Inez Fung is a professor of atmospheric sciences and founding co-director of the Berkeley Institute of the Environment at the University of California, Berkeley. She studies the interactions between climate change and biogeochemical cycles, particularly the processes that maintain and alter the composition of the atmosphere. Her research emphasis is on using atmospheric transport models and a coupled carbon-climate model to examine how CO2 sources and sinks are changing. She was also a member of the science team for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA’s) Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO). Dr. Fung is a recipient of the American Geophysical Union’s Roger Revelle Medal and appears in a new National Academy of Sciences biography series for middle-school readers Women’s Adventure in Science. She is a fellow of the American Meteorological Society and the American Geophysical Union and a member of the National Academy of Sciences. She received her B.S. in applied mathematics and her Ph.D. in meteorology from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Michael R. Gunson is an atmospheric scientist and the chief scientist of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory’s Earth Science and Technology Directorate. His research interests focus on understanding the physical and chemical processes of the Earth’s atmosphere using space-based instruments. He is the deputy principal investigator of NASA’s Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer, which measures the radiance emitted by Earth’s surface and by gases and particles in Earth’s atmosphere. The data are used to study air quality and transport of pollution around the globe. Dr. Gunson was awarded several NASA exceptional service medals for his leadership and scientific achievements associated with space-based instruments that measure atmospheric radiative transfer, chemistry, and physical processes. He received a Ph.D. and a B.S. in chemistry from Bristol University.

Gemma Heddle is the carbon management adviser with Corporate Health, Environment, and Safety at Chevron. She is responsible for managing the development and deployment of Chevron’s new energy and emissions inventory system, for revising Chevron’s greenhouse gas emissions reporting protocol, for leading the European Union and U.S. focus areas of the company’s carbon markets team, and for managing Chevron’s internal carbon trading registry. Prior to joining Chevron in 2005, she worked as a technology policy analyst at the Cooperative Research Centre for Greenhouse Gas Technologies (CO2CRC) in Australia. Ms. Heddle holds a dual M.S. in technology and policy and in civil and environmental engineering from MIT, an M.S. in chemical engineering from the University of Sydney, Australia, and a double B.S. and B.A. from the University of Adelaide, Australia.

Beverly E. Law is a professor of global change forest science in the College of Forestry at Oregon State University. Her research focuses on the role of forests, woodlands, and shrublands in the global carbon cycle. Her approach is interdisciplinary, involving observations and models to study changes in climate, management, and other land-use changes that influence carbon and water cycling across a region over seasons to decades. Dr. Law is the science chair of the AmeriFlux network, which provides continuous observations of ecosystem level exchanges of CO2, water, and energy at more than 100 research sites in the Americas. She is a member of the Science Steering Group of the U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Program and the Science Steering Committee of the North American Carbon Program. She also serves as the U.S. point of contact on scientific exchanges in carbon cycle science for State Department bilateral agreements with Italy, Canada, and the European Union. She received a Ph.D. in forest science from Oregon State University and a B.S. in forest resources and conservation from the University of Florida.

Gregg Marland is a senior research staff member in the Environmental Sciences Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. In addition to research on the sources of greenhouse gas emissions and mitigation options, he helped define the methodologies and emissions coefficients now used to estimate CO2 emissions to the atmosphere. Dr. Marland served on the NRC Panel on Policy Implications of Greenhouse Warming and has been a lead author on several reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). He has spent recent sabbatical years as guest professor at Mid Sweden University in Östersund and as senior research scholar at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis in Laxenburg, Austria. Dr.

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