TABLE B.1 National CO2 Emissions and Estimated Atmospheric Signal

Country

Area (1,000 km2)

Fetch (km)

CO2(Mton yr–1)

Population (millions)

Average Emissions (μmol m–2s–1)

Total Column (ppm)

Boundary Layer 1 km (ppm)

United States

9,827

3,134

5,892

307.0

0.432

0.76

6.8

China

9,571

3,093

5,577

1,329.0

0.420

0.73

6.5

Russia

17,075

4,132

1,568

142.0

0.066

0.15

1.4

Japan

378

614

1,249

128.0

2.379

0.82

7.3

India

3,166

1,779

1,222

1169.0

0.278

0.28

2.5

Germany

357

597

829

82.6

1.672

0.56

5.0

Canada

9,985

3,159

559

32.8

0.040

0.07

0.6

UK

244

493

539

60.8

1.591

0.44

3.9

Italy

301

548

477

58.9

1.141

0.35

3.1

South Korea

99

314

475

48.2

3.455

0.61

5.4

Iran

1,648

1,283

447

71.2

0.195

0.14

1.3

Mexico

1,964

1,401

411

106.5

0.151

0.12

1.1

France

544

737

399

61.6

0.528

0.22

1.9

Australia

7,682

2,771

382

20.7

0.036

0.06

0.5

Indonesia

1,905

1,380

367

232.0

0.139

0.11

1.0

Spain

506

711

367

44.3

0.522

0.21

1.9

Brazil

8,547

2,923

352

192.0

0.030

0.05

0.4

South Africa

1,219

1,104

337

48.6

0.199

0.12

1.1

Saudi Arabia

2,240

1,496

333

24.8

0.107

0.09

0.8

Ukraine

604

777

303

46.2

0.361

0.16

1.4

NOTES: Mton CO2 = million metric ton of CO2. The totals include electricity generation, heating, transportation, manufacturing and construction, and other fuel combustion, but not bunker fuels, land-use change, or waste.

SOURCES: National totals for 2005 from the World Resources Institute. Area and population are from the CIA Fact book.

TABLE B.2 National Emissions of CH4, N2O, and SF6 and Estimated Atmospheric Signals

 

CH4

N2O

SF6

Country

Emissions (Mton yr–1)

Average (nmol m–2s–1)

Total Column (ppb)

Boundary Layer 1 km (ppb)

Emissions (Mton yr–1)

Average (pmol m–2s–1)

Total Column (ppb)

Boundary Layer 1 km (ppb)

Emissions (ton yr–1)

Average (fmol m–2s–1)

Total Column (ppt)

Boundary Layer 1km (ppt)

United States

20.84

4.20

7.4

65

1.261

92

0.163

1.4

842

18.60

0.0327

0.29

China

34.13

7.06

12.3

109

2.296

172

0.300

2.7

364

8.25

0.0143

0.13

Russia

12.58

1.46

3.4

30

0.193

8

0.019

0.2

175

2.22

0.0052

0.05

Japan

0.84

4.40

1.5

13

0.119

226

0.078

0.7

57

32.73

0.0113

0.10

India

21.91

13.70

13.7

121

0.239

54

0.054

0.5

92

6.31

0.0063

0.06

Germany

2.74

15.20

5.1

45

0.213

429

0.144

1.3

35

21.28

0.0071

0.06

Canada

4.08

0.81

1.4

12

0.194

13

0.025

0.2

110

2.39

0.0042

0.04

UK

1.85

15.01

4.2

37

0.153

451

0.125

1.1

22

19.57

0.0054

0.05

Italy

1.38

9.08

2.8

24

0.150

358

0.111

1.0

18

12.98

0.0040

0.04

South Korea

1.34

26.80

4.7

42

0.057

414

0.073

0.7

96

210.45

0.0372

0.33

Iran

3.83

4.60

3.3

29

0.077

33

0.024

0.2

22

2.90

0.0021

0.02

Mexico

7.39

7.45

5.9

52

0.090

32

0.026

0.2

35

3.87

0.0030

0.03

France

2.44

8.88

3.7

32

0.268

354

0.147

1.3

18

7.18

0.0030

0.03

Australia

5.16

1.33

2.1

18

0.107

10

0.016

0.1

31

0.88

0.0014

0.01

Indonesia

7.32

7.61

5.9

52

0.142

53

0.042

0.4

18

2.05

0.0016

0.01

Spain

1.46

5.71

2.3

20

0.097

138

0.055

0.5

9

3.86

0.0015

0.01

Brazil

15.56

3.61

5.9

52

0.888

74

0.123

1.1

75

1.90

0.0031

0.03

South Africa

2.21

3.59

2.2

19

0.078

46

0.029

0.3

35

6.23

0.0039

0.03

Saudi Arabia

1.11

0.98

0.8

7

0.038

12

0.010

0.1

22

2.13

0.0018

0.02

Ukraine

6.14

20.13

8.8

78

0.091

108

0.047

0.4

31

11.14

0.0049

0.04

NOTES: nmol = nanomol, 10–9 mol; pmol = picomol, 10–12 mol; fmol = femtomol, 10–15 mol.

SOURCE: National emissions for 2005 from the World Resources Institute.



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