ICESat-II Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite-II

ICOS Integrated Carbon Observation System

IEA International Energy Agency

INTEX/NA Intercontinental Chemical Transport Experiment—North America

IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IPPU industrial processes and product use

kWh kilowatt-hour

LDCM Landsat Data Continuity Mission lidar light detection and ranging

LUCF land-use change and forestry

MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer

MOPITT Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere

Mt million tons

NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOx nitrogen oxide

N2O nitrous oxide

NWP numerical weather prediction

O2 oxygen

OCO Orbiting Carbon Observatory

ORCA Oregon and California

OSSE Observation System Simulation Experiment

PFC perfluorocarbon

ppb parts per billion

ppm parts per million

ppt parts per trillion

REDD Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries

SAR synthetic aperture radar

SCIAMACHY Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Chartography

SF6 sulfur hexafluoride

SMAP Soil Moisture Active-Passive

SSM/I Special Sensor Microwave Imager

SWDS solid waste disposal site

TCCON Total Carbon Column Observing Network

TES Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer

Tg million metric tons

TRACE-P Transport and Chemical Evolution over the Pacific

UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture

WMO World Meteorological Organization

WRF Weather Research and Forecast model

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