improve geophysical prediction. He has an M.S. in computer science from the University of California, Berkeley and a Ph.D. in atmospheric and oceanic sciences from Princeton University.

Alberto Arribas

Met Office Hadley Centre

Dr. Alberto Arribas is the Manager of the Seasonal Forecasting group at the Met Office Hadley Centre where he is responsible for the research and development of new operational forecasting systems for intraseasonal-to-interannual timescales. Prior to this, Alberto has been heavily involved in the development of ensemble prediction systems for short- and medium-range forecasting, particularly in the area of representing model uncertainties. Other research interests include the application and use of probabilistic weather and climate forecast information. He received his BSc in Physics and PhD in Atmospheric Physics from the University Complutense (Madrid, Spain). He is a fellow of the Royal Meteorological Society and a lecturer for the World Meteorological Organization.

Robert E. Dickinson

University of Texas at Austin

Dr. Robert E. Dickinson is a Professor at the University of Texas at Austin, Jackson School of Geosciences. His research interests are in terrestrial and atmospheric interaction, terrestrial remote sensing. He has been contributing to the fields of climate modeling and global change research for over 40 years. Dr. Dickinson joined the staff of NCAR (National Center for Atmospheric Research) in 1968. In 1975, he became Head of the Climate Section and in 1981, Deputy Director of the Climate and Global Dynamics Division. During 1990–1999, Dr. Dickinson was Regents Professor at the University of Arizona in Tucson, where he held joint appointments in the Department of Atmospheric Sciences, the Institute of Atmospheric Physics, the Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, and the Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research. From 1999–2009, he was the Georgia Power Georgia Research Alliance Chair Professor of Atmospheric Sciences at the Georgia Institute of Technology. He has been active in committees, panels, and working groups of the NRC, IGBP, WCRP, and IPCC, and is a member of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering. His current research aims to prove the understanding of global and regional climate and earth system through the modeling of land, vegetation and radiative processes. He received his PhD in Meteorology from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1966.

Lisa Goddard

Columbia University

Dr. Lisa Goddard is a research scientist at the International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI) and an adjunct associate professor within the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences of Columbia University. She has been involved in El Niño and climate forecasting research and operations since the mid 1990s. She has extensive experience in

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