FIGURE 1.3 10- and 30-year average number of fatalities directly attributable to weather in the United States, not including weather-caused traffic deaths. There are not 30 years of data available for heat-, cold-, winter storm-, or wind-related deaths; therefore only 10-year averages are shown for these events. SOURCE: NWS (2010).

FIGURE 1.3 10- and 30-year average number of fatalities directly attributable to weather in the United States, not including weather-caused traffic deaths. There are not 30 years of data available for heat-, cold-, winter storm-, or wind-related deaths; therefore only 10-year averages are shown for these events. SOURCE: NWS (2010).

to realize the prediction potential we believe is achievable.3 In addition, there has also not been a commensurate focus on the social sciences and their role in problem identification, analysis, and response. As a result, the United States is not mitigating weather impacts—death, injury, disruption, and property and economic losses—to the extent possible.

During the 1990s, federal agencies supported a number of weather research and research-to-operations (R2O) planning activities. For example, the U.S. Weather Research Program (USWRP) began as a multiagency research program whose purpose was to identify key gaps in the understanding and simulation of all types of severe weather and their societal impacts in order to accelerate the rate at which weather forecasts were improved. The USWRP was overseen by a scientific steering committee that convened 11

3

An in-depth review of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Weather Service (NWS) National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) organized by the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research at the request of NCEP was under way at the time of the 2009 BASC Summer Study workshop. The review report was recently completed and is available online at http://www.vsp.ucar.edu/events/NCEP_reviews_2009.html.



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