neureiter Dr. Neureiter previously served as science and and distinguished fellow of The Cleveland technology advisor to U.S. Secretary of State Clinic Foundation. In 2004 he received the first Colin Powell. As director of the AAAS Center life-time achievement award granted by the for Science, Technology and Security Policy, he International Business Forum and was made one oversees an ambitious effort to build new of the first two Kaufman Foundation Honorary connections between scientists, research Fellows. He is a member of the Science, institutions and the federal policy-makers who Technology and Economic Policy Board of the are involved with antiterrorism efforts and other National Academies. From 1957 until 1968, Mr. national security issues. He holds a bachelor of Morgenthaler was CEO of Foseco, Inc., science in chemistry from the University of manufacturer of specialty chemicals financed by Rochester (N.Y.). He was a Fulbright Fellow to J.H. Whitney & Co. Earlier in his career, Mr. Germany in 1955-56. He earned a Ph.D. in Morgenthaler was a member of the management organic chemistry at Northwestern University in team of several young growth companies. He 1957. After joining the U.S. Foreign Service in received both B.S. and M.S. degrees in 1965, during the height of the Cold War, he mechanical engineering from the Massachusetts became the first U.S. science attaché in Eastern Institute of Technology. Europe in 1967, based at the U.S. Embassy in Warsaw, Poland. From 1969 to 1973, he served Mu Rongping as the international affairs assistant in President Dr. Mu is now director-general and professor at Richard Nixon’s Office of Science and the Institute of Policy and Management (IPM) of Technology. After leaving that post, he worked the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and for Texas Instruments until 1996 as director of director-general of the CAS Center for Texas Instruments in Japan and vice president of Innovation and Development and the CAS Texas Instruments Asia. In the closing months Center for Evaluation Research. He is also of President Bill Clinton’s administration he was editor-in-chief of the Chinese Journal of Science named as science and technology adviser for a Research Management (an academic three-year term, first to Secretary of State bimonthly), vice president and secretary-general

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60 APPENDIX C Pitroda is also the founding chairman of a non- Madeleine Albright and then to Secretary Colin profit Foundation for Revitalization of Local Powell. Dr. Neureiter left the post in September Health Traditions in India. Mr. Pitroda received 2003 after his term expired. a master’s degree in physics and electronics in Baroda, India. In 1964, he completed his Arvind Panagariya master’s degree in electrical engineering in Professor Panagariya is a professor of Chicago. Thereafter, he worked at GTE and economics and co-director, Center for formed Wescom Switching, Inc. In 1984, Mr. International Economics, University of Pitroda returned to India and founded the Center Maryland at College Park. He holds a Ph.D. in for Development of Telematics (CDAC) and economics from Princeton University. In the later became advisor to the Indian Prime past he has served as the chief economist of the Minister on national technology policy. Asian Development Bank and also advised the World Bank, IMF, WTO, and UNCTAD in various capacities. Professor Panagariya has V.S. Ramamurthy After obtaining his M.Sc. degree from Madras written extensively on trade reforms in University in 1963, Professor Ramamurthy developing countries. He is the founding editor joined the Training School of the then Atomic of the Journal of Policy Reform, which he edited Energy Establishment, Trombay (the present with Dani Rodrik during 1996-2001. He is Bhabha Atomic Research Centre). Since then, he currently an associate editor of Economics and has been engaged in full time research in nuclear Politics. He writes a monthly column in the physics and has made important contributions, Economic Times, India’s top financial daily. He both experimental and theoretical, in the areas of has also written guest columns in the Financial nuclear fission, statistical and thermodynamic Times, Hindu, India Today and Outlook. properties of nuclei and medium energy heavy ion reaction mechanisms. Part of his work on Thomas Pickering fission theory earned him the Ph.D. degree from Thomas Pickering is senior vice president for Bombay University in 1971. In 1989, he moved international relations at the Boeing Company, a to the Institute of Physics, Bhubaneshwar, as position he assumed in January 2001 upon his director. After the installation and retirement as United States Under Secretary of commissioning of a 3 MV pelletron accelerator State for Political Affairs. Ambassador at the Institute, he initiated several experimental Pickering held the personal rank of career programs on low energy ion beam applications ambassador, the highest in the U.S. Foreign and small atomic clusters. He also initiated an Service. In a diplomatic career spanning five experimental high energy physics programme at decades, he has served as U.S. ambassador to the the Institute using the accelerator in CERN, Russian Federation, India, Israel, El Salvador, Geneva. In July 1995, Professor Ramamurthy Nigeria and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. assumed the position of Secretary, Department From 1989 to 1993, he served as ambassador to of Science and Technology, government of the United Nations. His government service India. began in 1956 in the Navy. On active duty until 1959, he later served in the Naval Reserve to the grade of lieutenant commander. Between 1959 J. Thomas Ratchford Before joining George Mason University in and 1961, he served in the Bureau of 1993, Dr. Ratchford was associate director for Intelligence and Research of the State policy and international affairs at the White Department, and in the Arms Control and House Office of Science and Technology Policy Disarmament Agency. (OSTP). Prior to confirmation by the Senate to his OSTP position in 1989, he was the associate Sam Pitroda executive officer of the American Association Mr. Pitroda is the chairman and CEO of World- for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). Dr. Tel Limited, an International Telecom Union Ratchford is also CEO of STTA, LC. A (ITU) initiative. He is also the chairman and condensed matter physicist, Dr. Ratchford has founder of Sevend High-Technology. Mr.

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APPENDIX C 61 served on university faculties and research staffs Adam Segal Adam Segal is the Maurice R. Greenberg senior of private and governmental laboratories. As a fellow for China studies at the Council on professional staff member and subcommittee Foreign Relations. An expert on Chinese staff director of the House of Representatives' domestic politics, technology development, Committee on Science in the 1970s, he was one foreign policy, and security issues, Dr. Segal of the first scientists to serve the Congress full- currently leads a study group on Asian time. He was selected a congressional fellow of innovation and technological entrepreneurship. the American Political Science Association, a Previously, he was the project director for a fellow of the AAAS and the American Physical Council-sponsored independent task force on Society (APS), and a member of the Council on Chinese military modernization. Before coming Foreign Relations. He is active in international to the Council, Dr. Segal was an arms control science and technology programs in the U.S., analyst for the China Project at the Union of Asia, and Europe, and chairs the U.S. side of the Concerned Scientists. There, he wrote about U.S.-China Science Policy Initiative for the missile defense, nuclear weapons, and Asian National Science Foundation. Dr. Ratchford security issues. He has been a visiting scholar at directs The George Mason University Law the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s School’s Tech Center's Science and Trade Center for International Studies, the Shanghai Policy Program. Dr. Ratchford received both his Academy of Social Sciences, and Qinghua Ph.D. and M.A. from the University of Virginia University in Beijing. He has taught at Vassar in physics and also holds a B.S. in mathematics College and Columbia University. Dr. Segal has and physics from Davidson College. a Ph.D. and a B.A. in government from Cornell University and an M.A. in international relations Bhaven Sampat from the Fletcher School of Law and Dr. Sampat’s research centers on the economics Diplomacy, Tufts University. of biomedical innovation, the law and economics of the patent system, and science policy. His current projects examine the political Oded Shenkar economy of the National Institutes of Health, the Oded Shenkar is the Ford Motor Company Chair effects of patents on access to medicines in in Global Business Management and professor India, the interactions between patent laws and of management and human resources at the FDA regulation in the pharmaceutical industry, Fisher College of Business, Ohio State the determinants of patent quality in the U.S. University, where he is also a member of the patent system, and challenges to evidence-based Center for Chinese Studies. Professor Shenkar’s medicine in contexts of rapid technological research interests include international business, change. Dr. Sampat received his B.A. in particularly comparative and international economics and political science summa cum management. His special interests include laude and with honors from Columbia strategic and managerial issues pertaining to University in 1996, and was awarded the international strategic alliances. Geographically, Sanford Parker Prize in economics that year. He his main region of interest is East Asia, received his M.A. and Ph.D. with distinction in particularly China. Professor Shenkar serves on Economics from Columbia in 1998 and 2001. the editorial boards of the Academy of From 2001 to 2003, Dr. Sampat was an assistant Management Executive, Journal of Cross- professor at the School of Public Policy at the Cultural Management, Journal of International Georgia Institute of Technology. From 2003- Business Studies, Journal of Management 2005 he was a Robert Wood Johnson Inquiry, Management International Review, Foundation Scholar in health policy research at Human Relations and Organization Studies. the University of Michigan. Professor Shenkar has advised multinational

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62 APPENDIX C firms, national and state governments, and the Pew Research Center, where he works on the international organizations. He is a member of Global Attitudes Project, a survey of 48,000 the Conference Board Council of Integration people in 50 countries on changing public values Executives. and attitudes toward a range of issues, including globalization, modernization, democratization, and current foreign policy concerns, including Denis Simon Dr. Simon is the provost and vice president for America's role in the world. Mr. Stokes is a academic affairs of the Levin Graduate Institute regular commentator for Marketplace on of International Relations and Commerce at the National Public Radio. He is also the U.S. State University of New York. He has also rapporteur for the Transatlantic Policy Network, served as managing director in Singapore for and from 1996 to 2002, he was a senior fellow at Scient and associate partner at Andersen the Council on Foreign Relations. He is Consulting China, and from 1990 to 1995 served currently working on a study for the Centre for as president of China Consulting Associates. Dr. European Reform on transatlantic economic Simon, who has published several books on relations. China, including Corporate Strategies Towards the Pacific Rim, holds an M.A. and a Ph.D. from Pete Suttmeier the University of California at Berkeley. Dr. Suttmeier a professor of political science, received his Ph.D. from Indiana University in 1970 and has been with the University of Roy Singham Mr. Singham is founder and chairman of Oregon since 1990. He is a member of the ThoughtWorks, Inc. With more than 20 years of Department of Commerce Civil Industrial technology and executive management Technology Coordinating Committee for experience, Mr. Singham is a globally-renowned relations with the Chinese Ministry of Science information technology thought leader. He has and Technology and has served as a senior authored technology-related columns in various analyst at the congressional Office of industry publications, and is a frequent speaker Technology Assessment, as a consultant to the at technology conferences worldwide. Mr. World Bank and the UNDP, and as the director Singham and ThoughtWorks are recognized of the Beijing Office of the Committee for experts in enterprise architecture, agile Scholarly Communication with China. Dr. development, large scale software development Suttmeier’s current research includes a study of including highly distributed teams, open source China’s scientific community (with Cao Cong), software, ruby, .NET and web services. During and a longer term study of Chinese approaches the last five years, Mr. Singham has provided to the management of technological and management services to clients in the insurance, environmental risks entitled, Is It Safe to be mortgage, energy, leasing, retail and software Modern? development industries. He has also directed multi-million dollar projects for clients including Lee S. Ting Caterpillar Financial Services, Dixonis Group, Mr. Ting is a managing director of W.R. Progressive Insurance, and Transamerica. One Hambrecht & Co. Mr. Ting is a former corporate of Mr. Singham’s passions is evolving cultural vice president of Hewlett Packard where he and organizational patterns to create the most worked for more than thirty years. He was the advanced internally and externally socially founder and general manager of HP Taiwan, networked consultancies in the industry. general manager of Far East region, managing director of Southeast Asia operations, director of business development, and vice president and Bruce Stokes Mr. Stokes is the international economics managing director of Asia Pacific. His last columnist for the National Journal, a position was corporate vice president and Washington-based public policy magazine and, managing director of worldwide geographic a journalism fellow at the German Marshall operations where he was responsible for HP’s Fund. In addition, Mr. Stokes is a fellow with customer-facing organizations in all the

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APPENDIX C 63 countries in which the company had a business Kuan Wang Dr. Wang currently serves multiple roles at the presence. He is an independent board member of National Institutes of Health. He is lab chief in the Lenovo Group, the leading IT company in the Laboratory of Muscle Biology, Section Chief China, and MTI, a supplier of of Muscle Proteomics and Nanotechnology, and satellite/microwave communications he focuses on Musculoskeletal and Skin components and subsystems based in Taiwan. Diseases at the National Institute of Arthritis. Mr. Ting is also an advisor to WK Technologies, Prior to these roles, he served as lab chief in the a leading venture capital company with Lab of Physical Biology. He has also been a operations in Taiwan and the United States and visiting professor in the department of cell other private companies. Mr. Ting received his biology at Duke University Medical Center and, BSEE from the Oregon State University and has prior to that, a professor in the department of completed the Stanford Executive Program. chemistry and biochemistry at the University of Texas at Austin. He was an Established Vivek Wadhwa Investigator of the American Heart Association. Mr. Wadhwa is founder, chairman, and CEO of He is part of the National Institute of Health’s Relativity Technologies, Cary, North Carolina. Nanomedicine Roadmap Implementation Group His company does what is called legacy and serves on the editorial board of the Journal transformation, creating software to ensure old of Nanomedicine. He also currently serves on computers are compatible with newer client- the advisory board of Taiwan’s National servers and the Web. He is also president of the Research Council and on several advisory Carolinas chapter of The Indus Entrepreneurs boards of Taiwan’s Academia Sinica. He (TIE), a non-profit global network intended to completed his postdoctoral training in cell and foster entrepreneurship. In addition, he serves as molecular biology in 1976 at the University of an advisor to several local entrepreneurs looking California at San Diego. He earned his Ph.D. in to build companies from the ground up. Mr. molecular biochemistry and biophysics at Yale Wadhwa has over 25 years of experience in the University, completed graduate studies in software industry. He has focused on the issue of physical chemistry at the State University of coping with technological change since he was New York, Stony Brook, and earned his B.S. in vice president of information services at New chemistry from National Taiwan University. York-based investment banking powerhouse CS First Boston (CFSB). He spearheaded the Alan Wm. Wolff development of a revolutionary technology for Alan Wolff is a member of Dewey & LeBoeuf’s building large-scale client/server systems. The management committee and managing partner of technology was so successful that CSFB decided the firm’s Washington, D.C., office. He also to spin off this business unit into its own leads Dewey’s international trade practice group company, Seer Technologies. Mr. Wadhwa was representing clients involved in some of the tapped to head Seer’s technology efforts as most important trade issues of our day. It has executive vice president and chief technology been credited with helping to open international officer, and helped grow the nascent startup into markets for American products, including a $118 million publicly traded company. Mr. semiconductors, computer parts, Wadhwa was born in Delhi, India, and came to telecommunications equipment, soda ash and the United States in 1980. He holds a B.A. forest products, consumer photographic film and degree in computer science from Canberra paper, and insurance, and other services. The University in Australia and a master's degree in trade practice group is also active in efforts to business administration from New York limit trade-distorting practices such as dumping University.

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64 APPENDIX C period has worked in various multi-faceted roles and subsidies, private anticompetitive practices, across consulting, vertical market solutions and violations of intellectual property rights, and client relationship management. He brings with trade-related investment performance him over 15 years of professional experience requirements. Mr. Wolff served as United States spanning business consulting, IT strategy and Deputy Special Representative for Trade strategic sourcing. Mr. Yellavalli holds an Negotiations (1977 - 1979) in the Carter M.B.A. degree from the Indian Institute of Administration, holding the rank of ambassador, Management and a bachelor’s degree in after having served as general counsel of the engineering from the Indian Institute of agency from 1974-1977. As Deputy Trade Technology. Prior to joining Infosys, he worked Representative, he played a key role in the with KPMG-AFF India and Feedback Ventures. formulation of American trade policy and its implementation. From 1968 to 1973, Mr. Wolff was an attorney dealing with international Lifeng Zhao Dr. Zhao is a research fellow in the energy monetary, trade and development issues at the technology innovation policy research group at Treasury Department. the Belfer Center of Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. Her Lan Xue research focuses on advanced energy Dr. Xue is professor and executive associate technologies for China that burn coal more dean of the School of Public Policy and cleanly and efficiently. Previously, Dr. Zhao Management at Tsinghua University. His was at the Institute of Engineering teaching and research interests include public Thermodynamics at the Chinese Academy of policy analysis and management, science and Sciences. She holds a doctorate of engineering technology policy, and crisis management. Dr. thermophysics from the Chinese Academy of Xue holds a Ph.D. in engineering and public Sciences. policy from Carnegie Mellon University and taught at the George Washington University before returning to China in 1996. He has served Stephen A. Merrill, Project Director as a policy advisor for many Chinese Dr. Merrill has been Executive Director of the government agencies and has consulted for the National Academies’ Board on Science, World Bank, APEC, IDRC, and other Technology, and Economic Policy (STEP) since international organizations. He is a recipient of its formation in 1991. The STEP program 2001 National Distinguished Young Scientist addresses macroeconomic, intellectual property, Award. He currently serves as a vice president technical standards, trade, taxation, human of the China Association of Public resources, and statistical as well as research and Administration and vice chairman of the development policies affecting technology Chinese National Steering Committee for MPA development and economic performance. Education. He is also a member of the visiting Previously, Dr. Merrill was a fellow in committee to the John F. Kennedy School of international business at the Center for Strategic Government at Harvard University. and International Studies (CSIS), served on various congressional staffs, including that of Balaji Yellavalli the Senate Commerce, Science, and Mr. Yellavalli heads the solutions and consulting Transportation Committee. Dr. Merrill holds group of the banking and capital markets vertical degrees in Political Science from Columbia at Infosys Technologies, Ltd. He has been with (B.A., summa cum laude), Oxford (M. Phil.), the company since September, 2000, and in this and Yale (M.A. and Ph.D.) Universities.