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References Aaronson, D., Barrow, L., and Sander, W.L. (2003). Teachers and student achievement in the Chicago public high schools. (WP 2002-28). Research Department Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago. Abell, S.K., and Lederman, N.G. (Eds.). (2007). Handbook of research on science education. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Allen, M. (2003). Eight questions about teacher education. What does the research say? Den- ver, CO: Education Commission of the States. American Association for the Advancement of Science. (1991). Science for all Americans. Washington, DC: Oxford University Press. Available: http://www.project2061.org/ publications/sfaa/online/sfaatoc.htm [accessed March 2010]. American Association for the Advancement of Science. (1993). Benchmarks for science lit- eracy. Washington, DC: Oxford University Press. Anderson, C.W. (2007). Perspectives on science learning. In S. Abell and N.G. Lederman (Eds.), Handbook of research on science education. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Applebee, A., Langer, J., Nystrand, M., and Gamoran, A. (2003). Discussion-based approaches to developing understanding: Classroom instruction and student performance in middle and high school English. American Educational Research Journal, 0(3), 685-730. August, D., and Calderón, M. (2006). Teacher beliefs and professional development. In D. August and T. Shanahan (Eds.), Developing literacy in second-language learners: Report of the national literacy panel on language-minority children and youth. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. August, D., and Shanahan, T. (Eds.) (2006). Developing literacy in second-language learners: Report of the national literacy panel on language-minority children and youth. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. August, D., and Shanahan, T. (Eds.) (2008). Developing reading and writing in second language learners: Lessons from the report of the national literacy panel on language minority children and youth. New York: Rutledge. 8

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