2. Comparison with inverse model simulations, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, D02304, doi:10.1029/2006JD007268.

Bertram, T.H., A. Heckel, A. Richter, J.P. Burrows, and R.C. Cohen, 2005, Satellite measurements of daily variations in soil NOx emissions, Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L24812, doi:10.1029/2005GL024640.

Biradar, C.M., P.S. Thenkabail, A. Platonov, X. Xiao, R. Geerken, P. Noojipady, H. Turral, and J. Vithanage, 2008, Water productivity mapping methods using remote sensing, Journal of Applied Remote Sensing, 2, 023544.

Birdsey, R., N. Bates, M. Behrenfield, K. Davis, S.C. Doney, R. Feely, D. Hansell, L. Heath, E. Kasischke, H. Kheshgi, B.E. Law, C. Lee, A.D. McGuire, P. Raymond, and C.J. Tucker, 2009, Carbon cycle observations: Gaps threaten climate mitigation policies, EOS, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, 90, 292.

Blackard, J.A., M.V., Finco, E.H. Helmer, G.R. Holden, M.L. Hoppus, D.M. Jacobs, A.J. Lister, G.G. Moisen, M.D. Nelson, R. Riemann, B. Ruefenacht, D. Salajanu, D.L. Weyermann, K.C. Winterberger, T.J. Brandeis, R.L. Czaplewski, R.E. McRoberts, P.L. Patterson, and R.P. Tycio, 2008, Mapping U.S. forest biomass using national forest inventory data and moderate resolution information, Remote Sensing of Environment, 112, 1658-1677.

Böttcher, H., K. Eisbrenner, S. Fritz, G. Kindermann, F. Kraxner, I. McCallum, and M. Obersteiner, 2009, An assessment of monitoring requirements and costs of “Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation,” Carbon Balance and Management, 4, doi:10.1186/1750-0680-4-7.

Boumans, R., R. Costanza, J. Farley, M.A. Wilson, R. Portela, J. Rotmans, F. Villa, and M. Grasso, 2002, Modeling the dynamics of the integrated Earth system and the value of global ecosystem services using the GUMBO model, Ecological Economics, 41, 529-560.

Bouwman, A.F., K.W. Vanderhoek, and J.G.J. Olivier, 1995, Uncertainties in the global source distribution of nitrous oxide, Journal of Geophysical Research, Atmosphere, 100, 2785-2800.

Bouwman, A.F., L.J.M. Boumans, and N.H. Batjes, 2002, Modeling global annual N2O and NO emissions from fertilized fields, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16, 1080, doi:1010.1029/ 2001gb001812.

Breidenich, C., and D. Bodansky, 2009, Measurement, Reporting and Verification in a Post-2012 Climate Agreement, Pew Center on Global Climate Change, Arlington, VA, 32 pp., available at <http://www.pewclimate.org/docUploads/mrv-report.pdf>.

Campbell, J.L., D.C. Donato, D.A. Azuma, and B.E. Law, 2007, Pyrogenic carbon emission from a large wildfire in Oregon, USA, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, G04014, doi:10.1029/ 2007JG000451.

Canadell, J.G., C. Le Quéré, M.R. Raupach, C.B. Field, E.T. Buitenhuis, P. Ciais, T.J. Conway, N.P. Gillett, R.A. Houghton, and G. Marland, 2007, Contributions to accelerating atmospheric CO2 growth from economic activity, carbon intensity, and efficiency of natural sinks, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 47, 18,866-18,870.

CCSP (Climate Change Science Program), 2007, The First State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR): The North American Carbon Budget and Implications for the Global Carbon Cycle, A.W. King, L. Dilling, G.P. Zimmerman, D.M. Fairman, R.A. Houghton, G. Marland, A.Z. Rose, and T.J. Wilbanks, eds., U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research, Asheville, N.C., 242 pp.

Chevallier, F., F.-M. Bréon, and P.J. Rayner, 2007, Contribution of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory to the estimation of CO2 sources and sinks: Theoretical study in a variational data assimilation framework, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, D09307, doi:10.1029/2006JD007375.

Chevallier, F., R.J. Engelen, C. Carouge, T.J. Conway, P. Peylin, C. Pickett-Heaps, M. Ramonet, P.J. Rayner, and I. Xueref-Remy, 2009, AIRS-based versus flask-based estimation of carbon surface fluxes, Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, D20303, doi:10.1029/2009JD012311.

Choi, Y., S.A. Vay, K.P. Vadrevu, A.J. Soja, J.-H. Woo, S.R. Nolf, G.W. Sachse, G.S. Diskin, D.R. Blake, N.J. Blake, H.B. Singh, M.A. Avery, A. Fried, L. Pfister, and H.E. Fuelberg, 2008, Characteristics of the atmospheric CO2 signal as observed over the conterminous United States during INTEX-NA, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, D07301, doi:10.1029/2007JD008899.

Ciais, P., P.P. Tans, J.W.C. White, M. Trolier, R.J. Francey, J.A. Berry, D.R. Randall, P.J. Sellers, J.G. Collatz, and D.S. Schimel, 1995, Partitioning of ocean and land uptake of CO2 as inferred by 13C measurements from the NOAA/CMDL global air sampling network, Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, 5051-5070.

Clerbaux, C., and D.M. Cunnold, 2006, Long-lived compounds, in Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion: 2006, World Meteorological Organization, Report No. 50, Geneva, Switzerland, 572 pp.

Clerbaux, C., J. Hadji-Lazaro, D. Hauglustaine, G. Mégie, B. Khattatov, and J.-F. Lamarque, 2001, Assimilation of carbon monoxide measured from satellite in a three-dimensional chemistry-transport model, Journal of Geophysical Research, 106, 15,385-15,394.

Conway, T.J., P.P. Tans, L.S. Waterman, K.W. Thoning, D.R. Kitzis, K.A. Masarie, and N. Zhang, 1994, Evidence for inter-nanual variability of the carbon cycle from the NOAA/GMCC global air sampling network, Journal of Geophysical Research, 99, 22,831-22,855.

Crutzen, P.J., A.R. Mosier, K.A. Smith, and W. Winiwarter, 2008, N2O release from agro-biofuel production negates global warming reduction by replacing fossil fuels, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 8, 389-395.

Curtis, P.S., P.J. Hanson, P. Bolstad, C. Barford, J.C. Randolph, H.P. Schmid, and K.B. Wilson, 2002, Biometric and eddy-covariance based estimates of annual carbon storage in five eastern North American deciduous forests, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 113, 3-19.

Danish National Environmental Research Institute, 2008, Annex 7: Table 6.1 and 6.2 of the IPCC good practice guidance, in Denmark’s National Inventory Report 2008:Emission Inventories 1990-2006—Submitted under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, pp. 681-685, available at <http:// unfccc.int/national_reports/annex_i_ghg_inventories/national_ inventories_submissions/items/4303.php>.

Daughtry, C.S.T., P.C. Doraiswamy, E.R. Hunt Jr., A.J. Stern, J.E. McMurtrey III, and J.H. Prueger, 2006, Remote sensing of crop residue cover and soil tillage intensity, Soil and Tillage Research, 91, 101-108.

Davidson, E.A., 2009, The contribution of manure and fertilizer nitrogen to atmospheric nitrous oxide since 1860, Nature Geoscience, 2, 659-662.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement