FIGURE 1.1 This figure shows weather forecasts are integral to the daily life of the U.S. public as well as to U.S. economic activity and public safety. It illustrates the frequent use of weather forecasts for different types of decisions by members of the U.S. public, based on results from a survey of 1,465 respondents. The survey question asked On average, year round, how often do you use weather forecasts for the activities listed below? As the figure illustrates, weather forecasts are used frequently by many members of the U.S. public for a variety of activities. SOURCE: Lazo et al. (2009).

FIGURE 1.1 This figure shows weather forecasts are integral to the daily life of the U.S. public as well as to U.S. economic activity and public safety. It illustrates the frequent use of weather forecasts for different types of decisions by members of the U.S. public, based on results from a survey of 1,465 respondents. The survey question asked “On average, year round, how often do you use weather forecasts for the activities listed below?” As the figure illustrates, weather forecasts are used frequently by many members of the U.S. public for a variety of activities. SOURCE: Lazo et al. (2009).

the destruction and death resulting from Hurricane Katrina; in all, 2005 had nearly 1,500 direct weather fatalities and more than $100 billion in property and crop damages. The annual impacts of adverse weather on the national highway system and roads are staggering: 7,400 weather-related deaths; 1.5 million weather-related crashes; more than 700,000 weather-related injuries; $42 billion in economic loss; and nearly 1 billion hours per year of weather-related delays (BTS, 2007). In addition, $4.2 billion is lost each year as a result of air traffic delays attributed to weather (NOAA, 2010). For comparison, the average economic loss from the effects of airborne volcanic



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