Angert, A., S. Biraud, C. Bonfils, C. C. Henning, W. Buermann, J. Pinzon, C. J. Tucker, and I. Fung. 2005. Drier summers cancel out the CO2 uptake enhancement induced by warmer springs. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102:10823-10827, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0501647102.

Arblaster, J. M. and G. A. Meehl. 2006. Contributions of external forcings to southern annular mode trends. Journal of Climate 19 (12):2896-2905.

Archer, D. 2005. Fate of fossil fuel CO2 in geologic time. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans 110(C9):C09S05, DOI: 10.1029/2004JC002625.

Archer, D. and Victor Brovkin. 2008. The millennial atmospheric lifetime of anthropogenic CO2. Climatic Change 90 (3):283-297.

Archer, D., H. Kheshgi, and E. Maier-Reimer. 1997. Multiple timescales for neutralization of fossil fuel CO2. Geophysical Research Letters 24 (4):405-408.

Archer, D., M. Eby, V. Brovkin, A. Ridgwell, L. Cao, U. Mikolajewicz, K. Caldeira, K. Matsumoto, G. Munhoven, A. Montenegro, and K. Tokos. 2009. Atmospheric lifetime of fossil fuel carbon dioxide. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 37:117-134, DOI: 10.1146/

ACIA (Arctic Climate Impact Assessment). Berner, J., T. V. Callaghan, S. Fox, C. Furgal, A. H. Hoel, H. Huntington, A. Instanes, G. P. Juday, E. Källén, V. M. Kattsov, D. R. Klein, H. Loeng, M. Long Martello, G. McBean, J. J. McCarthy, M. Nuttall, T. D. Prowse, J. D. Reist, A. Stevermer, A. Tanskanen, M. B. Usher, H. Vilhjálmsson, J. E. Walsh, B. Weatherhead, G. Weller, F. J. Wrona, et al. 2005. Arctic Climate Impact Assessment. New York City: Cambridge University Press.

Arzel, O., T. Fichefet, and H. Goosse. 2006. Sea ice evolution over the 20th and 21st centuries as simulated by current AOGCMs. Ocean Modelling 12 (3-4):401-415, DOI: 10.1016/ j.ocemod.2005.08.002.

Bahr, D. B., M. Dyurgerov, and M. F. Meier. 2009. Sea-level rise from glaciers and ice caps: a lower bound. Geophysical Research Letters 36:L03501, DOI: 10.1029/2008GL036309.

Bailey, R. G. 1995. Description of the Ecoregions of the United States (2nd, rev. and enl. ed.). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service.

Bakun, A., D. B. Field, A. Redondo-Rodriguez, and S. J. Weeks. 2010. Greenhouse gas, up-welling-favorable winds, and the future of coastal ocean upwelling ecosystems. Global Change Biology 16 (4):1213-1228, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02094.x.

Bala, G., K. Caldeira, A. Mirin, M. Wickett, C. Delire, and T. J. Phillips. 2006. Biogeophysical effects of CO2 fertilization on global climate. Tellus Series B-Chemical and Physical Meteorology 58 (5):620-627, DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0889.2006.00210.x.

Ballester, J., F. Giorgi, and X. Rodo. 2010. Changes in European temperature extremes can be predicted from changes in PDF central statistics. Climatic Change 98 (1-2):277-284, DOI: 10.1007/s10584-009-9758-0.

Balshi, M. S., A. D. McGuire, P. Duffy, M. Flannigan, J. Walsh, and J. Melillo. 2009. Assessing the response of area burned to changing climate in western boreal North America using a Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines (MARS) approach. Global Change Biology 15 (3):578-600, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01679.x.

Bamber, J. L., S. Ekholm, and W. B. Krabill. 2001. A new, high-resolution digital elevation model of Greenland fully validated with airborne laser altimeter data. Journal of Geophysical Research B 106:6733-6745.

Bamber J. L., R. E. M. Riva, B. L. A. Vermeersen, and A. M. LeBroq. 2009. Reassessment of the potential sea-level rise from a collapse of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet. Science 324 (5929):901-903, DOI: 10.1126/science.1169335.

Barnett, J. 2003. Security and climate change. Global Environmental Change-Human and Policy Dimensions 13 (1):7-17.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001

Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement