Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.
Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.
OCR for page 271
Climate Stabilization Targets: Emissions, Concentrations, and Impacts over Decades to Millennia Appendix B Committee Membership Susan Solomon (NAS) is a senior scientist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), where she has been a researcher since receiving her Ph.D. degree in chemistry from the University of California at Berkeley in 1981. She made some of the first measurements in the Antarctic that showed that chlorofluorocarbons were responsible for the stratospheric ozone hole, and she pioneered the theoretical understanding of the surface chemistry that causes it. In March 2000, she received the National Medal of Science, the United States’ highest scientific honor, for “key insights in explaining the cause of the Antarctic ozone hole.” Her current research focuses on chemistry-climate coupling, and she served as co-chair of the science panel for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2007) report. Dr. Solomon was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1992 and is a foreign member of the Academie des Sciences in France, the European Academy, and the Royal Society. David S. Battisti is The Tamaki Endowed Chair of Atmospheric Sciences at the University of Washington. Dr. Battisti’s research is focused on understanding the natural variability of the climate system. He is especially interested in understanding how the interactions between the ocean, atmosphere, land, and sea ice lead to variability in climate on time scales from seasonal to decades. He is also working on the impacts of climate variability and climate change on food production in Mexico, Indonesia, and China. Dr. Battisti received a Ph.D. in Atmospheric Sciences (1988) from the University of Washington. Scott Doney is a senior scientist in the Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). He graduated with a Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology/Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Joint Program in Oceanography in
OCR for page 272
Climate Stabilization Targets: Emissions, Concentrations, and Impacts over Decades to Millennia 1991 and was a postdoctoral fellow and later a scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, before returning to Woods Hole in 2002. He was awarded the James B. Macelwane Medal from the American Geophysical Union in 2000, a Aldo Leopold Leadership Fellow in 2004, and the WHOI W. Van Alan Clark Sr. Chair in 2007. His scientific interests span oceanography, climate, and biogeochemistry. Much of his research focuses on how the global carbon cycle and ocean ecology respond to natural and human-driven climate change, which may act to either dampen or accelerate climate trends. A current focus is on ocean acidification due to the invasion into the ocean of carbon dioxide and other chemicals from fossil-fuel burning. He is currently the chair of the U.S. Ocean Carbon and Biogeochemistry Program and the U.S. Ocean Carbon and Climate Change Program. Katharine Hayhoe is an atmospheric scientist and research associate professor in the Department of Geosciences at Texas Tech University. Her research focuses on quantifying the potential impacts of human activities at the regional scale, including evaluating the ability of coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation models to simulate real-world phenomena and developing new techniques to generate scientifically robust, high-resolution projections. She is the author of more than 40 peer-reviewed publications, several book chapters, and numerous reports, including the U.S. Global Change Research Program’s 2009 report, Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States. Isaac Held (NAS) majored in physics at the University of Minnesota, continued on in physics to obtain a master’s degree from the State University of New York at Stony Brook, and then started his career of research into climate dynamics at Princeton University, where he received his Ph.D. in Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences in 1976. He has spent most of his career at NOAA’s Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, where he is currently a Senior Research Scientist and conducts studies on climate dynamics and climate modeling. He is also a lecturer with rank of professor at Princeton University, in its Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences Program, and is an Associate Faculty member in Princeton’s Applied and Computational Mathematics Program and in the Princeton Environmental Institute. Dr. Held is a fellow of the American Meteorological Society (1991) and the American Geophysical Union (1995) and a member of the National Academy of Sciences (2003). Governmental awards include a Department of Commerce Gold Medal (1999) for “world leadership in studies of climate dynamics”
OCR for page 273
Climate Stabilization Targets: Emissions, Concentrations, and Impacts over Decades to Millennia and a NOAA Presidential Rank Award (2005). He recently received the AMS Carl Gustav Rossby Gold Medal (2008) for “fundamental insights into the dynamics of the Earth’s climate through studies of idealized models and comprehensive climate simulations.” Dennis Lettenmaier is the Robert and Irene Sylvester Professor of Civil Engineering at the University of Washington. Dr. Lettenmaier’s interests include hydroclimatology, surface water hydrology, and hydrologic aspects of remote sensing. He was a recipient of ASCE’s Huber Research Prize in 1990 and the American Geophysical Union Hydrology Section Award in 2000, and he is a fellow of the American Geophysical Union, the American Meteorological Society, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He is the author of more than 200 journal articles. He is the past Chief Editor of the American Meteorological Society’s Journal of Hydrometeorology, and he is President-Elect of the American Geophysical Union Hydrology Section. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2010. Dr. Lettenmaier is a member of the NRC Committee on Hydrologic Science, and has served on other NRC committees and panels including the Committee on the National Ecological Observatory Network (2003-2004), the Committee for Earth Science and Applications from Space: A Community Assessment and Strategy for the Future (2005-2007), and the Committee on Scientific Bases of Colorado River Basin Water Management (2006-2007). Dr. Lettenmaier received his Ph.D. in Civil Engineering (1975) from the University of Washington. David Lobell is an assistant professor at Stanford University in environmental earth system science, and a center fellow in Stanford’s Program on Food Security and the Environment. His research focuses on identifying opportunities to raise crop yields in major agricultural regions, with a particular emphasis on adaptation to climate change. His current projects span Africa, South Asia, Mexico, and the United States and involve a range of tools including remote sensing, GIS, and crop and climate models. Prior to his current appointment, Dr. Lobell was a senior research scholar at FSE from 2008-2009 and a Lawrence Post-doctoral Fellow at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory from 2005-2007. He received a Ph.D. in Geological and Environmental Sciences from Stanford University in 2005, and a Sc.B. in Applied Mathematics, magna cum laude from Brown University in 2000. H. Damon Matthews is assistant professor and university research fellow in the Department of Geography Planning and Environment at Concordia
OCR for page 274
Climate Stabilization Targets: Emissions, Concentrations, and Impacts over Decades to Millennia University. He obtained a B.Sc. in Environmental Science from Simon Fraser University in 1999 and a Ph.D. in Earth and Ocean Sciences from the University of Victoria in 2004. Prior to joining Concordia University in January 2007, he held a post-doctoral fellowship at the University of Calgary and worked as a post-doctoral researcher at the Carnegie Institution at Stanford. Dr. Matthews currently teaches courses on the climate system, climate change, and environmental modeling at Concordia University. His research is aimed at better understanding the many possible interactions between human activities, natural ecosystems, and future climate change, and contributing to the scientific knowledge base required to promote the development of sound national and international climate policy. Dr. Matthews holds several current research grants for projects to investigate the uncertainties associated with current terrestrial carbon sinks in the context of expected future climate changes. He has published a number of research papers in the area of global climate modeling, with particular emphasis on the role of the global carbon cycle in the climate system, estimating allowable emissions for climate stabilization, and understanding our commitment to long-term climate warming. Raymond T. Pierrehumbert is the Louis Block Professor in Geophysical Sciences at The College at the University of Chicago, having earlier served on the atmospheric science faculties of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Princeton. His Climate Systems Center project has worked to bring modern software design techniques to the problem of climate simulation, and his research on climate dynamics has covered phenomena ranging from global warming to deep-time paleoclimate to climate of other planets. He has also collaborated with David Archer on the University of Chicago’s global warming curriculum. He was a lead author of the IPCC Third Assessment Report and a co-author of the National Research Council study on abrupt climate change. He is a fellow of the American Geophysical Union, has been a John Simon Guggenheim Fellow, and, in recognition of his work on climate, he has been named Chevalier de l’Ordre des Palmes Academiques by the Republic of France. Dr. Pierrehumbert’s book on comparative planetary climate, Principles of Planetary Climate, will be published in December 2010 by Cambridge University Press. Another book, The Warming Papers, written in collaboration with David Archer, will be appearing from Wiley Blackwell. He received his Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
OCR for page 275
Climate Stabilization Targets: Emissions, Concentrations, and Impacts over Decades to Millennia Marilyn Raphael is a professor in the Department of Geography at the University of California, Los Angeles. Her research interests are in climate variability and change particularly in the Southern Hemisphere. Her research focuses on understanding the interaction between Antarctic sea-ice variability and the large-scale atmosphere and includes global climate modeling with an emphasis on improving the simulation of sea ice and the atmosphere in the Southern Hemisphere. Dr. Raphael also does work on the Santa Ana Winds of California. Dr. Raphael received her Ph.D. in geography from The Ohio State University. Richard Richels is senior technical executive for global climate change research at the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) in Washington, DC. His current research focus is the economics of mitigating greenhouse gas emissions, development and application of integrated assessment models for informing climate change policy making, and the incorporation of uncertainty into climate-related decision making. Dr. Richels has served on a number of national and international advisory panels, including committees of the Department of Energy, the Environmental Protection Agency, and the National Research Council. Dr. Richels has served as a lead author for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s (IPCC) Second, Third, and Fourth Scientific Assessments, contributing to chapters on mitigation, adaptation, and integrated assessment. He also served on the Synthesis Team for the U.S. National Assessment of Climate Change Impacts on the United States, was a lead author for the U.S. Climate Change Science Program Study on Future Emissions and Atmospheric Concentrations, and served on the Scientific Steering Committee for the U.S. Carbon Cycle Program. He currently serves on the National Research Council’s Climate Research Committee; the Advisory Committee for Carnegie-Mellon University’s Center for Integrated Study of the Human Dimensions of Global Change; and the U.S. government’s Climate Change Science Program Product Development Advisory Committee. Terry L. Root is a senior fellow at the Center for Environmental Science and Policy in the Institute for International Studies at Stanford University. Dr. Root’s work focuses on large-scale ecological questions investigating factors shaping the ranges and abundances of animals, primarily birds. Her small-scale studies have focused on possible mechanisms, such as physiological constraints, that may be helping to generate the observed large-scale patterns. Her work demonstrated that climate and/or vegetation are important factors shaping the ranges and abundances of birds and may help forecast
OCR for page 276
Climate Stabilization Targets: Emissions, Concentrations, and Impacts over Decades to Millennia the possible consequences of global warming on animal communities. In 1990, she received the Presidential Young Investigator Award from the National Science Foundation and in 1992 was selected as a Pew Scholar in Conservation and the Environment and Aldo Leopold Leadership Fellow in 1999. She received her bachelor’s degree in Mathematics and Statistics at the University of New Mexico, her master’s degree in Biology at the University of Colorado in 1982, and her Ph.D. in biology from Princeton University in 1987. She has served on the National Research Council Committee on Environmental Indicators. Konrad Steffen is a professor at the Cooperative Institute for Environmental Research/University of Colorado at Boulder, teaching climatology and remote sensing since 1990. His research involves the study of processes related to climate variability and change, cryospheric interaction in polar regions, and sea level rise based on in-situ measurements, satellite observations, and model approximations. He has lead field expeditions to the Greenland ice sheet and other Arctic regions for 33 consecutive years to measure the dynamic response of the ice masses under a warming climate. He is also the director of the University of Colorado’s Cooperative Institute for Environmental Research (CIRES), the largest research unit on the University of Colorado, Boulder campus. He earned his Ph.D. from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich in 1983. Claudia Tebaldi is a research scientist at Climate Central, a research-media organization dedicated to the communication of the science of climate change and a part-time adjunct faculty member in the Department of Statistics at University of British Columbia, Vancouver. She has a Ph.D. in Statistics from Duke University. Her work focuses on applications of statistical modeling to various aspects of climate change research: observed changes, future projections and their uncertainties, changes in climate extremes, and climate change impacts, especially in the hydrological and agricultural sectors. She is a contributing author to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC. Gary Yohe is the Woodhouse/Sysco Professor of Economics at Wesleyan University; he has been on the faculty at Wesleyan for more than 30 years. He was educated at the University of Pennsylvania and received his Ph.D. in Economics from Yale University in 1975. Most of his work has focused attention on the mitigation and adaptation/impacts sides of the climate issue from a risk-management perspective. He is a senior member of the Intergov-
OCR for page 277
Climate Stabilization Targets: Emissions, Concentrations, and Impacts over Decades to Millennia ernmental Panel on Climate Change. Involved with the IPCC since the mid 1990s, he served as a lead author for four different chapters in the Third Assessment Report that was published in 2001 and as convening lead author for the last chapter of the contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report. In that Assessment, he also worked with the core writing team to prepare the overall Synthesis Report. Dr. Yohe serves as a member of the New York City Panel on Climate Change and the standing Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change of the National Academy of Sciences. He has testified before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on the “Hidden (climate change) Cost of Oil” on March 30, 2006, the Senate Energy Committee on the Stern Review on February 14, 2007, and the Senate Banking Committee on “Material Risk from Climate Change and Climate Policy” on October 31, 2007. In addition to accepting an invitation to join the Adaptation Subcommittee of the Governor’s Steering Committee on Climate Change (CT), he is served on the Adaptation Panel of the National Academy of Sciences’ initiative on America’s Climate Choices.
OCR for page 278
Climate Stabilization Targets: Emissions, Concentrations, and Impacts over Decades to Millennia This page intentionally left blank.