m meters

MiniCAM Mini-Climate Change Assessment Model

MOC meridional overturning circulation

MSL mean sea level

N2O nitrous oxide

NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NCDC National Climatic Data Center

NH Northern Hemisphere

NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NPCC New York City Panel on Climate Change

NRC National Research Council

NSIDC National Snow and Ice Data Center

NYCOEM New York City Office of Emergency Management

PCM Parallel Climate Model

pCO2 pressure of carbon dioxide

PDO Pacific Decadal Oscillation

PDSI Palmer Drought Severity Index

PETM Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum

PgC petagram of carbon (petagram = 1×1015 grams)

pH potentiometric hydrogen ion concentration, pH = –log[H+]

ppm parts per million

ppmv parts per million by volume

RCM Regional Climate Model

RCP representative carbon pathways

RF radiative forcing

SAM Southern (Hemisphere) Annular Mode

SAT surface air temperature

SCD snow cover duration

SLE sea level equivalent

SLR sea level rise

SPM Summary for Policymakers (of IPCC)

SRES Special Report on Emissions Scenarios

SST sea surface temperature

SWE snow water equivalent



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