Phil Venables has graduate and postgraduate qualifications in computer science and cryptography from York University and The Queen's College, Oxford, and is a chartered engineer. He has worked for more than 20 years in information technology in a number of sectors including petrochemical, defense, and finance. He has held numerous positions in information security and technology risk management at various financial institutions. He is currently managing director and chief information risk officer at Goldman Sachs. Additionally, he is on the board of directors for the Center for Internet Security and is a committee member of the U.S. Financial Sector Security Coordinating Council.


Herbert S. Lin, study director, is chief scientist for the National Research Council’s Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, where he has been a study director for major projects on public policy and information technology. These studies include a 1996 study on national cryptography policy (Cryptography's Role in Securing the Information Society), a 1999 study of Defense Department systems for command, control, communications, computing, and intelligence (Realizing the Potential of C4I: Fundamental Challenges), a 2000 study on workforce issues in high-technology (Building a Workforce for the Information Economy), a 2004 study on aspects of the FBI's information technology modernization program (A Review of the FBI's Trilogy IT Modernization Program), a 2005 study on electronic voting (Asking the Right Questions About Electronic Voting), a 2005 study on computational biology (Catalyzing Inquiry at the Interface of Computing and Biology), a 2007 study on privacy and information technology (Engaging Privacy and Information Technology in a Digital Age), a 2007 study on cybersecurity research (Toward a Safer and More Secure Cyberspace), a 2009 study on health care information technology (Computational Technology for Effective Health Care), and a 2009 study on U.S. cyberattack policy (Technology, Policy, Law, and Ethics Regarding Acquisition and Use of U.S. Cyberattack Capabilities). Before his NRC service, he was a professional staff member and staff scientist for the House Armed Services Committee (1986-1990), where his portfolio included defense policy and arms control issues. He received his doctorate in physics from MIT.

Tom Arrison is a senior staff officer in the Policy and Global Affairs division of the National Academies. He joined the National Academies in 1990 and has directed a range of studies and other projects in areas such as international science and technology relations, innovation, information technology, higher education, and strengthening the U.S. research enterprise. He holds M.A. degrees in public policy and Asian studies from the University of Michigan.

Gin Bacon Talati is a program associate for the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board of the National Academies. She formerly served as a program associate with the Frontiers of Engineering program at the National Academy of Engineering. Prior to her work at the Academies, she served as a senior project assistant in education technology at the National School Boards Association. She has a B.S. in science, technology, and culture from the Georgia Institute of Technology and an M.P.P. from George Mason University with a focus in science and technology policy.

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